These Things which You have Said are Read by all who Know Latin, and You Yourself Request them to Read Them: Such Sayings, I Mean as These: that all Rational Creatures, as Can be Imagined by Taking a Single Rational Animal as an Example, are to be Formed Anew into one Body, Just as if the Members of a Single Man after Being Torn Apart Should be Formed Anew by the Art of Æsculapius into the Same Solid Body as Before: that There Will be among them as Amongst the Members of the Body Various Offices, which You Specify, but that the Body Will be One, that Is, of one Nature: this one Body Made up of all Things You Call the Original Church, and to this You Give the Name of the Body of Christ; and Further You Say that one Member of this Church Will be the Apostate Angel, that Is, of Course, the Devil, who is to be Formed Anew into that which He was First Created: that Man in the Same Way, who is Another of the Members, Will be Recalled to the Culture of the Garden of Eden as Its Original Husbandman. All those Things You Say one after the Other, Without Bringing in the Person of that Other' whom You Usually Introduce when You Speak of Such Matters Cautiously, and Like one Treading Warily, So as to Make Men Think that You had Some Hesitation in Deciding Matters So Secret and Abstruse. Origen Indeed, the Man Whose Disciple You do not Deny that You Are, and Whose Betrayer You Confess Yourself to Be, Always did This, as we See, in Dealing with Such Matters. But You, as if You were the Angel Speaking by the Mouth of Daniel or Christ by that of Paul, Give a Curt and Distinct Opinion on Each Point, and Declare to the Ears of Mortals all the Secrets of the Ages to Come. Then You Speak Thus to Us: "O Multitude of the Faithful, Place no Faith in any of the Ancients. If Origen had Some Thoughts About the More Secret Facts of the Divine Purposes, Let None of You Admit Them. And Similarly if one of the Clements Said any Such Things, Whether He who was a Disciple of the Apostle or He of the Church of Alexandria who was the Master of Origen Himself; Yes Even if they were Said by the Great Gregory of Pontus, a Man of Apostolic virtues, or by the Other Gregory, of Nazianzus, and Didymus the Seeing Prophet, Both of them My Teachers, than whom the World Has Possessed None More Deeply Taught in the Faith of Christ. All These have Erred as Origen Has Erred; but Let them be Forgiven, for I Too have Erred at Times, and I am Now Behaving Myself as a Penitent, and Ought to be Forgiven. But Origen, Since He Said the Same Things which I have Said, Shall Receive no Forgiveness Though He Has done Penance; Nay, for Saying the Things which we all have Said, He Alone Shall be Condemned. He it is who Has done all the Mischief; He who Betrayed to us the Secret of all that we Say or Write, of all which Makes us Seem to Speak Learnedly, of all that was Good in Greek but which we have Made Bad in Latin. Of all These Let no Man Listen to a Single One. Accept those Things Alone which You Find in My Commentaries, and Especially in those on the Epistle to the Ephesians, in which I have Most Painfully Confuted the Doctrines of Origen. My Researches have Reached this Result, that You must Believe and Hold the Resurrection of the Flesh in this Sense that Men's Bodies Will be Turned into Spirits and their Wives into Men; and that Before the Foundation of the World Souls Existed in Heaven, and Thence, for Reasons Known to God Alone, were Brought Down into this Valley of Tears, and were Inserted into this Body of Death; That, in the End of the Ages the Whole of Nature, Being Reasonable, Will be Fashioned Again into one Body as it was in the Beginning, that Man Will be Recalled into Paradise, and the Apostate Angel Will be Exalted Above Peter and Paul, Since They, Being but Men, must be Placed in the Lower Position of Paradise, While He Will be Restored to be that which He was Originally Created; and that all Shall Together Make up the Church of the First Born in Heaven, And, While Placed Each in his Separate Office, Shall be Equally Members of Christ: but all of them Taken Together Will be the Perfect Body of Christ. Hold Then to These Things, My Faithful and Discreet Disciples, and Guard them as My Unhesitating Definitions of Truth; but for the Same Doctrines Pronounce Your Condemnation Upon Origen; So You Will do Well. Fare Ye Well. " Didymus, the Blind Teacher of Alexandria. Jerome who Admired Him, Though He was a Disciple of Origen, Delights in Calling Him, in Contrast to his Blindness, the Seer. CYou do all This, You Know Well Enough, Laughing at us in Your Sleeve: and You Profess Penitence Merely to Deceive those to whom You Write. Even if Your Penitence is Sincere, as it Should Be, what is to Become of all those Souls who for So Many Years have Been Led Astray by this Poisonous Doctrine as You Call it which You Then Professed. Besides, who Will ever Mend his Ways on Account of Your Penitence, when that Very Document, in which You are at once the Penitent, the Accuser and the Judge, Sends Your Readers Back to those Same Doctrines as those which they are to Read and to Hold. Lastly, Even if These Things were not So, yet You Yourself, after Your Penitence, have Stopped up Every Avenue of Forgiveness. You Say that Origen Himself Repented of These Doctrines, and that He Sent a Document to that Effect to Fabian who was at that Time Bishop of the City of Rome; and yet after this Repentance of His, and after He Has Been Dead a Hundred and Fifty Years, You Drag Him into Court and Call for his Condemnation. How is it Possible Then that You Should Receive Forgiveness, Even Though You Repent, Since He who Before was Penitent for Emitting those Doctrines Gains no Forgiveness? He Wrote Just as You have Written: He Repented as You have Repented. You Ought Therefore Either Both of You to be Absolved for Your Repentance, Or, if You Refuse Forgiveness to a Penitent (Which I do not Desire to See You Insist Upon), to be Both of You Equally Condemned. There is a Parable of the Gospel which Illustrates This. A Woman Taken in Adultery was Brought Before Our Lord by the Jews, So that they Might See what Judgment He Would Pronounce According to the Law. He, the Merciful and Pitying Lord, Said: "He that is Without Sin among You Let Him First Cast a Stone at Her. " and Then, it is Said, they all Departed. The Jews, Impious and Unbelieving Though they Were, yet Blushed through their Own Consciousness of Guilt; Since they were Sinners, they Would not Appear Publicly as Executing Vengeance on Sinners. And the Robber Upon the Cross, Said to the Other Robber who was Hanging Like Him on a Cross, and was Blaspheming, "Dost not Thou Fear God, Seeing we are in the Same Condemnation?" but we Condemn in Others the Things of which we Ourselves are Conscious; yet we Neither Blush Like the Jews nor are Softened Like the Robber. John viii. 9 Cbook ii.
43. These things which you have said are read by all who know Latin, and you yourself request them to read them: such sayings, I mean as these: that all rational creatures, as can be imagined by taking a single rational animal as an example, are to be formed anew into one body, just as if the members of a single man after being torn apart should be formed anew by the art of Æsculapius into the same solid body as before: that there will be among them as amongst the members of the body various offices, which you specify, but that the body will be one, that is, of one nature: this one body made up of all things you call the original church, and to this you give the name of the body of Christ; and further you say that one member of this church will be the apostate angel, that is, of course, the devil, who is to be formed anew into that which he was first created: that man in the same way, who is another of the members, will be recalled to the culture of the garden of Eden as its original husbandman. All those things you say one after the other, without bringing in the person of that other' whom you usually introduce when you speak of such matters cautiously, and like one treading warily, so as to make men think that you had some hesitation in deciding matters so secret and abstruse. Origen indeed, the man whose disciple you do not deny that you are, and whose betrayer you confess yourself to be, always did this, as we see, in dealing with such matters. But you, as if you were the angel speaking by the mouth of Daniel or Christ by that of Paul, give a curt and distinct opinion on each point, and declare to the ears of mortals all the secrets of the ages to come. Then you speak thus to us: "O multitude of the faithful, place no faith in any of the ancients. If Origen had some thoughts about the more secret facts of the divine purposes, let none of you admit them. And similarly if one of the Clements said any such things, whether he who was a disciple of the apostle or he of the church of Alexandria who was the master of Origen himself; yes even if they were said by the great Gregory of Pontus, a man of apostolic virtues, or by the other Gregory, of Nazianzus, and Didymus the seeing prophet, both of them my teachers, than whom the world has possessed none more deeply taught in the faith of Christ. All these have erred as Origen has erred; but let them be forgiven, for I too have erred at times, and I am now behaving myself as a penitent, and ought to be forgiven. But Origen, since he said the same things which I have said, shall receive no forgiveness though he has done penance; nay, for saying the things which we all have said, he alone shall be condemned. He it is who has done all the mischief; he who betrayed to us the secret of all that we say or write, of all which makes us seem to speak learnedly, of all that was good in Greek but which we have made bad in Latin. Of all these let no man listen to a single one. Accept those things alone which you find in my Commentaries, and especially in those on the Epistle to the Ephesians, in which I have most painfully confuted the doctrines of Origen. My researches have reached this result, that you must believe and hold the resurrection of the flesh in this sense that men's bodies will be turned into spirits and their wives into men; and that before the foundation of the world souls existed in heaven, and thence, for reasons known to God alone, were brought down into this valley of tears, and were inserted into this body of death; that, in the end of the ages the whole of nature, being reasonable, will be fashioned again into one body as it was in the beginning, that man will be recalled into Paradise, and the apostate angel will be exalted above Peter and Paul, since they, being but men, must be placed in the lower position of paradise, while he will be restored to be that which he was originally created; and that all shall together make up the Church of the first born in heaven, and, while placed each in his separate office, shall be equally members of Christ: but all of them taken together will be the perfect body of Christ. Hold then to these things, my faithful and discreet disciples, and guard them as my unhesitating definitions of truth; but for the same doctrines pronounce your condemnation upon Origen; so you will do well. Fare ye well."

