1 Samuel 18:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
So he sent David away from him and gave him command over a thousand men, and David led the troops in their campaigns.

King James Bible
Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.

Darby Bible Translation
And Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.

World English Bible
Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.

Young's Literal Translation
and Saul turneth him aside from him, and appointeth him to himself head of a thousand, and he goeth out an cometh in, before the people.

1 Samuel 18:13 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Made him his captain - This was under pretense of doing him honor, when it was in effect only to rid himself of the object of his envy.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

removed

1 Samuel 18:17,25 And Saul said to David, Behold my elder daughter Merab, her will I give you to wife: only be you valiant for me...

1 Samuel 8:12 And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties; and will set them to ear his ground...

1 Samuel 22:7 Then Saul said to his servants that stood about him, Hear now, you Benjamites...

he went out

1 Samuel 18:16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and came in before them.

Numbers 27:16,17 Let the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation...

2 Samuel 5:2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, you were he that led out and brought in Israel: and the LORD said to you...

Psalm 121:8 The LORD shall preserve your going out and your coming in from this time forth, and even for ever more.

Saul was sensible that the Lord was departed from him; while he perceived, with evident sorrow of heart, that the Lord had given David peculiar wisdom, and that he was with him to prosper all his undertakings. This increased the disquietude of his malevolent mind, and his dread of David as a prevailing rival: he therefore removed him from his presence. This impolitic step, however, served the more to ingratiate David with the people, by affording him the opportunity of leading them forth to victory over their enemies.

Library
A Soul's Tragedy
'And David went out whithersoever Saul sent him, and behaved himself wisely: and Saul set him over the men of war; and he was accepted in the sight of all the people, and also in the sight of Saul's servants. 6. And it came to pass as they came, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out of all cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet King Saul, with tabrets, with joy, and with instruments of musick. 7. And the women answered one another as they played,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Exile.
David's first years at the court of Saul in Gibeah do not appear to have produced any psalms which still survive. "The sweetest songs are those Which tell of saddest thought." It was natural, then, that a period full of novelty and of prosperous activity, very unlike the quiet days at Bethlehem, should rather accumulate materials for future use than be fruitful in actual production. The old life shut to behind him for ever, like some enchanted door in a hill-side, and an unexplored land lay beckoning
Alexander Maclaren—The Life of David

Cross References
Numbers 27:17
to go out and come in before them, one who will lead them out and bring them in, so the LORD's people will not be like sheep without a shepherd."

1 Samuel 18:16
But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he led them in their campaigns.

2 Samuel 5:2
In the past, while Saul was king over us, you were the one who led Israel on their military campaigns. And the LORD said to you, 'You will shepherd my people Israel, and you will become their ruler.'"

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