General Index to Socrates' Ecclesiastical History.
Abdas, bishop of Persia, [1]157.

Abgarus, unknown person, excommunicated, [2]70.

Ablabius, an eminent orator, ordained a Novatian presbyter, [3]159.

Abramius of Urimi, [4]95.

Abundantius, a military commander, [5]156.

Acacians, a sect, explanation of their views, [6]70; meet at Constantinople, [7]71; meet at Antioch and assent to the Nicene Creed, [8]94.

Acacius, bishop of Amida, [9]164.

Acacius, bishop of Beroea, [10]150.

Acacius, bishop of Cæsarea, [11]37; helps eject Maximus, [12]65; composes a creed, [13]68, [14]69; deposed, [15]70; becomes head of sect (see Acacians), [16]72; with Eudoxius deposes Macedonius, Eleusius, Basil of Ancyra, Dracontius, Neonas, Sophronius, Elpidius, and Cyril, [17]72, [18]84.

Acacius, martyr, [19]153.

Acesius, a Novatian bishop; his conversation with Constantine, [20]17.

Achab (called John), a false accuser of Athanasius, escapes, [21]31.

Achæa, singular custom among the clergy of, [22]132.

Achetas, a deacon, [23]50.

Achillas, bishop of Alexandria, succeeds Peter, [24]3.

Achillas, companion of Arius, [25]5.

Acts of the Apostles, quoted, [26]133.

Adamantius, a bishop in the reign of Constantine, [27]33.

Adamantius, Jewish physician of Alexandria, [28]159.

Adelphius, a bishop, exiled under Constantius, [29]55.

Adrianople, battle of, [30]117.

Adultery, peculiar punishment of, in Rome, [31]127.

Adytum of the Mithreum cleared, [32]79.

Aëtius (called Atheus), a heresiarch, [33]60; character of his heresy, [34]61, [35]98, [36]103, [37]134.

Africanus, an early writer, [38]60.

Agapetus, a Macedonian bishop, accepts the homoousion and supplants Theodosius at Synada, [39]155.

Agapius, an Arian bishop of Ephesus, [40]134.

Agatho, a bishop, exiled under Constantius, [41]55.

Agelius, Novatian bishop, [42]66; expelled by Valens, [43]99; absent from the Synod of Pazum, [44]113; advises Nectarius, [45]122, [46]123; his death, [47]124; was bishop for forty years, [48]129.

Agilo, a general under the rebel Procopius, killed, [49]97.

Alamundarus, a Saracen chief, [50]162.

Alaric, a barbarian chieftain, makes war against Rome, [51]157; takes and sacks Rome, [52]158; proclaims one Attalus mock emperor, [53]158.

Alemanni, a northern race, [54]120, [55]124.

Alexander, bishop of Alexandria, succeeds Achillas, [56]3; writes circulars on Arian heresy, [57]3; collects opinions favorable to himself, [58]6; commended by the Nicene Council, [59]13; present at the Nicene Council, [60]19; his death, [61]20; had deposed Euzoïus, [62]28.

Alexander, bishop of Antioch, [63]157, [64]173.

Alexander, bishop of Constantinople, opposes Arius, [65]34; his death, [66]38.

Alexander, bishop of Jerusalem, [67]173.

Alexander, bishop of Helenopolis, [68]173.

Alexander, the Macedonian (the Great), date from, [69]19; Julian compares himself to him, [70]90; oracle uttered to him, [71]93; Jews dwelt in Alexandria since his day, [72]159.

Alexander, the Paphlagonian, a Novatian presbyter, [73]66.

Alexandrians, an irritable people, [74]105.

Altar, alleged desecration of, by Macarius, [75]29; desecration of, by slaves, [76]171; usually set toward the east, [77]132; the holy table so called, [78]132, [79]140.

Alypius, a presbyter of the Alexandrian church, [80]29.

Amachius, governor of Phrygia, persecutes the Christians, [81]86.

Ambrose, a consul, proclaimed bishop of Milan, [82]113, [83]114; persecuted by Justina, [84]124.

Ammonius, three bishops of the name exiled under Constantius, [85]55.

Ammonius, a companion of Athanasius and unworldly monk, [86]108, [87]109.

Ammonius, a Nitrian monk, [88]160.

Ammonius, a pagan grammarian, [89]126.

Ammonius, a poet, [90]142.

Ammonius, one of the "Tall Brothers," [91]143.

Ammonius, bishop of Laodicea, [92]150.

Ammoun, a monk, history of, [93]106.

Amphilochius, bishop of Iconium, [94]122.

Amphion, bishop of Nicomedia, displaced by Eusebius, [95]20.

Amphitheatre, sports of the, [96]165.

Anagamphus, a bishop, exiled under Constantius, [97]55.

Anastasia, daughter of the emperor Valens, [98]99.

Anastasia, church of the Novatians so called, [99]66.

Anastasia, church of Gregory of Nazianzus, [100]120.

Anastasian baths, [101]99.

Anastasius, bishop of Rome, [102]157.

Anastasius, a presbyter, friend of Nestorius, [103]170.

Anatolius, Semi-Arian bishop of Beroea, [104]95.

Ancoratus, book so called, [105]135.

Andragathius, a philosopher, instructor of John Chrysostom, [106]138.

Andragathius, a general under Maximus, slays Gratian, [107]124.

Angarum, Novatian Council of, [108]129.

Angels, visions of, [109]142, [110]162, [111]166.

Anianus, Semi-Arian bishop of Antioch, exiled, [112]71.

Anicetus, bishop of Rome, [113]130.

Anomoion, term first used at Sardica, [114]47; again, [115]69, [116]84.

'Anomoeans,' [117]74, [118]95, [119]100.

Anthusa, mother of John Chrysostom, [120]138.

Anthemius, prætorian prefect during the minority of Theodosius the Younger, [121]154.

Anthony, a monk of the Egyptian desert, [122]25; study of nature, by, [123]107; congratulates Didymus, [124]110.

Anthony, bishop of Germa, persecutes the Macedonians, [125]170.

'Anthropomorphitæ,' [126]144.

Antichrist, [127]3.

Antioch, Synods of, [128]27, [129]38, [130]73, [131]94; a canon of, [132]150, [133]173; creed of, [134]39, [135]40, [136]70, [137]84, [138]97; the Emperor Constantius resides in, [139]41; divisions at, [140]73, [141]80, [142]83, [143]119, [144]121, [145]122, [146]125, [147]126.

Antiochenes, irritable temper of, [148]88.

Antiochicus and MisopOgOn, book so called, [149]88.

Antiochus, bishop of Ptolemais in Phoenicia, [150]146.

Antipater, Semi-Arian bishop of Rhosus, [151]95.

Antiphonal singing, [152]144, [153]165.

Antirrheticus, treatise of Evagrius, [154]107.

Anubion, a bishop in the reign of Constantine, [155]33.

Aphaca, [156]22.

Apollinaris, bishop of Hierapolis, [157]81.

Apollinaris, the elder, a learned man, [158]74.

Apollinaris of Laodicea (son of the former), [159]74, [160]75; peculiar views of, [161]86.

Apollinarians, a sect, [162]74, [163]75.

Apostles, church so called, [164]21, [165]35, [166]148, [167]177.

Apostles, mission-fields of, [168]23; council of, [169]133.

Apotheoses, pagan, [170]93, [171]94.

Applauding a preacher, [172]159.

Arabian, Semi-Arian bishop of Andros, [173]95.

Aratus, the Astronomer, [174]88.

Arbathion, a bishop in the reign of Constantine, [175]33.

Arbogastes, a commander under Valentinian the Younger with Eugenius murders his master, [176]135; commits suicide, [177]136.

Arcadius, emperor, son of Theodosius the Great, [178]114; proclaimed Augustus, [179]122; left with imperial authority at Constantinople, [180]124; assumes the government of the East, [181]137; summons John Chrysostom to Constantinople to become bishop, [182]138; commits the charge of affairs among the Goths to Gaïnas, [183]141; makes terms with him after he had rebelled, [184]141; proclaims him a public enemy, defeats and slays him, [185]142; his son Theodosius, the good, is born, [186]142; banishes John Chrysostom, [187]149; refuses to attend church on account of John, [188]151; banishes him again, [189]151; his death, [190]153.

Archdeacon, office of, [191]156.

Archelaus, governor of Syria, [192]30.

Archelaus, opponent of Manichæism, [193]26.

Ardaburius, Roman general, wages war with the Persians, [194]162, [195]163; sent against the usurper John, [196]165.

Areobindus, a Roman general, [197]162.

Arian controversy, beginning of, [198]3; occasion of, the misunderstanding of the word homoousios, [199]27; revival of, [200]36.

Arians, dissensions among, [201]72- 74, [202]123, [203]134; inconsistency of, [204]74; persecutions by, [205]57, [206]66, [207]103, [208]105; expelled from the churches by Theodosius, [209]129; excite a tumult in Constantinople, [210]125; set on fire the bishop's residence, [211]125; their meetings and nocturnal singing, [212]144.

Ariminum, [213]56; council of, [214]61, [215]67, [216]84, [217]101, [218]102; creed of, [219]61, [220]62; epistle of, to the Emperor Constantius, [221]63.

Aristotle, the ancient philosopher, [222]60, [223]93.

Arius, a presbyter in Alexandria, incited to controvert the unity of the Trinity, [224]3; relations to Melitianism, [225]6; anathematized by the Nicene Council, [226]10; exiled, [227]10; writes a book Thalia which is condemned, [228]13; procures his recall by feigning repentance, [229]20; goes to Constantinople, obtains interview with the emperor, feigns assent to the Nicene Creed, [230]28; recantation, [231]28, [232]29; returns to Alexandria, [233]29; Athanasius refuses to receive him, [234]29, [235]33; renews his efforts to spread his views, [236]29; is reinstated, [237]34; excites commotion in the church of Alexandria, [238]34; is summoned by the emperor to Constantinople, [239]34; his death, [240]34, [241]35; his dissimulation, [242]60.

Arius, partisans of, denounced by Alexander, bishop of Alexandria, [243]3.

Arrenius, bishop of Jerusalem, succeeds Cyril, [244]74.

Arsacius, bishop of Constantinople, succeeds John Chrysostom, [245]151.

Arsenius, Melitian bishop, alleged victim of Anthanasius' witchcraft, [246]30; appears before the council of Tyre, [247]31.

Arsenius, Egyptian monk, [248]106.

Ascholius, bishop of Thessalonica, attends the Synod of Constantinople, [249]121.

Asclepas, bishop of Gaza, expelled, [250]42; restored to his see, [251]51.

Asclepiades, Novatian bishop, his defense of their views, [252]167.

Aspar, son of Ardaburius, delivers his father and seizes the usurper John, [253]166.

Asterius, an Arian rhetorician, [254]33; excommunicated, [255]70.

Athanaric, king of the Goths, [256]115; submits to Theodosius, [257]122; his death, [258]122.

Athanasius, Semi-Arian bishop of Ancyra, [259]95.

Athanasius, bishop of Alexandria, opposes Arianism in the Council of Nicæa while yet a deacon, [260]9; quoted, [261]19; succeeds to the see of Alexandria, [262]20; incident in his childhood, [263]20; Life of Anthony by, [264]25, [265]106; his ordination objected to, [266]26; refuses to receive Arius, [267]29; is therefore threatened by Constantine and conspired against, [268]29; accused of treason, declared innocent by the emperor, course taken by his opponents, [269]29, [270]30; hesitates to appear before the Council of Tyre, but does so when menaced by the emperor, [271]30; confounds his enemies, [272]31; protests against the participation of his personal enemies in the council which was trying him and withdraws from their jurisdiction, [273]31; appeals to the emperor, [274]32; the Synod deposes him, [275]32; banished by Constantine, [276]33; recalled and reinstated by Constantine the Younger, [277]37; returns to Alexandria and is joyfully welcomed, but is again banished, [278]37; escapes, [279]40; is accused of peculation, threatened with death, and flies to Rome, [280]42; appeals to the emperor and returns to Rome, [281]43; demands that a Synod should be convened to take cognizance of his deposition, [282]46; reinstated by the Council of Sardica, [283]47; recalled by Constantius, [284]49; repairs to Rome, [285]50; returns to the East, is admitted to an interview by Constantius, and restored by him to his see, [286]51; proceeds to Jerusalem, proposes a council of bishops, which is convened there by Maximus, [287]52; arouses hostility among the Arians by this course, [288]53; passes to Alexandria and on the way performs ordinations, thus occasioning fresh accusations against himself, [289]53; convenes a council of bishops in Egypt, [290]53; the emperor withdraws the immunities granted him and commands that he be put to death, [291]54; escapes by flight, [292]54; his account of the atrocities inflicted on Christians by George, [293]54, [294]55; a council of bishops assembles at Milan to condemn him, [295]60; their object is thwarted, [296]60; his attack on the creed of Ariminum, [297]62, [298]63; restored to the see of Alexandria, [299]80; with Eusebius of Vercellæ calls a council together, [300]81; his Apology for his Flight, [301]82, [302]83; Julian issues an edict for his arrest, but he escapes by flight and secretly returns to Alexandria, [303]86; after the death of Julian he is restored to the see of Alexandria, [304]94, [305]96; hides himself in his father's tomb for four months, [306]103; the emperor reinstates him, [307]103; his influence over Valens, [308]105; his death, [309]105; quoted, [310]106, [311]108.

