1 Samuel 8:12
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
"He will appoint for himself commanders of thousands and of fifties, and some to do his plowing and to reap his harvest and to make his weapons of war and equipment for his chariots.

King James Bible
And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties; and will set them to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and instruments of his chariots.

Darby Bible Translation
and he will take them that he may appoint for himself captains over thousands, and captains over fifties, and that they may plough his ground, and reap his harvest, and make his instruments of war and instruments of his chariots.

World English Bible
and he will appoint them to him for captains of thousands, and captains of fifties; and [he will set some] to plow his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and the instruments of his chariots.

Young's Literal Translation
also to appoint for himself heads of thousands, and heads of fifties; also to plow his plowing, and to reap his reaping; and to make instruments of his war, and instruments of his charioteer.

1 Samuel 8:12 Parallel
Commentary
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

This organization was as old as the time of Moses Numbers 31:14; Deuteronomy 1:15, and prevailed among the Philistines also 1 Samuel 29:2. The civil and military divisions were identical, and the civil officers were the same as the captains of thousands, hundreds, fifties, and tens, in time of war.

To ear his ground - literally, "to plow his plowing." "To ear" is an old English word, now obsolete, for to plow.

1 Samuel 8:12 Parallel Commentaries

Library
Samuel
Alike from the literary and the historical point of view, the book[1] of Samuel stands midway between the book of Judges and the book of Kings. As we have already seen, the Deuteronomic book of Judges in all probability ran into Samuel and ended in ch. xii.; while the story of David, begun in Samuel, embraces the first two chapters of the first book of Kings. The book of Samuel is not very happily named, as much of it is devoted to Saul and the greater part to David; yet it is not altogether inappropriate,
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Numbers 31:14
Moses was angry with the officers of the army, the captains of thousands and the captains of hundreds, who had come from service in the war.

1 Samuel 8:13
"He will also take your daughters for perfumers and cooks and bakers.

1 Samuel 22:7
Saul said to his servants who stood around him, "Hear now, O Benjamites! Will the son of Jesse also give to all of you fields and vineyards? Will he make you all commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds?

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Appoint Assign Building Captains Chariots Commanders Cutting Ear Equipment Harvest Heads Implements Instruments Making Others Plough Ploughing Plow Plowing Reap Thousands War War-Carriages Weapons Work
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Appoint Assign Building Captains Chariots Commanders Cutting Ear Equipment Harvest Heads Implements Instruments Making Others Plough Ploughing Plow Plowing Reap Thousands War War-Carriages Weapons Work
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