Origen Against Celsus
Origen Against Celsus
Origen

Translated by the Rev. Frederick Crombie, D.D.
Table of Contents


Title Page

Book I.

Preface.

Chapter I. The first point which Celsus brings forward, in his desire to throw discredit upon Christianity…

Chapter II. Celsus next proceeds to say, that the system of doctrine…

Chapter III. After this, Celsus proceeding to speak of the Christians teaching and practising their favourite doctrines…

Chapter IV. Let us notice also how he thinks to cast discredit upon our system of morals…

Chapter V. Treating of the regulations respecting idolatry as being peculiar to Christianity…

Chapter VI. After this, through the influence of some motive which is unknown to me…

Chapter VII. Moreover, since he frequently calls the Christian doctrine a secret system of belief…

Chapter VIII. It is with a certain eloquence, indeed, that he appears to advocate the cause of…

Chapter IX. He next proceeds to recommend, that in adopting opinions we should follow reason and a…

Chapter X. In the next place, since our opponents keep repeating those statements about faith…

Chapter XI. Since, then, as reason teaches, we must repose faith in some one of those who…

Chapter XII. In the next place, when Celsus says in express words…

Chapter XIII. But since Celsus has declared it to be a saying of many Christians…

Chapter XIV. Celsus, being of opinion that there is to be found among many nations a general…

Chapter XV. How much more impartial than Celsus is Numenius the Pythagorean…

Chapter XVI. I must express my surprise that Celsus should class the Odrysians…

Chapter XVII. In what follows, Celsus, assailing the Mosaic history, finds fault with those who give it…

Chapter XVIII. And challenging a comparison of book with book, I would say…

Chapter XIX. After these statements, Celsus, from a secret desire to cast discredit upon the Mosaic account…

Chapter XX. And yet, against his will, Celsus is entangled into testifying that the world is comparatively…

Chapter XXI. The following is the view of Celsus and the Epicureans…

Chapter XXII. After this, Celsus, without condemning circumcision as practised by the Jews…

Chapter XXIII. After this, Celsus next asserts that "Those herdsmen and shepherds who followed Moses as their…

Chapter XXIV. After this he continues: "These herdsmen and shepherds concluded that there was but one God…

Chapter XXV. And perhaps there is a danger as great as that which degrades the name of…

Chapter XXVI. But let us see the manner in which this Celsus…

Chapter XXVII. Any one who examines the subject will see that Jesus attempted and successfully accomplished works…

Chapter XXVIII. And since, in imitation of a rhetorician training a pupil…

Chapter XXIX. For birth is an aid towards an individual's becoming famous…

Chapter XXX. Now, would not any one who investigated with ordinary care the nature of these facts…

Chapter XXXI. And besides this, one may well wonder how it happened that the disciples -- if…

Chapter XXXII. But let us now return to where the Jew is introduced…

Chapter XXXIII. Now if a particular soul, for certain mysterious reasons…

Chapter XXXIV. But it was, as the prophets also predicted, from a virgin that there was to…

Chapter XXXV. But that we may not seem, because of a Hebrew word…

Chapter XXXVI. And now, since we have touched upon the subject of the prophets…

Chapter XXXVII. I think, then, that it has been pretty well established not only that our Saviour…

Chapter XXXVIII. But, moreover, taking the history, contained in the Gospel according to Matthew…

Chapter XXXIX. I do not think it necessary to grapple with an argument advanced not in a…

Chapter XL. After these assertions, he takes from the Gospel of Matthew…

Chapter XLI. But, that we may not have the appearance of intentionally passing by his charges through…

Chapter XLII. Before we begin our reply, we have to remark that the endeavour to show…

Chapter XLIII. We shall therefore say, in the first place, that if he who disbelieves the appearance…

Chapter XLIV. And with these arguments I answer the Jew, not disbelieving…

Chapter XLV. And I remember on one occasion, at a disputation held with certain Jews who were…

Chapter XLVI. For the law and the prophets are full of marvels similar to those recorded of…

Chapter XLVII. I would like to say to Celsus, who represents the Jew as accepting somehow John…

Chapter XLVIII. Although the Jew, then, may offer no defence for himself in the instances of Ezekiel…

Chapter XLIX. After this he wilfully sets aside, I know not why…

Chapter L. In the next place, as if the only event predicted were this…

Chapter LI. Now the Scripture speaks, respecting the place of the Saviour's birth -- that the Ruler…

Chapter LII. Strife and prejudice are powerful instruments in leading men to disregard even those things which…

Chapter LIII. And if we should ask for a second prophecy…

Chapter LIV. And since Celsus, although professing to know all about the Gospel…

Chapter LV. Now I remember that, on one occasion, at a disputation held with certain Jews…