Athenaïs, the pagan name of the empress Eudocia, [312]164.

Athenodorus, a bishop, exiled under Constantius, [313]55.

Athens, school of, [314]77.

Attalus, made mock-emperor by Alaric, [315]158.

Atticus, bishop of Constantinople, ordained, [316]151; friendship of, with Sisinnus the Novatian, [317]153; his character and learning, [318]154; progress of Christianity during his administration, [319]155; receives Persian suppliants, [320]162; his Christian benevolence, [321]166; labors to abolish superstitions, [322]167; changes the names of certain places, [323]167; his death, [324]167; succeeded by Sisinnius, [325]168.

Atys, a pagan priest, the founder of certain Phrygian rites, deified, [326]93.

Aurelian, a consular, delivered up to Gaïnas, [327]141.

Auxanon, a Novatian presbyter, [328]19; cruelly treated, [329]66.

Auxentius, Arian bishop of Milan, refuses to anathematize Arius, [330]62; deposed by the Synod of Ariminum, [331]63; death of, [332]113.

Azazene, captives from, ransomed by Acacius of Amida, [333]164.

Babylas, martyr, the relics of, [334]88.

Babylon, [335]25.

Bacurius, a prince among the Iberians, [336]25.

Bacurius, an officer under Theodosius, [337]135.

Baptism, of Constantine the Great, [338]35; of Constantius, [339]75; of Theodosius the Great, [340]120; of Eudocia, [341]164; customs respecting, [342]132, [343]155, [344]161, [345]170; form of, changed by some Arians, [346]135; name given at, [347]164; great sins after, treatment of, [348]17, [349]112, [350]128, [351]132, [352]152, [353]167.

Barbas, Arian bishop, succeeds Dorotheus, [354]156; his death, [355]170.

Barlamenus, Semi-Arian bishop of Pergamus, [356]95.

Bartholomew, the apostle, goes to India, [357]23.

Basil, bishop of Ancyra, sent to Ancyra, [358]34, [359]51, [360]55, [361]56; opposes Photinus, [362]58; fails to appear at the Synod of Seleucia, [363]68; deposed by Acacius, [364]72; petitions Jovian, [365]94.

Basil, bishop of Cappadocia, quoted, [366]108.

Basil, bishop of Cæsarea, labors against the Arian heresy, [367]110; a pupil of Himerius and Prohæresius, [368]110; also of Libanius, III; studies Origen, [369]111; ordained a deacon, [370]111; becomes bishop, [371]111; is threatened with martyrdom, but escapes, [372]111; companion of John Chrysostom, [373]139.

Basilicus, excommunicated, [374]70.

Beryllus, bishop of Philadelphia, heresy of, [375]81.

Berytus, [376]3, [377]27; school of, [378]74.

Bethlehem, church built in, [379]21.

Bishops, contentiousness of many, [380]26, [381]27, [382]118; dress of, [383]72, [384]152; thrones used by, [385]73, [386]149, [387]155; translations irregular, [388]73; not forbidden, [389]173; strife at election of, [390]113, [391]138, [392]169, [393]172, [394]177; not to interfere with one another, [395]121, [396]148; respect shown to, [397]146; benediction given by, [398]149; only one in a city, [399]152; departed, mention of, in church service, [400]166.

Boniface, bishop of Rome, succeeds Zosimus, [401]158.

Briso, bishop of Philippi, [402]150.

Briso, eunuch in the service of Eudoxia, [403]149.

Britain, Christians of, [404]15; a Novatian bishop lord-lieutenant of, [405]158.

Buddas (previously called Terebinthus), his death, [406]25.

Burgundians, conversion of, [407]169, [408]170.

Byzantium, enlarged by Constantine the Great and called Constantinople, [409]19-21.

Cæsarea in Palestine, Eusebius Pamphilus writes to, [410]11, [411]39.

Cæsareum, church called so in Alexandria, [412]160.

Cæsars, the, Julian's work entitled, [413]92.

Caius, bishop, exiled under Constantius, [414]55.

Callicrates, bishop of Claudiopolis, [415]94.

Callinicus, a Melitian, used as tool against Athanasius, [416]29.

Calliopius, a presbyter, [417]166.

Callistus, one of Julian's body-guards, writes poetry, [418]90.

Calvary, a temple of Venus erected on its summit by Hadrian, [419]21.

Candles, lighted, used at prayers in the churches of Achæa, [420]132; of Thessaly, and among the Novatians of Constantinople, [421]132.

Canons, passed by the Nicene Council, [422]19; Athanasius charged of violating, [423]38; Macedonius installed contrary to, [424]43.

Carosa, daughter of the Emperor Valens, [425]99.

Carterius, an ascetic, [426]139.

Carterius, a Macedonian, [427]135.

Carya, building called, [428]153.

'Cataphrygians,' the, a sect, [429]63.

Catechising, [430]10.

Catechumens, in the ancient church, [431]114, [432]132.

Celestinus, bishop of Rome, succeeds Boniface, [433]158.

Ceras, bay of Constantinople, [434]66.

Ceremonial law abrogated, [435]130.

Chalcedon, walls of, destroyed, [436]99.

Chalice, story of the broken, [437]30.

Chanters in the ancient church, how chosen, [438]132.

Chrestus, bishop of Nicæa, displaced by Theognis, [439]20.

Christianity, ridiculed on account of the Arian controversy, [440]5; its dissemination among the 'Indians' (Ethiopians), [441]23; the Iberians, [442]24; the Goths, [443]115; the Persians, [444]157; the Burgundians, [445]170.

Christians, their dissensions characterized by outrages, [446]40; exposed to persecution and torture, [447]55; real and spurious made manifest by Julian's treatment, [448]85; persecuted under Julian, [449]85, [450]86, [451]89; a philosopher's opinion on differences between them, [452]115; slaughtered by the Jews at Alexandria, [453]159; those in Persia persecuted, [454]162.

Chrysanthus, Novatian bishop of Constantinople, succeeds Sisinnius, [455]156, [456]158; his character and virtues, [457]158; his death, [458]161.

Chrysopolis, [459]2.

Church, history of, written by Eusebius, [460]1; relations to State, [461]118.

Churches, at Nicæa, [462]8; at Constantinople, [463]21, [464]38, [465]43, [466]66, [467]67, [468]73, [469]96, [470]99, [471]120, [472]140, [473]141, [474]146, [475]147, [476]148, [477]150, [478]171, [479]175, [480]177; at Bethlehem, [481]21; at Jerusalem, [482]21; at Heliopolis, [483]22; near the Oak of Mamre, [484]22; in 'India' (Ethiopia), [485]23; in Iberia, [486]24; at Antioch, [487]38, [488]97, [489]119, [490]120, [491]126; at Alexandria, [492]40, [493]51, [494]55, [495]78, [496]80, [497]156, [498]159, [499]160; at Seleucia, [500]67, [501]68; at Cyzicus, [502]85; at Edessa, [503]104; at Rome, [504]109, [505]158; at Milan, [506]113; at Chalcedon, [507]141, [508]150; at Ancyra, [509]152.

Cinaron, place where Hypatia's limbs were burnt, [510]160.

Clearchus, governor of Constantinople under Valens, [511]99.

Clemens of Alexandria, an early writer, [512]60, [513]81.

Cleomedes, a pugilist, deified, [514]94.

Clergy, marriage of, [515]18, [516]132.

Coeternity of the Son of God, [517]4, [518]48, [519]60, [520]123.

Co-inoriginacy of the Son, [521]45.

Colossians, Epistle to the, [522]130.

Comana, death of Chrysostom at, [523]151.

Comet of a prodigious magnitude, [524]141.

Conflict between the Constantinopolitans and the Alexandrians, [525]149; between the Jews and Christians at Alexandria, [526]159.

Constans, the youngest son of Constantine the Great, [527]35; favors Athanasius and Paul, [528]42, [529]44; threatens war against his brother Constantius, [530]49; treacherously slain by Magnentius, [531]53; is presented a creed, [532]72.

Constantia, wife of Licinius and sister of Constantine the Great, [533]2; interests herself in behalf of Arius, [534]28; death of, [535]28.

Constantia, a town in Palestine, [536]22.

Constantianæ, bath so named, [537]99.

Constantine, the Great, his life written by Eusebius, [538]1; proclaimed emperor, [539]1; conversion of, [540]2; conflict with Licinius, [541]2; proclaimed Autocrat, [542]3; sends Hosius to Alexander and Arius, [543]6; convokes the Synod of Nicæa, [544]8; his letters against Arius, Eusebius of Nicomedia, and Theognis, [545]13-15; his letter to Eusebius Pamphilus on copying the Scriptures, [546]16; to Macarius on building a church, [547]16; exhorts the Nicomedians to choose another bishop, [548]17; summons Acesius the Novatian to the Synod, [549]17; his devout character, [550]18; transfers the government of the empire to Constantinople and names the city New Rome, [551]20; builds churches in it, [552]20; adorns it, [553]21; appropriates the nails of the Saviour's cross, [554]21; abolishes gladiatorial combats, [555]22; effects various reforms, [556]22; progress of Christianity under him, [557]25; receives an Arian presbyter and invites Arius to his presence, [558]26; orders Athanasius to receive Arius, [559]29; summons the Council of Tyre to the New Jerusalem, [560]32; banishes Athanasius, [561]33; receives Arius, [562]34; baptism, happy death, and obsequies, [563]35; tomb and ashes removed by Macedonius, [564]67.

Constantine II., eldest son of Constantine the Great, [565]35; recalls and reinstates Athanasius, [566]37; writes to the church of Alexandria, [567]37; again banishes Athanasius, [568]37; invades the dominions of Constans, and is slain, [569]37, [570]53.

Constantine's Forum, [571]35.

Constantinople, named New Rome, [572]21; embellished, [573]21; disturbance at, about the choice of a bishop, [574]38, [575]41; councils held at, [576]71, [577]73, [578]121, [579]122, [580]129, [581]150; populousness of, [582]104, [583]174; patriarchial dignity of its see, [584]121, [585]168.

Constantius I., father of Constantine the Great, his death, [586]1.

Constantius II., second son of Constantine the Great, [587]35; succeeds his father and favors an Arian presbyter, [588]36; transfers Eusebius of Nicomedia to Constantinople, [589]38; expels Paul, [590]38; deprives the inhabitants of Constantinople of aid granted by his father, [591]41; orders Paul to be expelled by force, [592]42; summons the Eastern bishops to a conference, [593]49; sustains a check in the war with Persia, [594]53; proclaimed sole emperor of the East, [595]53; persecutes opponents of Arianism, [596]54; makes Gallus Cæsar, [597]55; resides at Sirmium, [598]59; goes to Rome, [599]59; convokes a synod, [600]59; puts Gallus to death and raises his brother to the dignity of Cæsar, [601]59; favors the Arian heresy and writes a letter to the Synod of Ariminum, [602]64; is baptized by Euzoïus and dies of apoplexy, [603]75, [604]77.

Constantius, brother of Constantine the Great, and father of Julian, [605]76.

Cordova in Spain, [606]6.

Corinth, metropolitan see subject to Rome, [607]173.

Corinthians, First Epistle to, [608]106.

Cornelius, bishop of Rome, [609]112.

Council, an ecumenical first summoned, [610]8; appeal to, [611]149.

Councils, the largest, convoked by emperors, [612]118; provincial, [613]122.

Creed, original form of, propounded at the Nicene Council, [614]10, [615]11; propounded by Narcissus, Theodore, Maris and Mark, [616]44; the 'Lengthy,' [617]45, [618]46; the 'Dated,' [619]61; form of, drawn up by Acacius, [620]69; revised form of the 'Dated,' [621]70, [622]71; are approved by Ulfilas, [623]72.

Creeds, of Antioch, [624]39, [625]40; of Sirmium, [626]56, [627]57, [628]61; list of, [629]72.

Cross, appearance of, in the sky, to Constantine, [630]2; to Gallus, [631]55; discovery of the true, [632]21; sign of, appears on Jews' cloaks, [633]89; discovered among the hieroglyphics of the Serapeum, [634]126, [635]127; used in processions, [636]144.

Crucifixion, of a boy, [637]161; of Christians at Alexandria, [638]79.

Cubricus, also called Manes, [639]25.

Cucusus, Paul, bishop of Constantinople strangled at, [640]54, [641]122.

Cyprus, Council of bishops of, [642]145.

