1The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.
2"Vanity of vanities," says the Preacher, "Vanity of vanities! All is vanity."
3What advantage does man have in all his work Which he does under the sun?
4A generation goes and a generation comes, But the earth remains forever.
5Also, the sun rises and the sun sets; And hastening to its place it rises there [again].
6Blowing toward the south, Then turning toward the north, The wind continues swirling along; And on its circular courses the wind returns.
7All the rivers flow into the sea, Yet the sea is not full. To the place where the rivers flow, There they flow again.
8All things are wearisome; Man is not able to tell [it]. The eye is not satisfied with seeing, Nor is the ear filled with hearing.
9That which has been is that which will be, And that which has been done is that which will be done. So there is nothing new under the sun.
10Is there anything of which one might say, "See this, it is new "? Already it has existed for ages Which were before us.
11There is no remembrance of earlier things; And also of the later things which will occur, There will be for them no remembrance Among those who will come later [still].
The Futility of Wisdom
12I, the Preacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem.
13And I set my mind to seek and explore by wisdom concerning all that has been done under heaven. [It] is a grievous task [which] God has given to the sons of men to be afflicted with.
14I have seen all the works which have been done under the sun, and behold, all is vanity and striving after wind.
15What is crooked cannot be straightened and what is lacking cannot be counted.
16I said to myself, "Behold, I have magnified and increased wisdom more than all who were over Jerusalem before me; and my mind has observed a wealth of wisdom and knowledge."
17And I set my mind to know wisdom and to know madness and folly; I realized that this also is striving after wind.
18Because in much wisdom there is much grief, and increasing knowledge [results in] increasing pain.