New American Standard Bible
Then the king said to the wise men who understood the times-- for it was the custom of the king so to speak before all who knew law and justice
King James Bible
Then the king said to the wise men, which knew the times, (for so was the king's manner toward all that knew law and judgment:
Darby Bible Translation
And the king said to the wise men who knew the times (for so was the king's business conducted before all that knew law and judgment;
World English Bible
Then the king said to the wise men, who knew the times, (for it was the king's custom to consult those who knew law and judgment;
Young's Literal Translation
And the king saith to wise men, knowing the times -- for so is the word of the king before all knowing law and judgment,
Esther 1:13 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
Wise men ... - Not "astrologers," who were unknown in Persia; but rather men of practical wisdom, who knew the facts and customs of former times.
For so was the king's manner - Some render it: "for so was the king's business laid before all that knew law ..."
The spirit of the book of Esther is anything but attractive. It is never quoted or referred to by Jesus or His apostles, and it is a satisfaction to think that in very early times, and even among Jewish scholars, its right to a place in the canon was hotly contested. Its aggressive fanaticism and fierce hatred of all that lay outside of Judaism were felt by the finer spirits to be false to the more generous instincts that lay at the heart of the Hebrew religion; but by virtue of its very intensity …
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament
1 Chronicles 12:32
Of the sons of Issachar, men who understood the times, with knowledge of what Israel should do, their chiefs were two hundred; and all their kinsmen were at their command.
But Queen Vashti refused to come at the king's command delivered by the eunuchs. Then the king became very angry and his wrath burned within him.
Who would not fear You, O King of the nations? Indeed it is Your due! For among all the wise men of the nations And in all their kingdoms, There is none like You.
Then the king gave orders to call in the magicians, the conjurers, the sorcerers and the Chaldeans to tell the king his dreams. So they came in and stood before the king.
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