Cyril, bishop of Alexandria, succeeds Theophilus, [643]156; persecutes and plunders the Novatians, [644]156; expels the Jews, [645]159; seeks the approval of Orestes, the prefect, [646]159; guilt of, for the murder of Hypatia, [647]160; deposed by John of Antioch, [648]172.

Cyril, bishop of Jerusalem, installed, [649]65; appeals to the emperor against the decision of a synod, [650]70; ejected by Acacius, [651]72; reinstated, [652]74; recognizes fulfillment of prophecy, [653]89, [654]96; still bishop at the accession of Theodosius the Great, [655]119; attends the Synod of Constantinople, [656]121; his death, [657]126.

Cyrinus, bishop of Chalcedon, [658]148, [659]151.

Cyrus, bishop of Beroea, [660]27, [661]39.

Dalmatius, brother of Constantine the Great, [662]76.

Dalmatius, nephew of Constantine the Great, appointed to investigate charges against Athanasius, [663]30; slain, [664]53.

Dalmatius, an ascetic, ordained bishop of Cyzicus, [665]168.

Damasus, bishop of Rome, receives the deposed bishop of Alexandria, [666]106; occasions commotion at Rome, [667]113; furnishes Peter with letters, [668]117; still occupies his see at the accession of Theodosius, [669]119; reconciled to Flavian, [670]126; his death, [671]157.

Daphne, Apollo of, [672]88, [673]89.

Deacon, a, announces a prayer in church, [674]40; a messenger of Lucifer, [675]80; a, brings scandal upon the Constantinople church, [676]128.

Decentius, brother of Magnentius, hangs himself, [677]59.

Decius, persecutes the church, [678]17, [679]112, [680]128.

Demophilus, Arian bishop, vacillation of, [681]61; refuses to anathematize Arius, [682]62; deposed, [683]63; installed bishop of Constantinople, [684]103; retains his see at the time of Theodosius, [685]119; prefers to leave Constantinople rather than accept the homoousion, [686]120; his death, [687]124.

Desecration of the altar of the Great Church, [688]171.

Deserter, a Persian, his false report, and the burning of the provision-ships, [689]91.

Didymus, a celebrated blind scholar, quoted, [690]108; account of, [691]110.

Didymus, a monk, lived to be ninety years old, [692]106.

Digamists, [693]132.

Dio-Cæsarea, Jews revolt at, and occasion the destruction of, by Gallus, [694]59.

Diocletian, persecution under, [695]1, [696]85, [697]87; goes into retirement, [698]2; death of, [699]2.

Diodorus, bishop of Tarsus, invested with the administration of the churches in the East, [700]122, [701]139.

Diogenes, the cynic philosopher, condemns Apollo, [702]94.

Dionysius, the consul, summons the Council of Tyre, [703]30.

Dionysius, bishop of Alba, exiled by Constantius, [704]60.

Dionysius, author of Corona, [705]93.

Dioscorus, bishop of Hermopolis, one of the 'Tall Monks,' [706]143; accepts Origen's views, [707]143; comes to Constantinople, [708]144; incurs the anger of Theophilus, [709]145; excommunicated by Epiphanius, [710]148; his death, [711]150.

Dioscorus, a presbyter, exiled under Constantius, [712]55.

Discipline, among Novatians, [713]17, [714]112; among Macedonians and Quartodecimans, [715]132, [716]133.

Discussion, religious, bad effect of, [717]22, [718]26, [719]123; general, proposed by Theodosius, [720]122; between Theophilus of Alexandria and the monks, [721]142, [722]143.

Ditheism, disclaimed, [723]46; condemned, [724]56.

Divination, pagan, infamous rite at, [725]86; incites Valens to slay many, [726]105.

Dominica, wife of Valens, impressed with visions respecting the bishop Basil intercedes with the emperor on his behalf, [727]111; distributes pay to volunteers, [728]118.

Domitian, prætorian prefect, [729]59.

Dorotheus, Arian bishop of Antioch, [730]119; transferred to Constantinople, [731]124; his views, [732]134.

Dorotheus, a presbyter, [733]70.

Dositheus, bishop of Seleucia, [734]173.

Dracilian, charged to embellish the church at Jerusalem, [735]17.

Dracontius, Semi-Arian bishop of Pergamus deposed by Acacius, [736]72, [737]73.

Drepanum, called Helenopolis by Constantius the Great, [738]21, [739]22.

Drownings in the Orontes, [740]97, [741]104.

Earthquakes, at Antioch, [742]40; in Bithynia, [743]67; at Jerusalem preventing the rebuilding of the temple of the Jews, [744]89; at Constantinople and other cities, doing great damage, [745]97; in Bithynia and elsewhere taken as an omen, [746]100.

Easter, discussions as to right time of observance of, [747]8, [748]15, [749]131; week of, [750]55; observance among Novatians, [751]112, [752]129, [753]130; among other peoples in various places, [754]131; time not changed by the Nicene Council, [755]133.

Eastern bishops disclaim the interference of the see of Rome, [756]42.

Eastern and Western churches, separation of, [757]49.

Ecclesiastical History, the author's reasons for revising this work on, [758]36; fit style for, [759]76; bound up with civil affairs, [760]118.

Ecebolius, the sophist, [761]76; his hypocrisy, [762]85.

'Economy,' the, of incarnation, [763]46, [764]48, [765]75.

Edesius, visits 'India' (Ethiopia), aids in the dissemination of Christianity, and is appointed bishop of Tyre, [766]23.

Edessa, study of Greek at, [767]39; Athanasius' presbyters at, [768]50; persecutions at, [769]104.

Eleusius, Semi-Arian bishop of Cyzicus, [770]66; his cruel persecution of the orthodox, [771]67-69; deposed by Acacius, [772]72; associated with Macedonius, [773]72, [774]73; professes the Arian creed, repents and advises his people to choose another bishop, but is persuaded by them to remain among them, [775]97, [776]98; his flock erect an edifice without the city, [777]98; superseded by Eunomius at Cyzicus, [778]98; attends Synod of Constantinople, [779]121; draws up views for Theodosius I., [780]123.

Elpidius, bishop of Satala, deposed by Acacius, [781]72.

Empedocles, a heathen philosopher, [782]25.

Ephesus, school of, [783]76; visited by Chrysostom, [784]146; Council of, [785]172.

Epicureans, a sect of philosophers, [786]87.

Epimenides, a philosopher of Crete, [787]88.

Epiphanius, a sophist, [788]74.

Epiphanius, bishop of Cyprus, author of Ancoratus, [789]135; instigated by Theophilus of Alexandria, condemns Origen and calls on John to do so, [790]145; goes to Constantinople and performs uncanonical ordinations, [791]147; is warned by John, departs from Constantinople, and dies on the return voyage, [792]148.

Epistle, of Alexander, bishop of Alexandria, denouncing the Arian heresy, [793]3-5; of Constantine to Arius and Alexander, [794]6, [795]7; of the Nicene Council, announcing its decisions, [796]12, [797]13; of Constantine, to the bishops and people against the impiety of Porphyry and Arius, [798]13, [799]14; of the same, to the churches relative to Easter, [800]14-16; of the same, to Eusebius Pamphilus and bishops elsewhere relative to the erection and maintenance of church edifices, [801]16; of the same, to Eusebius Pamphilus relative to the preparation of copies of the Scriptures, [802]16; of the same, to Macarius, relative to the site of the holy sepulchre, [803]16, [804]17; of the same, to the Synod of Tyre, [805]32; of the Synod of Antioch to bishops, [806]39; another, [807]40; of Constantius to Athanasius, [808]49, [809]50; of Julius, bishop of Rome, to Alexandria on behalf of Athanasius, [810]50, [811]51; of Constantius, announcing the restoration of Athanasius, [812]51, [813]52; of the same, to the laity, [814]52; of the same, rescinding the enactments against Athanasius, [815]52; of the Council of Ariminum to Constantius, [816]63; of Constantius to the Council of Ariminum, [817]64; second, of the Council of Ariminum to Constantius, [818]65; of Julian to the citizens of Alexandria, on the murder of George, [819]79, [820]80; of the Synod of Macedonians and Acacians convened at Antioch to Jovian, [821]94, [822]95; of the Arians to Liberius, bishop of Rome, [823]101; of Liberius to the Arians, [824]101, [825]102; of the apostles and elders at Jerusalem to the church at Antioch, [826]134; of Atticus to Calliopius, [827]166.

'Eternal Fatherhood,' denied by Arius, [828]4; admitted verbally by later Arians, [829]134.

Ethiopica, book under that title, [830]132.

Eucharist, celebrated on Saturday and Sunday, [831]131, [832]158; received fasting, [833]131; not administered to heretics, [834]143; nor to those under censure, [835]144; variously celebrated, [836]131.

Eudæmon, a Melitian, used as a tool against Athanasius, [837]29.

Eudæmon, a presbyter of the Constantinopolitan church, counsels the abolition of the penitentiary presbyterate, [838]128; remarks by the author, [839]128.

Eudocia, wife of the Emperor Theodosius II., writes poem, [840]164; goes to Jerusalem, [841]178.

Eudoxia, wife of the Emperor Arcadius, provides silver crosses for the Homoousians, [842]144; incites Epiphanius against John, [843]148; her silver statue, [844]150; her death, [845]151.

Eudoxia, daughter of Theodosius II., [846]177.

Eudoxius, bishop of Germanicia, [847]44; installs himself in the see of Antioch, [848]61; deposed, [849]68, [850]70; gives place to Anianus, [851]71; promoted to the see of Constantinople, [852]73, [853]96; his impious jesting, [854]73; disturbs the church of Alexandria, [855]103; his death, [856]103.

Eugenius, a usurper, appointed chief secretary to Valentinian II., causes his master to be strangled and assumes supreme authority, [857]135; is defeated and beheaded by Theodosius I., [858]136.

Eulalius, bishop of Cæsarea, [859]72.

Eunomians, a sect, [860]6; formerly called Aëtians, [861]60.

Eunomieutychians, followers of Eutychius, [862]135.

Eunomiotheophronians, followers of Theophronius, [863]135.

Eunomius, Anomoean bishop of Cyzicus, head of the sect of Eunomians, [864]60; appointed to supersede Eleusius in Cyzicus, [865]98; his heretical views, [866]98; seeks refuge in Constantinople, [867]98; specimens of his impiety, [868]98; separates from Eudoxius, [869]103; leader of Arians, [870]111; draws up statement of the faith for Theodosius I., [871]123; holds meetings privately, [872]128, [873]129; his followers divided, [874]134.

Eunuchs, influence of, at court, [875]36.

Euphemia, a martyr, [876]141.

Euphronius, bishop of Antioch, [877]27; succeeded by Placitus, [878]38.

Euripides, ancient tragic poet, [879]88.

Eusebia, wife of Constantius, [880]77.

Eusebius, bishop of Cæsarea, surnamed Pamphilus, writes a history of the Church, [881]1; quoted, [882]6, [883]8, [884]9; retracts his dissent from the Nicene Creed, [885]10; his views of the Creed, [886]10- 12; written to by Constantine, [887]16; undertakes to record Constantine's deeds, [888]21; censured by some, [889]22; treated of Manes, [890]25; quoted, [891]26; denies accusation by Eustathius and makes a countercharge, [892]27; refuses the vacant see of Antioch and is commended therefor by Constantine, [893]27; refutes the heresy of Marcellus, [894]34; his death, [895]37; review and defense of his writings, and quotations from the same, [896]47, [897]48; refuted Julian's writings, [898]93; quoted, [899]131, [900]171, [901]173.

Eusebius, bishop of Emisa, early career, [902]39; made bishop of Alexandria, [903]39.

Eusebius, bishop of Nicomedia, previously of Berytus, [904]3; indorses Arius, [905]3, [906]5, [907]6, [908]8; refuses his assent to the Nicene Creed, [909]10; exiled, [910]10; recalled from exile, [911]20; copy of his recantation, [912]20; returns to his heretical course, [913]26; conspires against Athanasius, [914]29, [915]33; renews efforts to introduce Arianism, [916]36; is transferred to the see of Constantinople, [917]38; sends a deputation to Rome, [918]40; his death, [919]41.

Eusebius, bishop of Vercellæ, exiled by Constantius, [920]60; recalled from exile, [921]80; goes to Alexandria, [922]80; travels through the East to bring unity in the Church, [923]83, [924]84.

Eusebius, eunuch, Arian, introduces Arianism into the palace, [925]36; put to death by the Emperor Julian, [926]78.

Eusebius, 'Scholasticus,' author of the Gaïnea, [927]142.

Eusebius, one of the 'Tall Monks,' [928]143.

Eusebius, unknown person, excommunicated, [929]70.

Eusebius, a consul, [930]68.

Eustathius, bishop of Antioch, [931]17; accuses Eusebius Pamphilus, [932]27; deposed, [933]27, [934]39; various reasons for this, [935]27; a follower of Macedonius, [936]84; ordains Evagrius to the see of Constantinople, [937]103; is banished by Valens, [938]103; a reviler of Origen, [939]147.

