1 Kings 20:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Now Ben-Hadad king of Aram mustered his entire army. Accompanied by thirty-two kings with their horses and chariots, he went up and besieged Samaria and attacked it.

King James Bible
And Benhadad the king of Syria gathered all his host together: and there were thirty and two kings with him, and horses, and chariots: and he went up and besieged Samaria, and warred against it.

Darby Bible Translation
And Ben-Hadad king of Syria assembled all his host; and there were thirty-two kings with him, and horses and chariots; and he went up and besieged Samaria, and fought against it.

World English Bible
Ben Hadad the king of Syria gathered all his army together; and there were thirty-two kings with him, and horses and chariots: and he went up and besieged Samaria, and fought against it.

Young's Literal Translation
And Ben-Hadad king of Aram hath gathered all his force, and thirty and two kings are with him, and horse and chariot, and he goeth up and layeth siege against Samaria, and fighteth with it,

1 Kings 20:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Ben-hadad - Several MSS., and some early printed editions, have Ben-hadar, or the son of Hadar, as the Septuagint. He is supposed to be the same whom Asa stirred up against the king of Israel, 1 Kings 15:18; or, as others, his son or grandson.

Thirty and two kings - Tributary chieftains of Syria and the adjacent countries. In former times every town and city had its independent chieftain. Both the Septuagint and Josephus place this war after the history of Naboth.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.

3103 B.C.

901
Ben-hadad

1 Kings 15:18,20 Then Asa took all the silver and the gold that were left in the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house...

2 Kings 8:7-10 And Elisha came to Damascus; and Benhadad the king of Syria was sick; and it was told him, saying, The man of God is come here...

2 Chronicles 16:2-4 Then Asa brought out silver and gold out of the treasures of the house of the LORD and of the king's house...

Jeremiah 49:27 And I will kindle a fire in the wall of Damascus, and it shall consume the palaces of Benhadad.

Amos 1:4 But I will send a fire into the house of Hazael, which shall devour the palaces of Benhadad.

Thirty and two

1 Kings 20:16,24 And they went out at noon. But Benhadad was drinking himself drunk in the pavilions, he and the kings...

Genesis 14:1-5 And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam...

Judges 1:7 And Adonibezek said, Three score and ten kings, having their thumbs and their great toes cut off, gathered their meat under my table...

Ezra 7:12 Artaxerxes, king of kings, to Ezra the priest, a scribe of the law of the God of heaven, perfect peace, and at such a time.

Isaiah 10:8 For he said, Are not my princes altogether kings?

Ezekiel 26:7 For thus said the Lord GOD; Behold, I will bring on Tyrus Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, a king of kings, from the north, with horses...

Daniel 2:37 You, O king, are a king of kings: for the God of heaven has given you a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory.

and horses

Exodus 14:7 And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

Deuteronomy 20:1 When you go out to battle against your enemies, and see horses, and chariots, and a people more than you, be not afraid of them...

Judges 4:3 And the children of Israel cried to the LORD: for he had nine hundred chariots of iron...

1 Samuel 13:5 And the Philistines gathered themselves together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen...

Isaiah 37:24 By your servants have you reproached the Lord, and have said, By the multitude of my chariots am I come up to the height of the mountains...

besieged

Leviticus 26:25 And I will bring a sword on you, that shall avenge the quarrel of my covenant: and when you are gathered together within your cities...

Deuteronomy 28:52 And he shall besiege you in all your gates, until your high and fenced walls come down, wherein you trusted, throughout all your land...

2 Kings 6:24-29 And it came to pass after this, that Benhadad king of Syria gathered all his host, and went up, and besieged Samaria...

2 Kings 17:5,6 Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria, and besieged it three years...

Library
The Lost Opportunity
TEXT: "And as thy servant was busy here and there, he was gone. And the king of Israel said unto him, So shall thy judgment be; thyself hast decided it."--1 Kings 20:40. There is a very striking incident connected with this text. The great battle is raging, a certain important prisoner has been taken, and if you read between the lines you seem to know that upon him depend many of the issues of war. His skill in leading the enemy had been marvelous, his courage in the thick of the fight striking;
J. Wilbur Chapman—And Judas Iscariot

The Letter of the Synod to the Emperor and Empress.
(Labbe and Cossart, Concilia, Tom. VII., col. 577.) To our most religious and most serene princes, Constantine and Irene his mother. Tarasius, the unworthy bishop of your God-protected royal city, new Rome, and all the holy Council which met at the good pleasure of God and upon the command of your Christ-loving majesty in the renowned metropolis of Nice, the second council to assemble in this city. Christ our God (who is the head of the Church) was glorified, most noble princes, when your heart,
Philip Schaff—The Seven Ecumenical Councils

Cross References
1 Kings 15:18
Asa then took all the silver and gold that was left in the treasuries of the LORD's temple and of his own palace. He entrusted it to his officials and sent them to Ben-Hadad son of Tabrimmon, the son of Hezion, the king of Aram, who was ruling in Damascus.

1 Kings 15:20
Ben-Hadad agreed with King Asa and sent the commanders of his forces against the towns of Israel. He conquered Ijon, Dan, Abel Beth Maakah and all Kinnereth in addition to Naphtali.

1 Kings 16:24
He bought the hill of Samaria from Shemer for two talents of silver and built a city on the hill, calling it Samaria, after Shemer, the name of the former owner of the hill.

1 Kings 20:2
He sent messengers into the city to Ahab king of Israel, saying, "This is what Ben-Hadad says:

1 Kings 22:31
Now the king of Aram had ordered his thirty-two chariot commanders, "Do not fight with anyone, small or great, except the king of Israel."

2 Kings 6:24
Some time later, Ben-Hadad king of Aram mobilized his entire army and marched up and laid siege to Samaria.

Amos 1:4
I will send fire on the house of Hazael that will consume the fortresses of Ben-Hadad.

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Aram Army Assembled Attacked Ben Benhadad Ben-Hadad Besieged Carriages Chariot Chariots Collected Entire Fighteth Force Fought Gathered Hadad Horse Horses Host Kings Layeth Mustered Samaria Sama'ria Siege Syria Thirty Thirty-Two Together War Warred
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Aram Army Assembled Attacked Ben Benhadad Ben-Hadad Besieged Carriages Chariot Chariots Collected Entire Fighteth Force Fought Gathered Hadad Horse Horses Host Kings Layeth Mustered Samaria Sama'ria Siege Syria Thirty Thirty-Two Together War Warred
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