Chapter LVI. Now it escaped the notice of Celsus, and of the Jew whom he has introduced…

Chapter LVII. The Jew, moreover, in the treatise, addresses the Saviour thus…

Chapter LVIII. After these matters this Jew of Celsus, instead of the Magi mentioned in the Gospel…

Chapter LIX. It has been observed that, on the occurrence of great events…

Chapter LX. To the Greeks, then, I have to say that the Magi…

Chapter LXI. That Herod conspired against the Child although the Jew of Celsus does not believe that…

Chapter LXII. And after such statements, showing his ignorance even of the number of the apostles…

Chapter LXIII. And since Celsus has termed the apostles of Jesus men of infamous notoriety…

Chapter LXIV. But if we were to reproach those who have been converted with their former lives…

Chapter LXV. And since Jesus, in teaching His disciples not to be guilty of rashness…

Chapter LXVI. And in addition to the above, this Jew of Celsus afterwards addresses Jesus…

Chapter LXVII. After the above, this Jew of Celsus, as if he were a Greek who loved…

Chapter LXVIII. But after this, Celsus, having a suspicion that the great works performed by Jesus…

Chapter LXIX. After this, Celsus, confusing together the Christian doctrine and the opinions of some heretical sect…

Chapter LXX. He asserts, moreover, that "the body of a god is not nourished with such food…

Chapter LXXI. Continuing to pour abuse upon Jesus as one who…

Book II.

Chapter I. The first book of our answer to the treatise of Celsus…

Chapter II. Now, since we are upon the subject of Peter…

Chapter III. Our present object, however, is to expose the ignorance of Celsus…

Chapter IV. The Jew, then, continues his address to converts from his own nation thus…

Chapter V. After these matters, although Celsus becomes tautological in his statements about Jesus…

Chapter VI. But let it be granted that Jesus observed all the Jewish usages…

Chapter VII. Moreover, let them show where there is to be found even the appearance of language…

Chapter VIII. He says, further, that "many other persons would appear such as Jesus was…

Chapter IX. The Jew continues his discourse thus: "How should we deem him to be a God…

Chapter X. But what promise did Jesus make which He did not perform? Let Celsus produce any…

Chapter XI. In the next place, that He was betrayed by those whom He called His disciples…

Chapter XII. And the following appear to me to be childish assertions…

Chapter XIII. This Jew of Celsus continues, after the above, in the following fashion…

Chapter XIV. Celsus, however, accepting or granting that Jesus foreknew what would befall Him…

Chapter XV. Celsus continues: "The disciples of Jesus, having no undoubted fact on which to rely…

Chapter XVI. Exceedingly weak is his assertion, that "the disciples of Jesus wrote such accounts regarding him…

Chapter XVII. Extremely foolish also is his remark, "What god, or spirit…

Chapter XVIII. After this the Jew makes another silly remark, saying…

Chapter XIX. Superficial also is his objection, that "it is always the case when a man against…

Chapter XX. Let us see how he continues after this: "These events…

Chapter XXI. Observe also the superficiality and manifest falsity of such a statement of Celsus…

Chapter XXII. He adds to this, as if he had brought together an argument with conclusive demonstrations…

Chapter XXIII. He continues in this strain: "If he had determined upon these things…

Chapter XXIV. After this, wishing to prove that the occurrences which befell Him were painful and distressing…

Chapter XXV. We have mentioned in the preceding pages that there are some of the declarations of…

Chapter XXVI. This Jew of Celsus still accuses the disciples of Jesus of having invented these statements…

Chapter XXVII. After this he says, that certain of the Christian believers…

Chapter XXVIII. And since this Jew of Celsus makes it a subject of reproach that Christians should…

Chapter XXIX. In the preceding pages we have already spoken of this point…

Chapter XXX. This objection also is cast in our teeth by Celsus…

Chapter XXXI. He next charges the Christians with being "guilty of sophistical reasoning…

Chapter XXXII. We have already shown that Jesus can be regarded neither as an arrogant man…

Chapter XXXIII. "But," continues Celsus, "what great deeds did Jesus perform as being a God? Did he…

Chapter XXXIV. This Jew of Celsus, ridiculing Jesus, as he imagines…

Chapter XXXV. But in answer to this objection, "If not before…

Chapter XXXVI. Celsus next says: "What is the nature of the ichor in the body of the…

Chapter XXXVII. After this, he who extracts from the Gospel narrative those statements on which he thinks…

Chapter XXXVIII. The few next remarks: "You, O sincere believers, find fault with us…

Chapter XXXIX. And how can the following assertion of this Jew of Celsus appear anything else than…

Chapter XL. It is, moreover, in a very unphilosophical spirit that Celsus imagines our Lord's pre-eminence among…

Chapter XLI. In the person of the Jew, Celsus continues to find fault with Jesus…