Eustathius, bishop of Sebastia in Armenia, present at the Synod of Seleucia, [940]68; deposed for impious practices, [941]72; joins the Marathonians, [942]74; heads a deputation to the Emperor Valentinian, [943]100-102; proceeds to Sicily, [944]102.

Eustathius, an unknown person, deposed, [945]70.

Eustolium, an immoral woman, [946]54.

Euthymius, one of the 'Tall Monks,' [947]143.

Eutropius, a Macedonian presbyter, [948]135.

Eutropius, chief eunuch of the imperial bed-chamber under Arcadius, opposes Chrysostom, [949]138; provokes him to write an oration against himself, [950]140; incurs the emperor's displeasure and is beheaded, [951]140.

Eutychian, a Novatian presbyter, [952]19; miraculous effects attributed to his sanctity, [953]19.

Eutychius, unknown person excommunicated, [954]70.

Eutychius, Semi-Arian bishop of Eleutheropolis, [955]95.

Eutychius, leader among the Eunomians, founds the faction of the 'Eunomioeutychians,' [956]135.

Euxine Sea, [957]24.

Euzoïus, Arian bishop of Antioch, as deacon associates with Arius and is exiled, [958]28; returns from exile, [959]28; recants, [960]29; received by the Synod of Tyre, [961]32; promoted to the see of Antioch, [962]73; baptizes Constantine, [963]75; holds the churches at Antioch, [964]84; attempts to depose Peter and install Lucius, [965]105; his death, [966]116; succeeded by Dorotheus, [967]119.

Evagrius, bishop of Mitylene, deposed, [968]70; elected bishop of Constantinople by the orthodox, but banished by the emperor, [969]103.

Evagrius, a Christian writer, disciple of two Egyptian monks, both named Macarius, [970]107; deacon in the church of Constantinople, [971]107; titles of his books, [972]81, [973]107; quotations from, [974]107, [975]108, [976]161; avoids bishopric, his excuse, [977]109.

Evagrius, bishop of Antioch, succeeds Paulinus, [978]125, [979]138, [980]139.

Evagrius, Semi-Arian bishop of Sicily, [981]95.

Excommunication, [982]74, [983]130, [984]158.

Exemption of clerics from civil office, [985]52, [986]71.

Exorcism, [987]109.

'Expansion,' Marcellus' theory of, [988]57.

'Exucontians,' a sect, [989]74.

Famine, in Phrygia, [990]104; among the Persian prisoners, [991]164.

Fasting, in distress, [992]34; prescribed by Eustathius, [993]72; forbidden on Sundays, [994]72, [995]131; imposed as penance, [996]128; various customs relative to, [997]131; required before baptism, [998]161.

Fatalism, taught by Manes, [999]26.

Felix, Arian bishop of Rome, appointed, [1000]65; expelled, [1001]65.

Festivals, Christian, origin of, [1002]130.

Fidelis, a person of the name, excommunicated, [1003]70.

Fire, causes destruction at Constantinople, [1004]17; from heaven consumes the iron tools of the Jews, [1005]89; Persians worship, [1006]157.

Firmus, bishop of Cæsarea, [1007]178.

Flaccilla, first wife of Theodosius the Great, [1008]114; bears him a son, [1009]124.

Flavian, bishop of Antioch, a candidate for the episcopacy, [1010]119; made bishop, [1011]122; other bishops combine against him, [1012]123; uses all means to counteract their influence, [1013]125; his death, [1014]157.

'Fortune,' goddess of, [1015]85.

Franks, a northern race, invade the Roman territories, [1016]40; subdued by the consul Constans, [1017]41.

Fravitus, a Goth, honored with the office of consul, [1018]142.

Fritigernes, chief of a division of the Goths, [1019]115.

Frumentius, missionary bishop in 'India' (Ethiopia), [1020]23; appointed bishop, [1021]23.

Funeral rites, of Constantine the Great, [1022]35; of Paul, bishop of Constantinople, [1023]122; of Theodosius the Great, [1024]137; of the 'Tall Monk' Dioscorus, [1025]150; of Maximian, bishop of Constantinople, [1026]175; of John Chrysostom, [1027]177; of Paul the Novatian, [1028]177.

Gaïnas, a Goth, commander-in-chief of the Roman army, [1029]140; rebels against the Romans, [1030]141; approaches Constantinople with an army, [1031]141; is proclaimed a public enemy, [1032]142; defeated, flees to Thrace, and is slain, [1033]142.

Gaïnea, a book written by Eusebius Scholasticus, [1034]142.

Gaïus, Arian bishop, refuses to anathematize Arius, [1035]62; deposed by the Synod of Ariminum, [1036]63.

Galates, son of Valens, [1037]111.

Galatians, Epistle of the, [1038]130.

Galerius, surname of Maximus, [1039]1.

'Galilæans,' Christians called by Julian, [1040]85.

Galla, wife of Theodosius the Great, and daughter of Valentinian I., [1041]114.

Gallus, Cæsar, nephew of Constantine the Great, invested with the sovereignty of Syria, [1042]55; destroys Dio-Cæsarea, [1043]59; attempts innovations, and is slain therefor by order of Constantius, [1044]59, [1045]77.

Gangra, Synod of, [1046]72.

'Generation, the Eternal,' [1047]33.

George, a learned Arian presbyter, [1048]156.

George, Arian bishop of Laodicea, [1049]27; gives an account of Eusebius of Emisa, [1050]39; leads the purely Arian faction at the Council of Seleucia, [1051]68; author of the 'Exucontian sophism,' [1052]74.

George, Arian bishop of Alexandria, installed, [1053]41; raises tumult at the arrival of Athanasius at Alexandria, [1054]42, [1055]54; commits horrible atrocities, [1056]54-56; one of the Semi-Arian leaders at the Council of Seleucia, [1057]68; persecutes his opponents, [1058]74; burnt by pagans, [1059]79; his death resented by the Emperor Julian, [1060]79, [1061]80.

Germinius, Arian bishop, [1062]57; vacillates, [1063]61; refuses to anathematize Arius, [1064]62; deposed by the Synod of Ariminum, [1065]63.

Gladiatorial games, caused to cease by Constantine, [1066]22.

Gnostic, the, a book written by Evagrius, [1067]107.

Gold, used for churches, [1068]17; for sacred vessels, [1069]164.

Gomarius, a rebel general put to death by order of Valens, [1070]97.

Gospels, book of the, [1071]159.

Goths, invade the Roman territories, and being defeated embrace Christianity, [1072]22; many accept Christianity under Valens, [1073]115; renew their attack against Constantinople and are repulsed.

Grammarians, [1074]74, [1075]76, [1076]87, [1077]126, [1078]135.

Grata, daughter of Valentinian I., [1079]114.

Gratian, proclaimed Augustus, [1080]100; recalls the orthodox bishops, [1081]118; excludes Eunomians, Photinians, and Manichæans from the churches, [1082]119; takes Theodosius as a colleague, [1083]119; obtains a victory over barbarians, [1084]120; slain by Maximus, [1085]124.

Greek literature, studied, [1086]39, [1087]156; defense of, [1088]86, [1089]87.

Gregory, Arian bishop of Alexandria, designated as such, [1090]39; his installation resisted and resented by the people, [1091]40; ejected from the see of Alexandria, and succeeded by George, [1092]41, [1093]112.

Gregory, bishop of Neo-Cæsarea, called Thaumaturgus, [1094]111, [1095]112.

Gregory, the Just, recognizes three virtues, [1096]108.

Gregory, bishop of Nazianzus, his sketch of the Emperor Julian, [1097]92; associated with Basil, [1098]100, [1099]110; ordains Evagrius, [1100]107; pupil of Himerius and Prohæresius, [1101]110; also of Libanius, [1102]111; studies Origen, [1103]111; made bishop of Nazianzus, [1104]111; transferred to Constantinople, [1105]120; abdicates, 12O; transference of, [1106]173.

Gregory, bishop of Nyssa, brother of Basil, [1107]111, [1108]112; becomes patriarch of the diocese of Pontus, [1109]122; pronounces a funeral oration on Melitius of Antioch, [1110]122.

Hades, descent of Christ into, [1111]61.

Hail of prodigious size falls and is considered ominous, [1112]100.

Harpocration, bishop of Cynopolis, [1113]19.

Heathen temples in Alexandria demolished, [1114]126.

Hebrew, study of, [1115]156.

Hebrews, Epistle to the, ascribed to St. Paul, [1116]109, [1117]130.

Helena, mother to Constantine the Great, erects a magnificent church on the site of the Holy Sepulchre, [1118]21, [1119]22; also at Bethlehem and on the Mount of Ascension, [1120]21; her death, [1121]21.

Helenopolis, previously Drepanum, [1122]21, [1123]35.

Heliodorus, bishop of Tricca in Thessaly, reputed author of the Ethiopica, [1124]132.

Helion, a Roman of distinction, negotiates with the Persians, [1125]163; conveys the crown to Valentinian, [1126]166.

Heliopolis, corrupt practices at, [1127]22.

Helladius, bishop of Pontus, [1128]121, [1129]122.

Helladius, a pagan grammarian, having slain nine Christians, flies from Alexandria to Constantinople and becomes the teacher of the author, [1130]126.

Hellespont, the stronghold of Macedonianism, [1131]74, [1132]97.

Heraclides, bishop of Ephesus, a Cypriot by birth, ordained by Chrysostom, [1133]146; his case investigated by a council, [1134]149, [1135]150.

Heraclius, bishop of Jerusalem, [1136]74.

Heraclius, a priest of Hercules at Tyre, ordained a deacon, [1137]72.

Herculius, the surname of Maximian, [1138]1.

Heresy, why allowed to arise, [1139]26.

Heretics, hostility towards, [1140]169.

Hermes, a bishop exiled under Constantius, [1141]55.

Hermogenes, a general under Constantius, slain, [1142]41.

Hermogenes, a Novatian bishop, [1143]158.

Hierax, presbyter, exiled under Constantius, [1144]55.

Hierax, a teacher of letters at Alexandria, [1145]159.

Hieroglyphics, found in the Serapeum, [1146]126.

Hierophilus, bishop of Trapezopolis, [1147]173.

Hilary, bishop of Jerusalem, [1148]74.

Hilary, bishop of Poictiers, confutes Arianism, [1149]84.

Himerius, a sophist of Athens, [1150]110.

Hippodrome, place in Constantinople, [1151]21; sports of the, [1152]117, [1153]136, [1154]165, [1155]166.

Holy Spirit, divinity of, [1156]74, [1157]81.

Homoion, first used at the Council of Ariminum, [1158]61; again by Acacius, [1159]69, [1160]70, [1161]74.

Homoiousion, first used by Acacius, [1162]69; again as a counterfeit of homoousion, by Macedonius, [1163]73.

Homoousion, first used in the Nicene Council, [1164]10, [1165]94, [1166]101; discussion of the meaning of, [1167]10, [1168]11, [1169]12, [1170]27; accepted, [1171]94, [1172]101-103; rejected by Arians, [1173]68, [1174]84, [1175]119.

Honoratus, first prefect of Constantinople, [1176]71.

Honorius, emperor, son of Theodosius the Great, [1177]124; his birth, [1178]124; assumes the government of the Western Empire, [1179]137; his death, [1180]165.

Hosius, bishop of Cordova in Spain, takes letter from Constantine to Arius and Athanasius, [1181]6; present at the Nicene Council, [1182]19; refuses to put out Athanasius from the Council of Sardica, [1183]47; attends the Council of Sirmium, [1184]56; compelled to assent to its decisions, [1185]58, [1186]59; originated the controversy concerning theological terms, [1187]81.

Huns, the, vanquish the Goths, [1188]115; ravage Armenia, [1189]138; invade and devastate the territories of the Burgundians, [1190]170.

Hymns, processional, sung nightly by the orthodox, origin of, [1191]144.

Hypatia, a female philosopher of Alexandria, murdered by the monks, [1192]150.

Hypatian, bishop of Heraclea, [1193]56.

Hypostasis, used with the meaning of 'essence' or 'subsistence,' [1194]3, [1195]10, [1196]44, [1197]45, [1198]56, [1199]81; with the meaning of 'personality,' [1200]27, [1201]40; various meanings in various authors, [1202]81; rejected by the Acacians, [1203]71; used in the Nicene Council, [1204]10, [1205]102.

Hypselopolis, [1206]32.

Iberians, converted to Christianity, [1207]24.

Ignatius, called 'Theophorus,' third bishop of Antioch, introduces nocturnal hymn-singing into the church, [1208]144.

Image of the Father, Christ the, [1209]40

'Immortals, the,' Persian troops called so, [1210]163.

Impostor, miraculous detection of a Jewish, [1211]161; a Jewish, causes great sacrifice of life under the name of Moses, [1212]175.

Incomprehensibility of God, denied by Anomoeans, [1213]98.

