1 Samuel 23:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
And Saul's son Jonathan went to David at Horesh and helped him find strength in God.

King James Bible
And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David into the wood, and strengthened his hand in God.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David into the wood, and strengthened his hand in God.

World English Bible
Jonathan, Saul's son, arose, and went to David into the woods, and strengthened his hand in God.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jonathan son of Saul riseth, and goeth unto David to the forest, and strengtheneth his hand in God,

1 Samuel 23:16 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

And Jonathan - strengthened his hand in God - It is probable that there was always a secret intercourse between David and Jonathan, and that by this most trusty friend he was apprised of the various designs of Saul to take away his life. As Jonathan well knew that God had appointed David to the kingdom, he came now to encourage him to trust in the Most High, and to assure him that the hand of Saul should not prevail against him; and at this interview they renewed their covenant of friendship. Now all this Jonathan could do, consistently with his duty to his father and his king. He knew that David had delivered the kingdom; he saw that his father was ruling unconstitutionally; and he knew that God had appointed David to succeed Saul. This he knew would come about in the order of Providence; and neither he nor David took one step to hasten the time. Jonathan, by his several interferences, prevented his father from imbruing his hands in innocent blood: a more filial and a more loyal part he could not have acted; and therefore, in his attachment to David, he is wholly free of blame.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

strengthened

Deuteronomy 3:28 But charge Joshua, and encourage him, and strengthen him: for he shall go over before this people...

Nehemiah 2:18 Then I told them of the hand of my God which was good on me; as also the king's words that he had spoken to me. And they said...

Job 4:3,4 Behold, you have instructed many, and you have strengthened the weak hands...

Job 16:5 But I would strengthen you with my mouth, and the moving of my lips should assuage your grief.

Proverbs 27:9,17 Ointment and perfume rejoice the heart: so does the sweetness of a man's friend by hearty counsel...

Ecclesiastes 4:9-12 Two are better than one; because they have a good reward for their labor...

Isaiah 35:3,4 Strengthen you the weak hands, and confirm the feeble knees...

Ezekiel 13:22 Because with lies you have made the heart of the righteous sad, whom I have not made sad; and strengthened the hands of the wicked...

Luke 22:32,43 But I have prayed for you, that your faith fail not: and when you are converted, strengthen your brothers...

Ephesians 6:10 Finally, my brothers, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might.

2 Timothy 2:1 You therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus.

Hebrews 12:12,13 Why lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees...

Library
Jonathan, the Pattern of Friendship
'And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done? what is mine iniquity? and what is my sin before thy father, that he seeketh my life? 2. And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, but that he will shew it me: and why should my father hide this thing from me? it is not so. 3. And David sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes; and he saith,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Cross References
1 Samuel 23:15
While David was at Horesh in the Desert of Ziph, he learned that Saul had come out to take his life.

1 Samuel 30:6
David was greatly distressed because the men were talking of stoning him; each one was bitter in spirit because of his sons and daughters. But David found strength in the LORD his God.

Nehemiah 2:18
I also told them about the gracious hand of my God on me and what the king had said to me. They replied, "Let us start rebuilding." So they began this good work.

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