1 Chronicles 2:42
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel: Mesha his firstborn, who was the father of Ziph, and his son Mareshah, who was the father of Hebron.

King James Bible
Now the sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel were, Mesha his firstborn, which was the father of Ziph; and the sons of Mareshah the father of Hebron.

Darby Bible Translation
And the sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel were Mesha his firstborn, who was the father of Ziph; and the sons of Mareshah the father of Hebron.

World English Bible
The sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel were Mesha his firstborn, who was the father of Ziph; and the sons of Mareshah the father of Hebron.

Young's Literal Translation
And sons of Caleb brother of Jerahmeel: Mesha his first-born, he is father of Ziph; and sons of Mareshah: Abi-Hebron.

1 Chronicles 2:42 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Now the sons of Caleb - This was not Caleb the son of Jephunneh, but Caleb the son of Hezron, 1 Chronicles 2:18, 1 Chronicles 2:50. But some think that Caleb the son of Hezron was the grandson of Caleb, son of Jephunneh; but this is probably fanciful.

The father of Ziph - "The prince of the Ziphites." - T.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Caleb. This was not Caleb the son of Jephunneh, but Caleb the son of Hezron, and therefore called the brother of Jerahmeel: See the parallel texts:

1 Chronicles 2:9 The sons also of Hezron, that were born to him; Jerahmeel, and Ram, and Chelubai.

Chelubai.

1 Chronicles 2:18,19,24 And Caleb the son of Hezron begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth: her sons are these; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon...

his first-born.

Genesis 49:3 Reuben, you are my firstborn, my might, and the beginning of my strength, the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power:

Exodus 4:22,23 And you shall say to Pharaoh, Thus said the LORD, Israel is my son, even my firstborn...

Romans 8:29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son...

Hebrews 12:23 To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all...

the father. i.e, the founder, or, as the Targum renders, 'the prince of the Ziphites;' for it was usual to call both the founder and the prince of a city its father.

Ziph.

Joshua 15:24 Ziph, and Telem, and Bealoth,

1 Samuel 23:19 Then came up the Ziphites to Saul to Gibeah, saying, Does not David hide himself with us in strong holds in the wood...

1 Samuel 26:1 And the Ziphites came to Saul to Gibeah, saying, Does not David hide himself in the hill of Hachilah, which is before Jeshimon?

the father of Hebron.

1 Chronicles 2:23,24,45,49,52 And he took Geshur, and Aram, with the towns of Jair, from them, with Kenath, and the towns thereof, even three score cities...

1 Chronicles 8:29 And at Gibeon dwelled the father of Gibeon; whose wife's name was Maachah:

Ezra 2:21-35 The children of Bethlehem, an hundred twenty and three...

Nehemiah 7:25-38 The children of Gibeon, ninety and five...

Library
Canaan
Canaan was the inheritance which the Israelites won for themselves by the sword. Their ancestors had already settled in it in patriarchal days. Abraham "the Hebrew" from Babylonia had bought in it a burying-place near Hebron; Jacob had purchased a field near Shechem, where he could water his flocks from his own spring. It was the "Promised Land" to which the serfs of the Pharaoh in Goshen looked forward when they should again become free men and find a new home for themselves. Canaan had ever been
Archibald Sayce—Early Israel and the Surrounding Nations

1 Chronicles 2:41
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