'Indians' (Ethiopians) converted to Christianity, [1214]23.

'Indifferent Canon,' the, of the Novatians, [1215]129.

Inferiority of the Son, asserted by the Arians, [1216]58.

Inmestar, sports of the Jews at, [1217]161.

Innocent, bishop of Rome, [1218]157, [1219]158.

Innovation, in doctrine, to be avoided, [1220]81.

Interment, magnificent, of Constantine the Great, [1221]35; of Theodosius the Great, [1222]137; of Atticus, bishop of Constantinople, [1223]167.

Irenæus, grammarian, [1224]81.

Irenæus, bishop of Lyons, [1225]81, [1226]130.

Irene, virgin daughter of Spyridon of Cyprus, [1227]18.

Irene, church so called, [1228]21, [1229]34, [1230]38, [1231]43.

Irenion, Semi-Arian bishop of Gaza, [1232]95.

Isacocis, Semi-Arian bishop of Armenia Major, [1233]95.

Ischyras, pretended presbyter, maligns Athanasius, [1234]30; exposed, [1235]31; made a bishop, [1236]47.

Isdigerdes, king of Persia, converted to Christianity, [1237]157; his death, [1238]157, [1239]161.

Isidore, an Egyptian monk, professes perfection, [1240]107.

Isidore, a presbyter of Alexandria, opposes the ordination of John, [1241]138.

Ision, a Melitian used as a tool against Athanasius, [1242]29.

Jerusalem, visited by Helena, [1243]21; church erected in, [1244]21, [1245]30, [1246]32; synod held in, [1247]32, [1248]52, [1249]54; visited by Eudocia, [1250]178.

Jews, of Dio-Cæsarea, revolt, [1251]59; attempt to rebuild the temple of Solomon, [1252]89, [1253]90; irregular observance of Passover by, [1254]15, [1255]130, [1256]131, [1257]133; not converted by the healing of a paralytic, [1258]155; expelled from Alexandria, [1259]159; outrageous conduct of, at Jerusalem, [1260]161; many converted in Crete in consequence of the doings of the Pseudo-Moses, [1261]175.

Johannites, the, adherists of John Chrysostom, so called, [1262]151; conciliated by Atticus, [1263]166.

John, called also Achab, Melitian, [1264]31.

John, bishop of Jerusalem, succeeds to the see, [1265]126.

John, bishop of Gordium, [1266]173.

John, bishop of Constantinople, called Chrysostom, ordained bishop, [1267]138; his birth and previous education, [1268]138, [1269]139; his works, [1270]139; ordained presbyter by Paulinus, [1271]139; draws on himself the displeasure of many, [1272]140; his treatment of Eutropius, [1273]140; becomes increasingly celebrated, [1274]144; institutes processional singing, [1275]144; ordains Heraclides bishop of Ephesus, [1276]146; warns Epiphanius, [1277]148; expelled by the Synod 'at the Oak,' [1278]148, [1279]149; banished, [1280]149; returns on account of sedition among the people, [1281]149; preaches against Eudoxia, the empress, [1282]150; exiled a second time, [1283]150; dies in exile at Comana, [1284]151; his name registered in the diptychs, [1285]166; his remains removed to Constantinople, [1286]177.

John, secretary of Theodosius II., usurps the sovereign power, [1287]165; put to death, [1288]166.

John, bishop of Antioch, deposes Cyril, but is reconciled to him, [1289]172.

John, the Apostle, First Catholic Epistle of, [1290]171.

Josephus, author of Jewish Antiquities, [1291]131.

Jovian, Emperor, prefers, while still an officer in the army, to resign his office rather than renounce Christianity, [1292]85; proclaimed emperor, [1293]90; closes the Persian war, [1294]91; publicly accepts the 'homoousian' creed, and shuts up the pagan temples, [1295]94; proclaims general tolerance, [1296]95; is declared consul at Antioch, but dies suddenly, [1297]95.

Judaizing not consistent with Christianity, [1298]133.

Judgments of God mysterious, [1299]26.

Julian, Emperor, made Cæsar, [1300]59; rebuilds a Novatian church, [1301]66; proclaimed emperor, [1302]75; his early education, [1303]76, [1304]77; is married to the emperor's sister, [1305]77; a civic crown falls upon his head, [1306]77; takes the barbarian king prisoner, acts independently of Constantius, throws off Christianity, and excites a civil war against Constantius, [1307]77; makes a public entry into Constantinople, [1308]77; recalls the exiled bishops, [1309]78; commands the pagan temples to be opened, enforces economy in the household, reforms modes of travelling, patronizes literature and philosophy, and writes against the Christians, [1310]78; resents the murder of George of Alexandria, and writes to the citizens of Alexandria on the subject, [1311]79; recalls bishops Lucifer and Eusebius from exile, [1312]80; becomes hostile to Christians, favors pagan superstitions, and is rebuked by Maris, the blind bishop of Chalcedon, [1313]85; excludes Christians from the study of Greek literature to disable them for argument, and interdicts their holding official positions, [1314]85; endeavors to bribe their compliance, goes to war with the Persians, and extorts money from the Christians, [1315]85; seeks to apprehend Athanasius, and mocks the Christians, [1316]86; accelerates his movements against the Persians, [1317]88; oppresses the trade of Antioch, opens the pagan temples of that city, and endeavors to obtain an oracle from Apollo of Daphne, but fails, [1318]88; commands the prefect to persecute Christians, and cruelly tortures Theodore, [1319]89; receives and abruptly dismisses the Persian envoys, orders the Jews to rebuild the temple of Solomon at the expense of the public treasury, [1320]89; thwarted in this by earthquakes, fire, etc., [1321]90; invades Persia, believes he is second Alexander, and refuses to wear armor, and is mortally wounded, [1322]90; the pagans lament his death, [1323]90; Libanius composes funeral oration, [1324]91; estimate of his character, [1325]92; his obsequies, [1326]95, [1327]96.

Julius, bishop of Rome, declines to appear at the Synod of Antioch, [1328]38; affords Athanasius a refuge, [1329]42; vindicates the privileges of the see of Rome, [1330]42, [1331]43; defends Athanasius, [1332]43; censured by some, [1333]47; writes to Alexandria, [1334]50; his death, [1335]59.

Justa, daughter of Valentinian, [1336]114.

Justina, wife of Valentinian I., [1337]114; persecutes and banishes Ambrose of Milan, [1338]124.

Justus, father of Justina, his remarkable dream for which he is assassinated, [1339]114.

Juvenal, bishop of Jerusalem, [1340]172.

Kingdom of Christ, everlasting, [1341]44, [1342]45, [1343]56.

Knowledge, complete, of God, Arius denies the Son to have, [1344]4; Eunomius asserts men to have, [1345]98.

Laity, right of, in episcopal elections, [1346]38, [1347]129, [1348]138.

Lamps, prayers at lighting of, [1349]132.

Lampsacus, Council of, [1350]97.

Lauricius, a military commander under Constantius, [1351]68; at the Council of Seleucia, [1352]70; exiles Anianus, [1353]71.

Law, study of, [1354]112, [1355]138, [1356]139.

Layman, a, made arbitrator, [1357]174.

Lent, [1358]54; varieties of usage as to, [1359]131.

Leonas, an official under Constantius, [1360]68, [1361]69; summarily dissolves the Council of Seleucia, [1362]70; exiles Anianus, [1363]71.

Leontius, bishop of Antioch, [1364]54, [1365]60; his death, [1366]61.

Leontius, bishop of Tripolis in Lydia, deposed, [1367]70.

Leontius, bishop of Comana, [1368]94.

Leontius, Novatian bishop at Rome, [1369]125.

Leontius, bishop of Ancyra, [1370]150, [1371]152.

Leontius, a sophist, father of the Empress Eudocia, [1372]164.

Libanius, the Syrian rhetorician, surreptitiously instructs Julian, [1373]76; address orations to the emperor and to the Antiochenes, [1374]88; composes a funeral oration on Julian, [1375]91; refutation of it, [1376]91-94; instructs Basil and Gregory, [1377]111; instructs John Chrysostom and others, [1378]138, [1379]139.

Liberius, bishop of Rome, elevated to the see, [1380]59, [1381]96; exiled and reinstated, [1382]65; receives a deputation of bishops and dismisses them, [1383]100-103, [1384]119.

Licinius, a Dacian, is appointed successor to Maximian Galerius, [1385]1; persecutes the Christians, [1386]2; deceives Constantine by his craft, but is defeated by him, [1387]2; compelled to live at Thessalonica, rebels, [1388]3; his death, [1389]3, [1390]16.

Linen vestments, [1391]29.

Loaves of benediction, [1392]158.

Logos, eternal and uncreated, [1393]4; personal, [1394]45.

Lucian of Arca, Semi-Arian bishop, [1395]95, [1396]109.

Lucifer, bishop of Carala, appointed to the see of Antioch, [1397]80; constitutes Paulinus their bishop and departs to Antioch, [1398]80, [1399]83; his adherents become a sect, he leaves them and returns to Sardinia, [1400]84.

Lucius, bishop of Adrianople, expelled and restored, [1401]42, [1402]51; dies in prison, [1403]54.

Lucius, Arian bishop at Alexandria, [1404]80, [1405]96; installed in the episcopal chair of Alexandria, [1406]105; attacks the Egyptian monasteries, [1407]109; attempts to ordain the Saracen Moses, [1408]116; expelled, [1409]117; retains authority although absent, [1410]119.

Lyons, city in Gaul, [1411]59.

Macarius, bishop of Jerusalem, written to by Constantine, [1412]16; present at the Nicene Council, [1413]19; aids Helena in recovering the cross, [1414]21; dies, [1415]38.

Macarius, a presbyter, conducted in chains to the Council of Tyre, [1416]30.

Macarius, monk, 'the Egyptian,' [1417]107; gives lesson in contentment, [1418]108; exiled, [1419]109.

Macarius, monk, 'the Alexandrian,' [1420]107; exiled, [1421]109.

Macarius, Novatian, [1422]129.

Macedonians, the, sect of, [1423]9, [1424]14, [1425]73, [1426]81, [1427]96, [1428]161; correspond with Liberius of Rome, [1429]100-103; accept the Nicene Creed, [1430]101; relapse and reject it again, [1431]119, [1432]121.

Macedonius, bishop of Constantinople, a deacon, [1433]38; elected bishop, [1434]41; installed as bishop, [1435]43; massacre on this occasion, [1436]43; holds meetings separately, [1437]51; persecutes those who differ from him, [1438]54; excites tumults and desolates the churches, [1439]65, [1440]66; becomes odious, [1441]67, [1442]68; deposed by Acacius, [1443]72; conspires to excite commotions, [1444]73.

Macedonius, bishop of Mopsuestia, [1445]31, [1446]44.

Macedonius, a Christian who endured cruel martyrdom, [1447]86.

'Macrostich,' creed so called, [1448]44-46.

Magi, attempt to deceive Isdigerdes, [1449]157.

Magic, [1450]30, [1451]39, [1452]72, [1453]76, [1454]78, [1455]105.

Magnentius, slays Constans, [1456]53, [1457]56; becomes master of Rome, [1458]59, [1459]77; is defeated and commits suicide, [1460]59.

Magnus, a quæstor, [1461]59.

Magnus, an unknown individual, excommunicated, [1462]70.

Magnus, Arian bishop of Chalcedon, [1463]95.

Magnus, treasurer, [1464]105.

Mamre, pagan altar at, a church built instead of, [1465]22.

Mancipes, their office, [1466]127.

Manes (Manichæus), born a slave, enfranchised and educated, [1467]25; put to cruel death, [1468]26.

Manichæans, [1469]55, [1470]119, [1471]144, [1472]171.

Mantinium, inhabitants of, defeat the troops of Macedonius, [1473]67.

Marathonius, bishop of Nicomedia, [1474]66, [1475]74.

Marcellus, bishop of Ancyra, deposed, [1476]33, [1477]44, [1478]45; is restored, [1479]34; expelled and restored, [1480]42; reinstated by the Council of Sardica, [1481]47; refuted by Eusebius Pamphilus, [1482]48; restored to his see by Constantius, [1483]51; again ejected, [1484]54; succeeded by Basil, [1485]72.

Marcian, a Novatian presbyter, [1486]99.

Marcian, Semi-Arian bishop of Lampsacus, [1487]121.

Marcian, Novatian bishop of Constantinople, [1488]129; his death, [1489]138.

Marcian, Novatian bishop in Scythia, succeeds Paul at Constantinople, [1490]178.

Marcus Aurelius, emperor, [1491]92.

Mardonius, a eunuch, [1492]76.

Mareotes, a district of Alexandria, so called, [1493]29, [1494]31, [1495]43.

Marinus, Arian bishop of Constantinople, succeeds Demophilus, [1496]124; his views, [1497]134.