Didymus, the blind teacher of Alexandria. Jerome who admired him, though he was a disciple of Origen, delights in calling him, in contrast to his blindness, the Seer. c44. You do all this, you know well enough, laughing at us in your sleeve: and you profess penitence merely to deceive those to whom you write. Even if your penitence is sincere, as it should be, what is to become of all those souls who for so many years have been led astray by this poisonous doctrine as you call it which you then professed. Besides, who will ever mend his ways on account of your penitence, when that very document, in which you are at once the penitent, the accuser and the judge, sends your readers back to those same doctrines as those which they are to read and to hold. Lastly, even if these things were not so, yet you yourself, after your penitence, have stopped up every avenue of forgiveness. You say that Origen himself repented of these doctrines, and that he sent a document to that effect to Fabian who was at that time Bishop of the city of Rome; and yet after this repentance of his, and after he has been dead a hundred and fifty years, you drag him into court and call for his condemnation. How is it possible then that you should receive forgiveness, even though you repent, since he who before was penitent for emitting those doctrines gains no forgiveness? He wrote just as you have written: he repented as you have repented. You ought therefore either both of you to be absolved for your repentance, or, if you refuse forgiveness to a penitent (which I do not desire to see you insist upon), to be both of you equally condemned. There is a parable of the Gospel which illustrates this. A woman taken in adultery was brought before our Lord by the Jews, so that they might see what judgment he would pronounce according to the law. He, the merciful and pitying Lord, said: "He that is without sin among you let him first cast a stone at her." And then, it is said, they all departed. The Jews, impious and unbelieving though they were, yet blushed through their own consciousness of guilt; since they were sinners, they would not appear publicly as executing vengeance on sinners. And the robber upon the cross, said to the other robber who was hanging like him on a cross, and was blaspheming, "Dost not thou fear God, seeing we are in the same condemnation?" But we condemn in others the things of which we ourselves are conscious; yet we neither blush like the Jews nor are softened like the robber.

