New American Standard Bible
Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them, "Rulers and elders of the people,
King James Bible
Then Peter, filled with the Holy Ghost, said unto them, Ye rulers of the people, and elders of Israel,
Darby Bible Translation
Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them, Rulers of the people and elders of Israel,
World English Bible
Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them, "You rulers of the people, and elders of Israel,
Young's Literal Translation
Then Peter, having been filled with the Holy Spirit, said unto them: 'Rulers of the people, and elders of Israel,
Acts 4:8 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
Filled with the Holy Ghost - See the notes on Acts 2:4.
Ye rulers ... - Peter addressed the Sanhedrin with perfect respect. He did not call in question their authority to propose this question. He seemed to regard this as a favorable opportunity to declare the truth and state the evidence of the Christian religion. In this he acted on the principle of the injunction which he himself afterward gave 1 Peter 3:15, "Be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you, with meekness and fear." Innocence is willing to be questioned; and a believer in the truth will rejoice in any opportunity to state the evidence of what is believed. It is remarkable, also, that this was before the Great Council of the nation - the body that was clothed with the highest authority. Peter could not have forgotten that before this very council, and these very men, his Master had been arraigned and condemned; nor could he have forgotten that in the very room where this same council was convened to try his Lord, he had himself shrunk from an honest avowal of attachment to him, and shamefully and profanely denied him.
That he was now able to stand boldly before this same tribunal evinced a remarkable change in his feelings, and was a most clear and impressive proof of the genuineness of his repentance when he went out and wept bitterly. Compare Luke 22:54-62. And we may remark here, that one of the most clear evidences of the sincerity of repentance is when it leads to a result like this. So deeply was the heart of Peter affected by his sin Luke 22:62, and so genuine was his sorrow, that he doubtless remembered his crime on this occasion, and the memory of it inspired him with boldness. It may be further remarked, that one evidence of the genuineness of repentance is a desire to repair the evil which is done by crime. Peter had done dishonor to his Master and his cause in the presence of the great council of the nation. Nothing, on such an occasion, would be more likely to do injury to the cause than for one of the disciples of the Saviour to deny him - one of his followers to be guilty of profaneness and falsehood. But here was an opportunity, in some degree, at least, to repair the evil. Before the same council, in the same city, and in the presence. of the same people, it is not an unnatural supposition that Peter rejoiced that he might have opportunity to bear his testimony to the divine mission of the Saviour whom he had before denied. By using the customary language of respect applied to the Great Council, Peter also has shown us that it is proper to evince respect for office and for those in power. Religion requires us to render this homage, and to treat men in office with deference, Matthew 22:21; Romans 13:7; 1 Peter 2:13-17.
LibraryWith and Like Christ
'Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marvelled; and they took knowledge of them, that they had been with Jesus.' --ACTS iv. 13. Two young Galilean fishermen, before the same formidable tribunal which a few weeks before had condemned their Master, might well have quailed. And evidently 'Annas, the high priest, and Caiaphas, and John, and Alexander, and as many as were of the kindred of the high priest,' were very much astonished …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture: The Acts
The First Blast of Tempest
"And all that Believed were Together. " Acts 4:44.
Ananias and Sapphira
"For it is not you who speak, but it is the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you.
When Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting, the baby leaped in her womb; and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit.
Pilate summoned the chief priests and the rulers and the people,
And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit was giving them utterance.
On the next day, their rulers and elders and scribes were gathered together in Jerusalem;
When they had placed them in the center, they began to inquire, "By what power, or in what name, have you done this?"
But Saul, who was also known as Paul, filled with the Holy Spirit, fixed his gaze on him,
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