Maris, Arian bishop of Chalcedon, defends Arianism, [1498]9; refuses to assent to the Nicene Creed, [1499]10; conspires against Athanasius, [1500]29, [1501]33, [1502]41, [1503]44; joins the Acacians, [1504]71; reproves Julian, [1505]85.

Mark, a Syrian bishop under Constantius, [1506]44; exiled, [1507]55.

Mark, another bishop exiled under Constantius, [1508]55.

Mark, bishop of Arethusa, [1509]56.

Marriage, not allowed after ordination, [1510]18; condemnation of, heretical, [1511]72.

Martyrdom, eagerness for, [1512]105.

Martyrius, one of the authors of the 'Lengthy Creed,' [1513]44.

Maruthas, bishop of Mesopotamia, treads on Cyrinus' foot, [1514]148, [1515]151; sent on a mission to the king of Persia, [1516]156; cures the king by his prayers, [1517]157.

Mary, the Blessed Virgin, [1518]56, [1519]170.

Massacre at the installation of Macedonius, [1520]43.

Matthew, the Apostle, preaches to the Ethiopians, [1521]23.

Mavia, queen of Saracens, heads a revolt against the Romans and offers to lay down arms on certain conditions, [1522]116; the Roman generals consent, [1523]116; gives her daughter in marriage to Victor, the commander-in-chief of the Roman army, [1524]116; enables the inhabitants, of Constantinople to repulse the Goths, [1525]118.

Maxentius, made emperor by the Prætorians, his atrocious acts, [1526]1; drowned, [1527]2.

Maximian, surnamed Herculius, lays aside the imperial dignity, [1528]1; attempts to regain it, [1529]1; dies at Tarsus, [1530]1.

Maximian, bishop of Constantinople, succeeds Nestorius, [1531]173; his death and funeral obsequies, [1532]175.

Maximin, Cæsar (Maximian Galerius) appointed by Maximian, [1533]1.

Maximin, a governor of Rome, [1534]113.

Maximin, assessor in the Roman armies, accompanies Helion to Persia, is imprisoned, released, and concludes a treaty of peace, [1535]163.

Maximus, bishop of Jerusalem, [1536]38, [1537]52; ejected, [1538]65.

Maximus, of Ephesus, a philosopher, put to death as practicer of magic, [1539]76; deludes Julian, [1540]90; taught Sisinnius, [1541]129.

Maximus, of Byzantium, distinguished from preceding, [1542]76.

Maximus, bishop of Seleucia, [1543]139.

Maximus, usurper, [1544]25; causes Gratian to be assassinated, [1545]124; is admitted by Valentinian II. as his colleague, [1546]124; Theodosius puts him to death, [1547]125.

Maximus, Novatian bishop of Nicæa, [1548]113.

Meletius (or Melitius), bishop of Sebastia, transferred to Beroea and thence to Antioch, exiled by Constantius, [1549]72, [1550]73; holds assemblies at Antioch, [1551]83, [1552]84; recalled by Jovian, [1553]94, [1554]95; expelled by Valens, [1555]97; his death, [1556]111, [1557]122; funeral oration of, by Gregory of Nyssa, [1558]111, [1559]122; retained his see at the accession of Theodosius, [1560]119, [1561]120.

Meletius (Melitius), bishop of Alexandria, deposed, becomes the head of the sect called Melitians, [1562]5, [1563]6; restored to communion by the Nicene Council, [1564]12, [1565]13.

Melitians, their origin and union with the Arians, [1566]5; separated from the church, [1567]13; accuse Athanasius of crimes, [1568]29.

Memnon, bishop of Ephesus, [1569]172.

Menander, Greek poet, [1570]81.

Menedemus, suffers martyrdom, [1571]104.

Meropius, a Tyrian philosopher, murdered, [1572]23.

Merum, martyrs at, [1573]86.

Methodius, bishop of Olympus in Lycia, author of XenOn, [1574]147.

Metrodorus, a philosopher, [1575]23.

Metrophanes, bishop of Constantinople, succeeded by Alexander, [1576]35.

Milan, Synod of, [1577]60; tumult at, and ordination of Ambrose, [1578]113, [1579]114.

Miracles, [1580]18, [1581]23, [1582]25, [1583]109, [1584]111, [1585]112, [1586]161, [1587]174, [1588]175.

MisopOgOn, book so called written by Julian, [1589]88.

Mithra, murderous rites in the temple of, unveiled, [1590]78, [1591]79.

Mithreum, cleansed, [1592]79; demolished, [1593]126.

Modestus, the prefect, burns eighty pious men in a ship, [1594]104.

Monasticism, extension of, [1595]66, [1596]109, [1597]161; harassed by Arians, [1598]106.

Monk, the, treatise by Evagrius, [1599]107.

Monks, of Egypt, their remarkable lives, [1600]106, [1601]107; their sufferings and Christian endurance, [1602]108, [1603]109; the 'Tall,' of Alexandria, [1604]143.

Monks, to the, living in communities, treatise by Evagrius, [1605]107.

Montanus and Montanism, [1606]27, [1607]63, [1608]171.

Mopsucrene, Constantius dies at, [1609]75.

Mopsuestia, [1610]44.

Moses, bishop of the Saracens, at the instance of Queen Mavia he is ordained, [1611]116.

Mulvian bridge, battle at, [1612]2.

Mursa, battle near, [1613]59.

Mysteries, name applied to the Eucharist, [1614]17, [1615]112, [1616]128, [1617]145.

Mythology, the pagan, impure, [1618]93, [1619]94.

Nails of the cross, the, [1620]22.

Names, many persons change their, to avoid death from suspicion, [1621]105; Atticus, changes ill-omened, [1622]167.

Narcissus, bishop of Neronias, under Constantius, [1623]44, [1624]54, [1625]72.

Narcissus, bishop of Jerusalem, [1626]173.

Narsæus, Persian general, [1627]162.

Nectarius, bishop of Constantinople, elected, [1628]121; consulted by Theodosius the Great as to points of difference between the Christian sects, [1629]122, [1630]123; abolishes the office of penitentiary presbyter, [1631]128; his death, [1632]138.

Neonas, bishop of Seleucia, ejected, [1633]72.

Nepotian, a usurper, assumes the sovereignty of Rome and is slain, [1634]53.

Nestorius, a governor of Alexandria, [1635]52.

Nestorius, bishop of Constantinople, native of Germania, invited to Constantinople, [1636]169; persecutes the Macedonians, [1637]170; his heresy, [1638]171; deposed by the Synod of Ephesus, [1639]172; banished to the Great Oasis, [1640]172.

New Jerusalem, church called by the name, [1641]21, [1642]32.

'New Rome,' Constantinople called, [1643]21, [1644]22.

Nicæa, Council of, summoned by Constantine, [1645]8; Eusebius Pamphilus' account of it, [1646]10-12; names of bishops present, [1647]19; period of the assembly of, [1648]19; did not alter the time of celebrating Easter, [1649]131.

Nice, town in Thrace, Arians hold a council at, [1650]65.

Nicene Creed, [1651]10; Arians scheme to subvert, [1652]39, [1653]47; not to be changed, [1654]62, [1655]70, [1656]102.

Nicocles, a grammarian, [1657]76.

Nicolaus Damascenus, a Greek writer, [1658]167.

Nilammon, a bishop exiled under Constantius, [1659]55.

Nile, superstitious views of its inundations, [1660]22; Athanasius on the, [1661]86.

Nisibis, [1662]91, [1663]162.

Nitria, monks of, [1664]106, [1665]160.

Nocturnal services, [1666]144.

Novatianism, principle of, [1667]17; origin of, [1668]112.

Novatians, orthodox as to faith, [1669]18, [1670]66, [1671]100, [1672]123, [1673]125, [1674]128, [1675]167; persecuted by the Arians, [1676]66, [1677]100; alter their Easter, [1678]113; divided among themselves respecting it, [1679]129, [1680]134.

Novatus, presbyter of the Roman church, [1681]42, [1682]112; secedes from it, [1683]112; suffers martyrdom, [1684]112.

Oak, Council of the, [1685]149.

Oak of Mamre, [1686]22.

Oasis, the Great, [1687]55, [1688]172.

Oaths, [1689]35, [1690]99, [1691]112, [1692]130, [1693]141, [1694]146.

OEnomaus, philosopher, condemns Apollo, [1695]94.

Olympius, a Thracian bishop proscribed by Constantius, [1696]54.

Optatus, pagan prefect of Constantinople under Arcadius, [1697]151.

Optimus, bishop of Antioch in Pisidia, [1698]122, [1699]173.

'Oracles, the Christian,' the New Testament, so called, [1700]60.

Oracles, pagan, [1701]22, [1702]88, [1703]93, [1704]94, [1705]99, [1706]105.

Ordination, necessity of, [1707]30; refused to the lapsed, [1708]33; the Holy Spirit conveyed at, [1709]70.

Orestes, prefect of Alexandria under Theodosius II., [1710]159; opposes Cyril, bishop of that city, [1711]159; is attacked by the monks, [1712]160.

Origen, views of, [1713]49, [1714]60, [1715]74, [1716]81, [1717]132, [1718]143, [1719]171; works of, [1720]110; pupils of, [1721]112, [1722]156; condemned by Theophilus, [1723]144, [1724]147; defense of, [1725]147, [1726]148; contrast between treatment of, and treatment of Chrysostom, [1727]177.

Origenists, a party in the church so called, opposed to the Anthropomorphitæ, [1728]145.

Origen's principles, on, treatise by Didymus, [1729]110.

Otreius, bishop of Melitena, [1730]122.

Ousia, used by the Nicene Council, [1731]10; various meanings of, [1732]81; rejected by Acacians, [1733]58, [1734]62, [1735]71; accepted later by the same, [1736]95.


Pagan rites, [1737]79, [1738]86, [1739]126.

Palladius, governor of Egypt under Valens, [1740]105.

Palladius, bishop of Helenopolis, [1741]173.

Palladius, a monk, disciple of Evagrius, [1742]109.

Palladius, a celebrated courier, [1743]163.

Pallium (philosopher's cloak), [1744]78, [1745]94.

Pambos, an Egyptian monk, [1746]107.

Pamphilus, [1747]81, [1748]112.

Pancratius, bishop of Pelusium, [1749]56.

Paphlagonia, Arian violence in, [1750]67; temperament of people of, [1751]112.

Paphnutius, bishop of Upper Thebes, [1752]8; honored by the emperor for the truth's sake, [1753]18; opposes an austere view of marriage, [1754]18.

Parembole, a gnostic monk from, [1755]108.

Pasinicus, bishop of Zelæ (Zena), [1756]94.

Patricius, Arian bishop of Paltus, [1757]95.

Patripassians, a heretical sect, [1758]46, [1759]101, [1760]102.

Patrophilus, Arian bishop, conspires against Athanasius, [1761]33; ejects Maximus, [1762]65; not present at the Synod of Seleucia, [1763]68; deposed, [1764]70; Acacius favors him, [1765]73, [1766]101.

Paul, bishop of Tyre, [1767]31.

Paul of Samosata ('The Samosatan'), [1768]33, [1769]45, [1770]47, [1771]56, [1772]57, [1773]171.

Paul, bishop of Constantinople, elected, [1774]38; ejected by Constantius, [1775]38; reinstated, [1776]41; again expelled, [1777]42; returns to Rome, [1778]44; again reinstated by the Council of Sardica, [1779]47, [1780]49, [1781]51; strangled, [1782]54; his body honorably interred by Theodosius the Great, [1783]122.

Paul, the Apostle, at Athens, [1784]127; his opposition to Judaism, [1785]130.

Paul, reader, associated with John Chrysostom, [1786]149.

Paul, Novatian bishop at Constantinople, [1787]161; exposes a Jewish impostor, [1788]161; his piety, [1789]169; preserves a church from burning, through his prayers, [1790]175; his death, [1791]178.

Paulinus, bishop of Treves, exiled by Constantius, [1792]60.

Paulinus, bishop of Antioch, ordained by Lucifer, [1793]80, [1794]93, [1795]96; left unmolested by Valens, [1796]97; retains a portion of the church, [1797]119; protests against the association with him of Meletius, [1798]119.

Pazum, Novatian Council of, [1799]113, [1800]129.

Pelagius, Semi-Arian bishop of Laodicæa, accepts the Nicene Creed, [1801]95; invested with the administration of the churches in the East, [1802]122.

Pelargus, church at, [1803]66, [1804]175.

Pelusium, [1805]53.

Penitentiary presbyter, office of, abolished, [1806]128.

Perigenes, bishop of Patræ, [1807]173.

Persia, bishop of, at Nicæa, [1808]8; wars with, [1809]53, [1810]85, [1811]88, [1812]162; spread of Christianity in, [1813]156, [1814]157; persecution of Christians in, [1815]162.

Peter, bishop of Alexandria, suffers martyrdom, [1816]3; deposed by Meletius, [1817]5; celebration of martyrdom of, [1818]20.

