New International Version
on his legs he wore bronze greaves, and a bronze javelin was slung on his back.
King James Bible
And he had greaves of brass upon his legs, and a target of brass between his shoulders.
Darby Bible Translation
And he had greaves of bronze upon his legs, and a javelin of bronze between his shoulders.
World English Bible
He had brass shin armor on his legs, and a javelin of brass between his shoulders.
Young's Literal Translation
and a frontlet of brass is on his feet, and a javelin of brass between his shoulders,
1 Samuel 17:6 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Greaves of brass upon his legs - This species of armor may be seen on many ancient monuments. It was a plate of brass (though perhaps sometimes formed of laminae or plates, like the mail) which covered the shin or fore part of the leg, from the knee down to the instep, and was buckled with straps behind the leg. From ancient monuments we find that it was commonly worn only on one leg. Vegetius, de Re Militari, says, Pedites Scutati etiam ferreas ocreas in dextris cruribus copebantur accipere. "The foot soldiers, called Scutati, from their particular species of shield, were obliged to use iron greaves on their right legs." One of these may be seen in the monument of the gladiator Buto, in Montfaucon; and another in the Mosaic pavement at Bognor, in Surrey.
A target of brass between his shoulders - When not actually engaged, soldiers threw their shields behind their back, so that they appeared to rest or hang between the shoulders.
There are different opinions concerning this piece of armor, called here כידון kidon. Some think it was a covering for the shoulders; others, that it was a javelin or dart; others, that it was a lance; some, a club; and others, a sword. It is certainly distinguished from the shield, 1 Samuel 17:41, and is translated a spear, Joshua 8:18.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
target of brass. or, gorget.
LibraryThe victory of Unarmed Faith
'And David said to Saul, Let no man's heart fail because of him; thy servant will go and fight with this Philistine. 33. And Saul said to David, Thou art not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him: for thou art but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth. 34. And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father's sheep, and there came a lion and a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock; 35. And I went out after him, and smote him, and delivered it out of his mouth: and when he …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture
The Call of David.
The Blessing of Jacob Upon Judah. (Gen. Xlix. 8-10. )
Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners:
1 Samuel 17:5
He had a bronze helmet on his head and wore a coat of scale armor of bronze weighing five thousand shekels;
1 Samuel 17:45
David said to the Philistine, "You come against me with sword and spear and javelin, but I come against you in the name of the LORD Almighty, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied.
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