New American Standard Bible
"And to the angel of the church in Smyrna write: The first and the last, who was dead, and has come to life, says this:
King James Bible
And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;
Darby Bible Translation
And to the angel of the assembly in Smyrna write: These things says the first and the last, who became dead, and lived:
World English Bible
"To the angel of the assembly in Smyrna write: "The first and the last, who was dead, and has come to life says these things:
Young's Literal Translation
'And to the messenger of the assembly of the Smyrneans write: These things saith the First and the Last, who did become dead and did live;
Revelation 2:8 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write - On the meaning of the word "angel," see the notes on Revelation 1:20.
Which was dead, and is alive - See the notes on Revelation 1:18. The idea is, that he is a Living Saviour; and there was a propriety in referring to that fact here from the nature of the promise which he was about to make to the church at Smyrna: "He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death," Revelation 2:11. As he had himself triumphed over death in all its forms, and was now alive forever, it was appropriate that he should promise to his true friends the same protection from the second death. He who was wholly beyond the reach of death could give the assurance that they who put their trust in him should come off victorious.
Hence our Lord's fitness to deal with the churches, which are these golden lamp-stands, for no one knows so much about the lamps as the person whose constant work it is to watch them and trim them. No one knows the churches as Jesus does, for the care of all the churches daily comes upon him, he continually walks among them, and holds their ministers as stars in his right hand. His eyes are perpetually upon the churches, so that he knows their works, their sufferings, and their sins; and those eyes …
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 32: 1886
That There is no Security against Temptation in this Life
Job's Regret and Our Own
Of the Imitation of Christ, and of Contempt of the World and all Its Vanities
"Thus says the LORD, the King of Israel and his Redeemer, the LORD of hosts: 'I am the first and I am the last, And there is no God besides Me.
"Listen to Me, O Jacob, even Israel whom I called; I am He, I am the first, I am also the last.
For to this end Christ died and lived again, that He might be Lord both of the dead and of the living.
saying, "Write in a book what you see, and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus and to Smyrna and to Pergamum and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to Philadelphia and to Laodicea."
When I saw Him, I fell at His feet like a dead man. And He placed His right hand on me, saying, "Do not be afraid; I am the first and the last,
and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades.
"I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end."
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