Peter, another bishop of Alexandria, succeeds Athanasius, [1819]105; is deposed and imprisoned, [1820]105; exposes the falsehoods of Sabinus the Macedonian, [1821]106; returns from Rome, [1822]117; his death, [1823]117.

Peter, implicated in accusations against Athanasius, [1824]33.

Peter, Semi-Arian bishop of Sippi, [1825]95.

Peter, a monk, brother of Basil, [1826]111.

Peter, archpresbyter of the church of Alexandria, [1827]144.

Peter, a reader, ringleader in the murder of Hypatia, [1828]160.

Pharmaceus, a port in the Euxine, name of, changed, [1829]167.

Philadelphia, Synod of, [1830]81.

Philip, prætorian prefect under Constantius, entraps the bishop Paul, [1831]42, [1832]43.

Philip, a learned presbyter of Side, author of Christian History, [1833]168; a candidate for the see of Constantinople, [1834]172.

Philippopolis, Arian Council of, [1835]47, [1836]49.

Philo, bishop, exiled under Constantius, [1837]55.

Philosophers, Julian claims to be one of them, [1838]78, [1839]164; many resort to him, [1840]78; disagreement among, [1841]7, [1842]115.

Philosophy, studied among Christians, [1843]87, [1844]88, [1845]110, [1846]129, [1847]154; applied to ascetic life, [1848]24, [1849]107.

Philumenus, [1850]29.

Phoebus, excommunicated, [1851]70.

Photinus, bishop of Sirmium, heresy of, [1852]44, [1853]45; deposed, [1854]56, [1855]58; exiled, [1856]58; Nestorius accused of following, [1857]171.

Phrygians, temperament of, [1858]112.

Pilate, tablet of, recovered, [1859]21.

Pior, an Egyptian monk, [1860]106.

Piso, Semi-Arian bishop of Adana, [1861]95.

Piso, Semi-Arian bishop of Augusta, [1862]95.

Piterus, a learned Egyptian monk, gave scientific lectures, opening with prayer, [1863]107.

Placidia, mother of Valentinian III., and daughter of Theodosius the Great, [1864]114, [1865]166.

'Placidian,' an imperial palace so called, [1866]149.

Placitus (Flaccillus), bishop of Antioch, [1867]38, [1868]54, [1869]97.

Plato, ancient philosopher, [1870]60, [1871]87, [1872]90, [1873]92, [1874]156, [1875]160.

Plintha, commander-in-chief under Theodosius II., [1876]134.

Pliny, a bishop exiled under Constantius, [1877]55.

Plotinus, [1878]160.

Pneumatomachi, party among the Arians, [1879]74.

Polycarp, bishop of Smyrna, suffered martyrdom under Gordian, [1880]130.

Polycarp, bishop of Sextantaprista, [1881]173.

Polytheism, Arians charged with, [1882]27; pagan philosophy teaches, [1883]87.

Porphyry, an author, attacks Christianity, [1884]14; surnamed the 'Tyrian old man,' [1885]91; his History of Philosophers, [1886]91.

Porphyry, bishop of Antioch, [1887]157.

'Porphyry Column,' the, [1888]21, [1889]35.

Prayer, efficacy of, in divers cases, [1890]135, [1891]144, [1892]157, [1893]165, [1894]174, [1895]175.

Prayers, variously performed in different churches, [1896]133.

Preaching, Chrysostom's, [1897]140; as a means of amassing wealth, [1898]146; Atticus', [1899]154; Proclus', [1900]168, [1901]176.

Presbyter, an (unnamed) Arian, influence of, [1902]28.

Presbyters, priestly functions of, [1903]30; benediction given by, [1904]72; represent bishops, [1905]8, [1906]95; not allowed to preach at Alexandria, [1907]132.

Probus, a consul, committed with the chief administration of affairs in Italy during the minority of Valentinian II., [1908]124; leaves Italy and retires to Thessalonica, [1909]124.

Proclus, bishop of Cyzicus, a presbyter, [1910]168; ordained to the bishopric, [1911]168; transferred to Constantinople, [1912]175; his virtues, [1913]175, [1914]176; preaches on Ezekiel's prophecy, [1915]176; conciliates those who had seceded from the church, [1916]176; makes an unprecedented ecclesiastical appointment, [1917]178.

Procopius, usurper, seizes the imperial throne, [1918]97; marches with an army against Valens, is defeated and put to a horrible death, [1919]97.

Procopius, a Roman general, holds a command in the war with the Persians, [1920]163.

Prohæresius, celebrated rhetorician of Athens, [1921]110.

Protogenes, bishop of Sardica, [1922]47.

Protopresbyter, office of the, [1923]144.

Providence, mysterious counsels of, [1924]26; denied by Epicureans, [1925]87.

Psalmody, [1926]40, [1927]89, [1928]177.

Psamathia, [1929]29.

Psathyrians, a party among the Arians, [1930]134.

Psenosiris, a bishop exiled under Constantius, [1931]55.

Psilanthropism, [1932]33, [1933]34, [1934]44, [1935]47, [1936]171.

Pythagoras, ancient philosopher, [1937]25, [1938]90.

Pythonic demon, expelled, [1939]22.

Quartodecimans, excommunicated by Victor, bishop of Rome, [1940]130; claim to have received their custom as to Easter from the Apostle John, [1941]131; discipline among the, [1942]132; deprived of their churches by John, [1943]146, [1944]151; persecuted by Nestorius, [1945]169.

Queen, the, of Iberia, converted to Christianity through a captive maid, spreads the gospel, [1946]24.

Quibbles, of Arians, [1947]73.

Readers, sign the creed of Seleucia, [1948]68; Julian made one, [1949]77; Sisinnius as one, [1950]123; at Alexandria, [1951]132; one carries message, [1952]138; John appointed one, [1953]139; Paul associated with John Chrysostom, [1954]149; Proclus begins as one, [1955]175.

Reverentius, bishop of Arca, [1956]173.

Rheginus, author of the work called Polymnemon, [1957]93.

Rhetoric, study of, [1958]76, [1959]110, [1960]111, [1961]161, [1962]173, [1963]175.

Rings, made use of by the Jews of Alexandria in a conspiracy against the Christians, [1964]159.

Romans, Epistle to the, [1965]87, [1966]98, [1967]171.

Rome, church of, has authority, [1968]38, [1969]42; Athanasius visits, [1970]42; Cathedral of Peter and Paul at, [1971]109; abuses in, suppressed by Theodosius, [1972]127; taken and sacked by the barbarians, [1973]157, [1974]158.

Rougas, chief of the barbarians who invaded Rome under Theodosius II., [1975]176.

Rufinus, presbyter, author of Ecclesiastical History, [1976]20, [1977]25, [1978]36, [1979]89, [1980]109.

Rufinus, prætorian prefect, slain, [1981]138.

Rufus, bishop of Thessalonica, [1982]175.

Rusticula, Novatian bishop at Rome, [1983]158.

Sabbatius, a converted Jew, promoted by Marcian the Novatian, to the office of presbyter, [1984]129; occasions division in the church, [1985]129; separates from the Novatians, [1986]155, [1987]156; procures ordination as bishop, [1988]158; his death, [1989]167.

Sabbatius, Arian bishop, succeeds Barbas, [1990]170.

Sabellius (and Sabellianism), heretic, leader of a heretical sect, [1991]3, [1992]27, [1993]46, [1994]47, [1995]56, [1996]81, [1997]101, [1998]102, [1999]115.

Sabinian, Semi-Arian bishop of Zeugma, [2000]95.

Sabinus, Macedonian bishop at Heraclea and author of the Collection of Synodical Canons, speaks slightingly of the Nicene Council, [2001]9; praises Constantine, [2002]14; gross partiality of his work, [2003]42, [2004]44, [2005]47, [2006]68, [2007]95, [2008]103, [2009]105.

Sallust, prætorian prefect under Julian, [2010]89.

Samaritans, offshoots from the Jews, [2011]133.

Sanctuary, privilege of, [2012]125, [2013]140, [2014]171, [2015]172.

Saracens, revolt against the Romans, [2016]116; peace established, [2017]116; join with the Persians, [2018]162.

Sardica, Council of, [2019]34, [2020]46, [2021]49, [2022]54.

Sarmatians, invade the Roman territory, are defeated and Christianized, [2023]22; war with, [2024]114.

Saturday, called 'the Sabbath,' usually a holiday, [2025]131, [2026]144, [2027]178.

Saturninus, a consular, delivered up to Gaïnas, [2028]141.

Scitis, [2029]106.

Scriptures, copies of, to be made, [2030]16; study of, [2031]39, [2032]110, [2033]139, [2034]165; (by the Apollinares), [2035]87, [2036]88; literal sense of, [2037]92, [2038]93, [2039]139; mystical sense of, [2040]108, [2041]120, [2042]121, [2043]132; difficulties in, [2044]92; quoted on both sides in the Novatian controversy, [2045]112; read and explained in the churches, [2046]132; comments on, [2047]165; translated by Ulfilas into the language of the Goths, [2048]115.

Scythian, a Saracen so named, corrupted the truth, [2049]25.

Scythians, a bishop of, present at the Nicene Council, [2050]8; a Novatian bishop among the, [2051]178; temperament of, [2052]112.

Scythopolis, [2053]39.

Sebastian, a Manichæan officer, [2054]55.

Sects, tendency of, to subdivide, [2055]134.

Secundus, Arian bishop of Ptolemais, refuses to receive the Nicene Creed, [2056]10; denounced by the Nicene Council, [2057]12.

Secundus, father of Chrysostom, [2058]138.

Seditious movements at Antioch occasioned by the deposition of Eustathius, [2059]27.

Selenas, bishop of the Goths, [2060]134.

Seleucia, Council of, [2061]61, [2062]67, [2063]75; creed of, [2064]69.

Sepulchre, the Holy, recovered, [2065]21.

Serapion, bishop of Antioch, [2066]81.

Serapion, bishop of Thmuis, [2067]108.

Serapion, deacon in the Constantinopolitan church, [2068]139; his arrogance, [2069]146; is ordained bishop of Heraclea in Thrace, [2070]150.

Serapis, [2071]22; temple of (called Serapeum), destroyed, [2072]126; singular hieroglyphics found in it, [2073]126; invoked by Julian, [2074]79.

Severa, wife of Valentinian I., [2075]114.

Severian, bishop of Gabala, [2076]146, [2077]148.

Severus, appointed Cæsar by Maximian, sent to Rome to seize the Emperor Maxentius, [2078]1.

Sicine, Palace of, [2079]113.

Sicily, council held in, [2080]102.

Side, birthplace of Troïlus the Sophist and of Philip the presbyter, [2081]168.

Silvanus, usurper, defeated by Constantius, [2082]59.

Silvanus, Semi-Arian bishop of Tarsus, takes part in the Council of Seleucia, [2083]68; petitions Jovian, [2084]94; sent to Rome on a deputation, [2085]100; subscribes a confession of faith, [2086]101; answered by Liberius, [2087]102.

Silvanus, bishop of Philippopolis, [2088]173; transferred to Troas, [2089]174; his praiseworthy administration, [2090]174.

Silver statue of Eudoxia, [2091]150.

Siricius, bishop of Rome, [2092]157.

Sirmium, [2093]55; Council of, [2094]56; creeds of, [2095]56, [2096]57, [2097]58.

Sisinnius, Novatian bishop of Constantinople, reader to Agelius, [2098]123; ordained bishop, [2099]129; succeeds Marcian, [2100]129; his learning, eloquence, grace of person, and some examples of his wit, [2101]152; his death, [2102]156; succeeded by Chrysanthus, [2103]156.

Sisinnius, bishop of Constantinople, succeeds Atticus, [2104]168; ordains Proclus to the see of Cyzicus, [2105]168; his death, [2106]169.

Sistra, places of penal prostitution, [2107]127.

Six Hundred Problems, treatise by Evagrius, [2108]107.

Slaves, [2109]72, [2110]117.

Smyrna, Macedonian Synod of, [2111]102.

Socrates, author of the Ecclesiastical History, personal reminiscences, [2112]19, [2113]67, [2114]126, [2115]128, [2116]132, [2117]156; birth of, [2118]135; views of, regarding the abolition of penitentiary presbyter's office, [2119]128; celebration of Easter, baptism, fasting, marriage, the Eucharist, and other ordinances, [2120]130-133; on Origen and his merits, [2121]147, [2122]148; on Philip of Side's Christian History, [2123]168; on transference of bishops from one church to another, [2124]173.

Socrates, Athenian philosopher, [2125]87, [2126]91.

Sophia, church so called, [2127]38, [2128]43, [2129]73.

Sophistry of Arians, [2130]60, [2131]74, [2132]110.

Sophocles, ancient poet, [2133]81.

Sophronius, Semi-Arian bishop of Pompeiopolis, declaration of, before the Synod of Seleucia, [2134]69; deposed by Acacius, [2135]72; sides with Macedonius, [2136]73, [2137]84; petitions Jovian, [2138]94.

