Numbers 30:1
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
Then Moses spoke to the heads of the tribes of the sons of Israel, saying, "This is the word which the LORD has commanded.

King James Bible
And Moses spake unto the heads of the tribes concerning the children of Israel, saying, This is the thing which the LORD hath commanded.

Darby Bible Translation
And Moses spoke to the heads of the tribes of the children of Israel, saying, This is what Jehovah hath commanded.

World English Bible
Moses spoke to the heads of the tribes of the children of Israel, saying, "This is the thing which Yahweh has commanded.

Young's Literal Translation
And Moses speaketh unto the heads of the tribes of the sons of Israel, saying, 'This is the thing which Jehovah hath commanded:

Numbers 30:1 Parallel
Commentary
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

The regulations respecting vows appropriately follow those given respecting sacrifices, since a large proportion of vows would always relate to the presentation of such offerings. Rules had already been given Leviticus 27 for the estimation of things vowed to God. It is probable that this fresh legislation dealing especially with vows made by persons in a state of tutelage, was occasioned by some case of practical difficulty that had recently arisen; and it is addressed by Moses to "the heads of the tribes" Numbers 30:1, who would in their judicial capacity have to determine questions on these subjects.

There is no provision in the chapter for annulling vows made by boys and young men; from which it has been inferred that the vows of males were in all cases and circumstances binding.

Numbers 30:1 Parallel Commentaries

Library
Nature of Covenanting.
A covenant is a mutual voluntary compact between two parties on given terms or conditions. It may be made between superiors and inferiors, or between equals. The sentiment that a covenant can be made only between parties respectively independent of one another is inconsistent with the testimony of Scripture. Parties to covenants in a great variety of relative circumstances, are there introduced. There, covenant relations among men are represented as obtaining not merely between nation and nation,
John Cunningham—The Ordinance of Covenanting

Cross References
Numbers 1:4
"With you, moreover, there shall be a man of each tribe, each one head of his father's household.

Numbers 1:16
"These are they who were called of the congregation, the leaders of their fathers' tribes; they were the heads of divisions of Israel."

Numbers 7:2
Then the leaders of Israel, the heads of their fathers' households, made an offering (they were the leaders of the tribes; they were the ones who were over the numbered men).

Numbers 29:40
Moses spoke to the sons of Israel in accordance with all that the LORD had commanded Moses.

Deuteronomy 23:21
"When you make a vow to the LORD your God, you shall not delay to pay it, for it would be sin in you, and the LORD your God will surely require it of you.

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