John viii.9 cBook II.1. Jerome says that the defenders of Origen are united in a federation of perjury.

2. Jerome's commentaries on Ephesians follow Origen's interpretation of the texts about a secret federation to whom higher truths are to be told.

3. But I follow Christ in condemning all falsehood.

4. Jerome has not only allowed perjury but has practised it.

5. His treatise on Virginity (Ep. xxii to Eustochium) defames all orders of Christians.

6. In his anti-Ciceronian dream he promised never to read or possess heathen books.

7. Yet his works are filled with quotations from them.

8. In his "Best mode of Translation" he relies on the opinions of Cicero and Horace.

9. He confesses his obligations to Porphyry.

8 (2). Jerome at Bethlehem had heathen books copied and taught them to boys.

9 (2). He condemns as heathenish unobjectionable views which he himself holds.

10 (2). He spoke of Paula impiously as the mother-in-law of God.

11. Such impiety is unpardonable.

12. Jerome's boast of his teachers, Didymus and the Jew Baranina.

13. His extravagant praises of Origen.

14. Preface to Origen on Canticles.

15. Preface to Commentary on Micah.

16. Book of Hebrew Names.

17. A story of Origen.

18. Pamphilus the Martyr and his Library.

19. Jerome praises Origen but condemns others for doing the same.

20. Jerome praises the dogmatic as well as the expository works of Origen.

21. Contrast of Jerome's earlier and later attitude towards Origen.

22. The Book of Hebrew Questions.

23. Jerome's attack upon Ambrose.

24. Preface to Didymus on the Holy Spirit.

25. Jerome attacks one Christian writer after another.

26. His treatment of Melania.

27. I never followed Jerome's errors, for which he should do penance.

27 a. But I followed his method of translation.

28. Jerome in condemning me condemns himself.

29. He says I shew Origen to be heretical, yet condemns me.

30. His pretence that the Apology for Origen is not by Pamphilus needs no answer.

31. Others did not translate the Peri 'Archon because they did not know Greek.

32. Jerome's translation of the Scriptures impugned.

33. Authority of the LXX.

34. Has the Church had spurious Scriptures?

35. Danger of altering the Versions of Scripture.

36. Origen's Hexapla -- Its object.

37. St. Paul's method of dealing with erring brethren.

38. How Jerome should have replied to Pammachius.

39. The Books against Jovinian.

40. My translation of the Peri 'Archon was meant to aid in a good cause.

41, 42, 43. Recapitulation of the Apology.

44. An appeal to Pammachius.

45, 46. Why my translations of Origen had created offence, but Jerome's not.

47. A Synod, if called on to condemn Origen, must condemn Jerome also.

42 i have given you
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