Chapter XLII. But further, since Celsus will have it that "Jesus was not irreproachable…

Chapter XLIII. Celsus next addresses to us the following remark: "You will not…

Chapter XLIV. Celsus in the next place says, with indescribable silliness…

Chapter XLV. But observe the superficial nature of his argument respecting the former disciples of Jesus…

Chapter XLVI. But how can this Jew of Celsus escape the charge of falsehood…

Chapter XLVII. He represents, moreover, a statement of his own as if it were an answer to…

Chapter XLVIII. Celsus, moreover, unable to resist the miracles which Jesus is recorded to have performed…

Chapter XLIX. Jesus, accordingly, in turning away the minds of His disciples…

Chapter LI. Celsus, indeed, evinced a slight knowledge of Scripture when he made Jesus say…

Chapter LII. But since it is a Jew who makes these assertions in the treatise of Celsus…

Chapter LIII. All the arguments, indeed, which this Jew of Celsus advances against those who believe on…

Chapter LIV. After this, forsooth, the Jew of Celsus, to keep up the character assigned to the…

Chapter LV. The Jew continues his address to those of his countrymen who are converts…

Chapter LVI. But since the Jew says that these histories of the alleged descent of heroes to…

Chapter LVII. But observe whether this Jew of Celsus does not talk very blindly…

Chapter LVIII. Further, after these Greek stories which the Jew adduced respecting those who were guilty of…

Chapter LIX. He imagines also that both the earthquake and the darkness were an invention…

Chapter LX. In the next place, as if this were possible…

Chapter LXI. Jesus accordingly, as Celsus imagines, exhibited after His death only the appearance of wounds received…

Chapter LXII. Now it followed from all the predictions which were uttered regarding Him -- amongst which…

Chapter LXIII. After these points, Celsus proceeds to bring against the Gospel narrative a charge which is…

Chapter LXIV. Although Jesus was only a single individual, He was nevertheless more things than one…

Chapter LXV. And why do I say "to all?" For even with His own apostles and disciples…

Chapter LXVI. And be not surprised if all the multitudes who have believed on Jesus do not…

Chapter LXVII. To the best of our ability, therefore, as in a treatise of this nature…

Chapter LXVIII. But let us observe how this Jew of Celsus asserts that…

Chapter LXIX. But we wish to show that His instantaneous bodily disappearance from the cross was not…

Chapter LXX. But how is it that this Jew of Celsus could say that Jesus concealed Himself?…

Chapter LXXI. Jesus taught us who it was that sent Him…

Chapter LXXII. After the above statements, he continues: "If he wished to remain hid…

Chapter LXXIII. The Jew proceeds, after this, to state as a consequence what does not follow from…

Chapter LXXIV. In addition to all this, the Jew further says…

Chapter LXXV. I think what has been stated is enough to convince any one that the unbelief…

Chapter LXXVI. Celsus, in adopting the character of a Jew, could not discover any objections to be…

Chapter LXXVII. After this the Jew remarks, manifestly in accordance with the Jewish belief…

Chapter LXXVIII. The Jew continues: "Did Jesus come into the world for this purpose…

Chapter LXXIX. The conclusion of all these arguments regarding Jesus is thus stated by the Jew…

Book III.

Chapter I. In the first book of our answer to the work of Celsus…

Chapter II. But let Celsus, and those who assent to his charges…

Chapter III. In the next place, miracles were performed in all countries…

Chapter IV. And if the above be the state of the case…

Chapter V. Immediately after these points, Celsus, imagining that the Jews are Egyptians by descent…

Chapter VI. Celsus, therefore, not investigating in a spirit of impartiality the facts…

Chapter VII. In like manner, as the statement is FALSE "that the Hebrews…

Chapter VIII. In the following way, also, we may conclude that they who came out of Egypt…

Chapter IX. But since he is manifestly guilty of falsehood in the statements which follow…

Chapter X. But observe what he alleges as a proof of his statement…

Chapter XI. He says, in addition, that "all the Christians were of one mind…

Chapter XII. In the next place, since he reproaches us with the existence of heresies in Christianity…

Chapter XIII. Now, if these arguments hold good, why should we not defend…

Chapter XIV. After this he continues: "Their union is the more wonderful…

Chapter XV. But again, that it is not the fear of external enemies which strengthens our union…

Chapter XVI. "But what the legends are of every kind which we gather together…

Chapter XVII. He wishes, indeed, to compare the articles of our faith to those of the Egyptians…

Chapter XVIII. In the next place, referring to the statements of the Egyptians…

Chapter XIX. He says, indeed, that "we ridicule the Egyptians, although they present many by no means…

Chapter XX. And we say to those who hold similar opinions to those of Celsus…

Chapter XXI. And I have not yet spoken of the observance of all that is written in…

