1Now the LORD appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre, while he was sitting at the tent door in the heat of the day.
2When he lifted up his eyes and looked, behold, three men were standing opposite him; and when he saw [them], he ran from the tent door to meet them and bowed himself to the earth,
3and said, "My lord, if now I have found favor in your sight, please do not pass your servant by.
4"Please let a little water be brought and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree;
5and I will bring a piece of bread, that you may refresh yourselves; after that you may go on, since you have visited your servant." And they said, "So do, as you have said."
6So Abraham hurried into the tent to Sarah, and said, "Quickly, prepare three measures of fine flour, knead [it] and make bread cakes."
7Abraham also ran to the herd, and took a tender and choice calf and gave [it] to the servant, and he hurried to prepare it.
8He took curds and milk and the calf which he had prepared, and placed [it] before them; and he was standing by them under the tree as they ate.
9Then they said to him, "Where is Sarah your wife?" And he said, "There, in the tent."
10He said, "I will surely return to you at this time next year; and behold, Sarah your wife will have a son." And Sarah was listening at the tent door, which was behind him.
11Now Abraham and Sarah were old, advanced in age; Sarah was past childbearing.
12Sarah laughed to herself, saying, "After I have become old, shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also?"
13And the LORD said to Abraham, "Why did Sarah laugh, saying, 'Shall I indeed bear [a child], when I am [so] old?'
14"Is anything too difficult for the LORD? At the appointed time I will return to you, at this time next year, and Sarah will have a son."
15Sarah denied [it] however, saying, "I did not laugh"; for she was afraid. And He said, "No, but you did laugh."
16Then the men rose up from there, and looked down toward Sodom; and Abraham was walking with them to send them off.
17The LORD said, "Shall I hide from Abraham what I am about to do,
18since Abraham will surely become a great and mighty nation, and in him all the nations of the earth will be blessed?
19"For I have chosen him, so that he may command his children and his household after him to keep the way of the LORD by doing righteousness and justice, so that the LORD may bring upon Abraham what He has spoken about him."
20And the LORD said, "The outcry of Sodom and Gomorrah is indeed great, and their sin is exceedingly grave.
21"I will go down now, and see if they have done entirely according to its outcry, which has come to Me; and if not, I will know."
22Then the men turned away from there and went toward Sodom, while Abraham was still standing before the LORD.
23Abraham came near and said, "Will You indeed sweep away the righteous with the wicked?
24"Suppose there are fifty righteous within the city; will You indeed sweep [it] away and not spare the place for the sake of the fifty righteous who are in it?
25"Far be it from You to do such a thing, to slay the righteous with the wicked, so that the righteous and the wicked are [treated] alike. Far be it from You! Shall not the Judge of all the earth deal justly?"
26So the LORD said, "If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare the whole place on their account."
27And Abraham replied, "Now behold, I have ventured to speak to the Lord, although I am [but] dust and ashes.
28"Suppose the fifty righteous are lacking five, will You destroy the whole city because of five?" And He said, "I will not destroy [it] if I find forty-five there."
29He spoke to Him yet again and said, "Suppose forty are found there?" And He said, "I will not do [it] on account of the forty."
30Then he said, "Oh may the Lord not be angry, and I shall speak; suppose thirty are found there?" And He said, "I will not do [it] if I find thirty there."
31And he said, "Now behold, I have ventured to speak to the Lord; suppose twenty are found there?" And He said, "I will not destroy [it] on account of the twenty."
32Then he said, "Oh may the Lord not be angry, and I shall speak only this once; suppose ten are found there?" And He said, "I will not destroy [it] on account of the ten."
33As soon as He had finished speaking to Abraham the LORD departed, and Abraham returned to his place.