1 Samuel 16:20
Parallel Verses
New International Version
So Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a skin of wine and a young goat and sent them with his son David to Saul.

King James Bible
And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jesse took an ass with bread, and a flask of wine, and a kid, and sent [them] by David his son to Saul.

World English Bible
Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a young goat, and sent them by David his son to Saul.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jesse taketh an ass, with bread, and a bottle of wine, and one kid of the goats, and sendeth by the hand of David his son unto Saul.

1 Samuel 16:20 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Took an ass laden with bread - He must send a present to Saul to introduce his son, and this was probably the best he had. Dr. Warburton pleads still farther on the propriety of his rectification of the chronology in this place. David had at this time vanquished the Philistine, was become a favourite with the people, had excited Saul's jealousy, and retired to shun its effects. In the interim Saul was seized with the disorder in question, and is recommended by his servants to try the effects of music. They were acquainted with David's skill on the harp, and likewise with Saul's bad disposition towards him; the point was delicate, it required to be managed with address, and therefore they recommend David in this artful manner: "As you must have one constantly in attendance, both in court and on your military expeditions; to be always at hand on occasion, the son of Jesse will become both stations well; he will strengthen your camp and adorn your court, for he is a tried soldier and of a graceful presence. You have nothing to fear from his ambition, for you saw with what prudence he went into voluntary banishment when his popularity had incurred your displeasure." Accordingly Saul is prevailed on, David is sent for, and succeeds with his music; this dissipates all former umbrage, and, as one who is ever to be in attendance, he is made Saul's armor-bearer. This sunshine still continued till his great successes awakened Saul's jealousy afresh, and then the lifted javelin was to strike off all obligations. Thus we see what light is thrown upon the whole history by the supposition of an anticipation in the latter part of this chapter; an anticipation the most natural, proper, and necessary, for the purpose of the historian. Thus reasons Bishop Warburton, and with very considerable plausibility, though the intelligent reader may still have his doubts.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

an ass laden. Chamor lechem, literally, `an ass of bread,' rendered by the LXX. (), a gomor of bread; meaning, probably, not an animal, but a vessel containing a certain measure of bread.

1 Samuel 10:27 But the children of Belial said, How shall this man save us? And they despised him, and brought no presents. But he held his peace.

1 Samuel 17:18 And carry these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand, and look how your brothers fare, and take their pledge.

1 Samuel 25:18 Then Abigail made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and two bottles of wine, and five sheep ready dressed...

Genesis 43:11 And their father Israel said to them, If it must be so now, do this; take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels...

2 Samuel 16:1,2 And when David was a little past the top of the hill, behold, Ziba the servant of Mephibosheth met him, with a couple of donkeys saddled...

Proverbs 18:16 A man's gift makes room for him, and brings him before great men.

Library
The Shepherd-King
'And the Lord said unto Samuel, How long wilt them mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel! fill thine horn with oil, and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Beth-lehemite: for I have provided Me a king among his sons. 2. And Samuel said, How can I go? If Saul hear it, he will kill me. And the Lord said, Take an heifer with thee, and say, I am come to sacrifice to the Lord. 3. And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show thee what thou shalt do: and thou shalt anoint
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Early Days
The life of David is naturally divided into epochs, of which we may avail ourselves for the more ready arrangement of our material. These are--his early years up to his escape from the court of Saul, his exile, the prosperous beginning of his reign, his sin and penitence, his flight before Absalom's rebellion, and the darkened end. We have but faint incidental traces of his life up to his anointing by Samuel, with which the narrative in the historical books opens. But perhaps the fact that the story
Alexander Maclaren—The Life of David

Cross References
1 Samuel 10:4
They will greet you and offer you two loaves of bread, which you will accept from them.

1 Samuel 10:27
But some scoundrels said, "How can this fellow save us?" They despised him and brought him no gifts. But Saul kept silent.

1 Samuel 16:19
Then Saul sent messengers to Jesse and said, "Send me your son David, who is with the sheep."

1 Samuel 17:18
Take along these ten cheeses to the commander of their unit. See how your brothers are and bring back some assurance from them.

Proverbs 18:16
A gift opens the way and ushers the giver into the presence of the great.

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