Sotades, obscene poet, songs of, [2139]13.

Soucis, a mountain, made the boundary between the Eastern and Western churches, [2140]49.

Spyridon, bishop of Cyprus, [2141]8; two remarkable incidents in his life, [2142]18, [2143]19.

Stenography, used to record the sermons and speeches of orators, [2144]58, [2145]68, [2146]140.

Stephen, bishop of Antioch, [2147]54.

Strabo, Greek writer, [2148]167.

Strategium, public building in Constantinople, [2149]21.

Sycæ, a church removed to, [2150]66.

Symmachus, a Roman senator, clemency of Theodosius toward, [2151]125.

Synod (Council), at Nicæa, [2152]8, [2153]10-12, [2154]19; at Antioch, [2155]28, [2156]73, [2157]94; at Tyre, [2158]30-32; of the Eastern bishops, [2159]44; at Sardica, [2160]34, [2161]46, [2162]49, [2163]54; at Sirmium, [2164]56, [2165]57, [2166]58; appointed to meet at Rome, [2167]59; at Milan, [2168]60; attempted at Nicomedia, [2169]61; at Ariminum, [2170]61, [2171]67, [2172]84, [2173]101, [2174]102; of the Ursacian faction at Nice, [2175]65; at Seleucia in Isauria, [2176]61, [2177]67, [2178]75; at Constantinople, [2179]71- 73; at Alexandria, summoned by Athanasius and Eusebius, [2180]81, [2181]82; at Antioch (of bishops), of the Acacian faction, [2182]94, [2183]95; Lampsacus, [2184]97; at Sicily, of Sicilian bishops, [2185]102; at Pazum, of the Novatian bishops, [2186]113; Ecumenical, at Constantinople, [2187]121, [2188]122; of Novatians, at Constantinople, [2189]129; at Chalcedon in Bithynia, [2190]149; at Ephesus, [2191]172.

Synods, provincial, the assembling of, authorized by the Ecumenical Synod of Constantinople; [2192]122.

Syrian, a military commander, [2193]40.

Tabernacle, of embroidered linen, made by Constantius, [2194]22.

Table, the holy, [2195]30, [2196]33.

Tarsus, in Cilicia, Synod of Seleucia transferred to, [2197]67; but prevented from meeting there, [2198]102, [2199]103.

Tatian, a Christian martyr, [2200]86.

Temples, pagan, closed, [2201]2, [2202]78, [2203]86, [2204]94; cleansed, [2205]79; destroyed, [2206]2, [2207]22, [2208]126.

Terebinthus, also called Buddas, [2209]25.

Thalassius, bishop of Cæsarea, [2210]178.

Thalia, work composed by Arius, condemned, [2211]13.

Theatrical entertainments, [2212]112, [2213]159.

Themistius, a philosopher, [2214]95; records Jovian's religious tolerance and pronounces a consular oration before him at Antioch, [2215]95; induces Valens to relax the severity of his persecution, [2216]115.

Theoctistus, leader of the Psathyrians, [2217]134.

Theodore, bishop of Heraclea, [2218]31, [2219]41, [2220]44.

Theodore, to whom the History is dedicated, [2221]36, [2222]137, [2223]178.

Theodore, a young Christian, cruelly tortured by Julian, [2224]89, [2225]165.

Theodore, a martyr, [2226]104.

Theodore, of Mopsuestia, [2227]139.

Theodosiolus, put to death by Valens on account of his name, [2228]105.

Theodosius, bishop of Philadelphia, deposed, [2229]70.

Theodosius (the Great), emperor, [2230]25; a Spaniard of noble ancestry, made colleague on the throne by Gratian, [2231]119; obtains a victory over the barbarians, taken ill and baptized by the bishop of Thessalonica, [2232]120; summons a synod at Constantinople, [2233]121; the Goths submit to him, [2234]122; proclaims Arcadius his son Augustus, [2235]122; secures to the Novatians privileges enjoyed by other sects, [2236]123; makes war on the usurper Maximus, [2237]124; overcomes and puts him to death, [2238]125; his clemency towards Symmachus, [2239]125; destroys pagan temples, [2240]126; reforms two infamous abuses in Rome, [2241]127; returns to Constantinople, [2242]128; tolerates all sects except the Eunomians, [2243]129; favors the Novatians, [2244]129; defeats the usurper Eugenius, [2245]135; falls ill and sends for his son Honorius, [2246]139; dies, [2247]136; succeeded by his two sons, [2248]137; funeral ceremonies, [2249]137.

Theodosius II., birth of, [2250]142; accession to the throne, [2251]153, [2252]154; receives intelligence of the news from Persia in a remarkably short time, [2253]163; his pre-eminent virtues, [2254]164, [2255]165; becomes sole ruler, [2256]165; proclaims Valentinian III. emperor of the West, [2257]166; calls a synod to meet at Ephesus, [2258]172; appoints Proclus to the see of Constantinople, [2259]175; his excellent qualities, [2260]176; offers thanksgiving, [2261]178.

Theodosius, bishop of Synada, [2262]154, [2263]155.

Theodosius' Forum, [2264]99.

Theodotus, bishop of Laodicea, [2265]74.

Theodulus, Thracian bishop, proscribed by Constantius, [2266]54.

Theodulus, bishop of Chæretapa, deposed, [2267]70.

Theodulus, a martyr, [2268]86.

Theognis, Arian bishop of Nicæa, defends Arianism, [2269]9; refuses to receive the Nicene Creed, [2270]10; exiled, [2271]10; recalled, [2272]20; copy of his recantation, [2273]20; abuses the emperor's clemency, [2274]26; conspires against Athanasius, [2275]29, [2276]33; renews efforts to introduce Arianism, [2277]36.

Theon, father of Hypatia, philosopher in Alexandria, [2278]160.

Theonas, Arian bishop of Marmarica, [2279]4, [2280]12.

Theopemptus, Novatian bishop of Alexandria, [2281]156.

Theophilus, bishop of the Goths, [2282]72.

Theophilus, Semi-Arian bishop of Castabala, [2283]94, [2284]100, [2285]101, [2286]102.

Theophilus, bishop of Alexandria, desires to make Evagrius bishop, [2287]109; succeeds Timothy in the see of Alexandria, [2288]124; reconciled to Flavian, [2289]126; effects the destruction of the Mithreum and Serapeum, [2290]126; opposes John, [2291]138; plots against him, [2292]140, [2293]145; enters into controversy with the monks but dissimulates before danger, [2294]142; condemns Origen, [2295]143; quarrels with Isidore, [2296]144, [2297]145; continues operations against John, [2298]148; counter-charges are made against him, [2299]149; his death, [2300]156.

Theophilus, bishop of Apamea, [2301]173.

Theophronius, leader of the 'Eunomiotheophronians,' [2302]135.

Theotimus, Semi-Arian bishop of the Arabs, [2303]95.

Theotimus, bishop of Scythia, defends Origen, [2304]147.

Theotocos, discussions concerning the title, [2305]170-172.

Therapeia, a port in the Euxine, previously called Pharmaceus, [2306]167.

Thessalonica, Licinius compelled to live in, [2307]3; Paul exiled to, [2308]43.

Thessaly, ecclesiastical customs in, [2309]132.

Thmuis, a bishop exiled under Constantius, [2310]55.

Thomas, apostle, goes to the Parthians, [2311]23; church of, at Edessa, [2312]104.

Thracians, temperament of, [2313]112.

Tigris, a presbyter, [2314]149.

Timothy, bishop of Alexandria, succeeds his brother Peter, [2315]117, [2316]119; attends the Synod of Constantinople, [2317]121; becomes patriarch of Egypt, [2318]122; his death, [2319]124.

Timothy, Arian presbyter, proficient in the Scripture, [2320]156.

Timothy, archdeacon in Alexandria, candidate for the episcopacy, [2321]156.

Titles given to bishops and emperors, [2322]137.

Titus, of Bostra, [2323]95.

Toleration, practiced, [2324]95, [2325]96, [2326]128, [2327]176; plea for, [2328]115.

Tortures inflicted on Homoousians, [2329]55; on Christian women, [2330]66; on the martyrs of Merum, [2331]86; on Theodore, [2332]89.

Tradition, Catholic, [2333]81.

Transference of bishops, question of, [2334]173.

Transmigration of souls, theory of, [2335]90.

Treves, a city in Gaul, Athanasius exiled to, [2336]37.

Tribigildus, a kinsman of Gaïnas, rebels, [2337]141.

Trinity, on the, treatise by Didymus, [2338]110.

Troïlus, a sophist, [2339]142, [2340]154, [2341]168, [2342]173.

Truth, historical, hard to ascertain, [2343]137.

Tyre, council of, [2344]30, [2345]31, [2346]32.

Ulfilas, bishop of the Goths, [2347]72; translates the Scriptures into the Gothic, [2348]115.

Unity in the Trinity, [2349]3; in the Church between Novatians and Orthodox, [2350]66.

Uptar, King of the Burgundians, [2351]170.

Uranius, bishop of Tyre, [2352]68; deposed, [2353]70.

Uranius, Semi-Arian bishop of Apamea, [2354]95.

Uranius, Semi-Arian bishop of Melitina, [2355]95.

Urbanus, martyr under Valens, [2356]104.

Ursacius, Arian bishop of Singidnum, conspires against Athanasius, [2357]29, [2358]33; recants, [2359]41, [2360]53, [2361]57; refuses to anathematize Arius, [2362]61; deposed by the Council of Ariminum, [2363]63; favored by Constantius, [2364]64.

Ursinus, a deacon of Rome, [2365]113.

Vacant bishop, [2366]169.

Valens, Arian bishop of Mursa, conspires against Athanasius, [2367]29, [2368]33; recants, [2369]41, [2370]53, [2371]57; refuses to anathematize Arius, [2372]61; deposed by the Council of Ariminum, [2373]63; favored by Constantius, [2374]64.

Valens, emperor, as a military officer, prefers retirement to hypocrisy, [2375]85, [2376]96; raised to share the imperial throne, [2377]96; resides at Constantinople, [2378]96; is intolerant and cruel, [2379]97; orders the walls of Chalcedon to be razed, and uses the stones for public baths, [2380]99; persecutes the Novatians, [2381]99; leaves Constantinople for Antioch, [2382]103; banishes Eustathius and Evagrius, [2383]103; dooms an entire congregation to death, [2384]104; slaughters many on account of their names, [2385]105; persecutes the Christians, [2386]109; permits the Goths to become his subjects, [2387]115, [2388]116; desists from persecuting, [2389]116; departs from Antioch and arrives at Constantinople, [2390]117; his subjects murmur, he routs the Goths and is slain, [2391]117, [2392]118.

Valentinian I., emperor, as a military officer, prefers retirement to hypocrisy, [2393]85, [2394]96; declared emperor, [2395]96; makes Valens his colleague, [2396]96; favors the Homoousians, [2397]96; goes to the West, [2398]114; abstains from interfering with any sect, [2399]114; his territories invaded, ruptures a bloodvessel and dies, [2400]114.

Valentinian II., emperor, born, [2401]100; proclaimed emperor, [2402]114; Probus, consul during his minority, [2403]124; compelled to admit Maximus the usurper as a colleague, Theodosius helps him against the usurper, [2404]124; triumphal entry into Rome, [2405]125; strangled, [2406]135.

Valentinian III., proclaimed emperor, [2407]166; marries Eudoxia, daughter of Theodosius II., [2408]177.

Vararanes, king of Persia, [2409]157; persecutes the Christians and provokes the Romans, [2410]162; imprisons the Roman envoys, is routed and compelled to make peace, [2411]162, [2412]163.

Various reading, a case of, [2413]171.

Venus, temple of, removed, [2414]21; at Aphaca, demolished, [2415]22.

Vessels, sacred, [2416]30, [2417]164.

Vetranio, usurper, [2418]53; proclaimed emperor, [2419]55; deposed, lives happily in retirement, [2420]55.

Vicentius, presbyter of Rome, [2421]19.

Victor, bishop of Rome, [2422]130.

Virgin, to the, treatise by Evagrius, [2423]107.

Virgins, torture of, [2424]55.

Vitian, Roman general, [2425]163.

Vito, presbyter of Rome, [2426]19.

Wednesday and Friday, observed as fast-days, [2427]132, [2428]164.

White garments, worn by candidates for baptism, [2429]161.

Will of Constantine, [2430]35.

'Wisdom, the, of God,' [2431]4.

XenOn, a dialogue by Methodius, bishop of Olympus, [2432]147.

Xenophon, ancient Greek writer, [2433]92, [2434]167.

Zealots, [2435]137.

Zeno, bishop of Jerusalem, [2436]139.

'Zeuxippus,' bath called so, [2437]43.

Zoïlus, Semi-Arian bishop of Larissa, [2438]95.

Zosimus, bishop of Rome, [2439]158.

chapter xvii discovery of the relics
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