Chapter XXII. But this low jester Celsus, omitting no species of mockery and ridicule which can be…

Chapter XXIII. But we, in proving the facts related of our Jesus from the prophetic Scriptures…

Chapter XXIV. And again, when it is said of Æsculapius that a great multitude both of Greeks…

Chapter XXV. Now, in order to grant that there did exist a healing spirit named Æsculapius…

Chapter XXVI. Let us see what Celsus says next, when he adduces from history marvellous occurrences…

Chapter XXVII. Now, in answer to this account of Aristeas, we have to say…

Chapter XXVIII. For with what purpose in view did Providence accomplish the marvels related of Aristeas? And…

Chapter XXIX. According to Celsus, then, Apollo wished the Metapontines to treat Aristeas as a god.…

Chapter XXX. For the Church of God, e.…

Chapter XXXI. Now if these things be so, why should it not be consistent with reason to…

Chapter XXXII. But as Celsus next mentions the case of the Clazomenian…

Chapter XXXIII. Celsus, however, shows that he has read a good many Grecian histories…

Chapter XXXIV. I am, however, of opinion that these individuals are the only instances with which Celsus…

Chapter XXXV. But I should like, in answer to him who for some unknown reason advances such…

Chapter XXXVI. But as he next introduces the case of the favourite of Adrian I refer to…

Chapter XXXVII. The Egyptians, then, having been taught to worship Antinous…

Chapter XXXVIII. The belief, then, in Antinous, or any other such person…

Chapter XXXIX. We must notice the remarks which Celsus next makes…

Chapter XL. But observe whether the principles of our faith, harmonizing with the general ideas implanted in…

Chapter XLI. But since he has charged us, I know not how often already…

Chapter XLII. Celsus, then, does not speak as a good reasoner…

Chapter XLIII. He next says of us, that "we ridicule those who worship Jupiter…

Chapter XLIV. After these points Celsus quotes some objections against the doctrine of Jesus…

Chapter XLV. But that the object of Christianity is that we should become wise…

Chapter XLVI. And if you come to the books written after the time of Jesus…

Chapter XLVII. But it is probable that what is written by Paul in the first Epistle to…

Chapter XLVIII. And perhaps also from the words, "For ye see your calling…

Chapter XLIX. This statement also is untrue, that it is "only foolish and low individuals…

Chapter L. But let us see what those statements of his are which follow next in these…

Chapter LI. And if they are not to be blamed for so doing…

Chapter LII. Observe now with regard to the following statement of Celsus…

Chapter LIII. For the word is used by our Paul in writing to the Corinthians…

Chapter LIV. We acknowledge, however, although Celsus will not have it so…

Chapter LV. But as Celsus delights to heap up calumnies against us…

Chapter LVI. Observe now how by such statements he depreciates those amongst us who are teachers of…

Chapter LVII. But who are the teachers whom we call triflers and fools…

Chapter LVIII. But those who, in the opinion of Celsus, resemble the workers in wool in private…

Chapter LIX. Immediately after this, Celsus, perceiving that he has slandered us with too great bitterness…

Chapter LX. And as we teach, moreover, that "wisdom will not enter into the soul of a…

Chapter LXI. Not to participation in mysteries, then, and to fellowship in the wisdom hidden in a…

Chapter LXII. In the next place, throwing a slur upon the exhortations spoken and written to those…

Chapter LXIII. After this, not understanding how it has been said that "every one who exalted himself…

Chapter LXIV. But since he says, in addition to this, "What is this preference of sinners over…

Chapter LXV. He imagines, however, that we utter these exhortations for the conversion of sinners…

Chapter LXVI. Now here Celsus appears to me to have committed a great error…

Chapter LXVII. It is probable, however, that he meant to convey some such meaning as this…

Chapter LXVIII. That philosophical discourses, however, distinguished by orderly arrangement and elegant expression…

Chapter LXIX. Celsus continues in his usual manner, asserting that "to change a nature entirely is exceedingly…

Chapter LXX. In the next place, he objects to the statement…

Chapter LXXI. He next assumes what is not granted by the more rational class of believers…

Chapter LXXII. In the next place, speaking as in the person of a teacher of our doctrine…

Chapter LXXIII. After this he again slanders the ambassador of Christianity…

Chapter LXXIV. He accuses the Christian teacher, moreover of "seeking after the unintelligent.…

Chapter LXXV. But as he afterwards says that "the teacher of Christianity acts like a person who…

Chapter LXXVI. And he produces a second illustration to our disadvantage…

Chapter LXXVII. He next likens our teacher to one suffering from ophthalmia…

Chapter LXXVIII. After having brought against us charges of so serious a kind…

Chapter LXXIX. But if in these matters any one were to imagine that it is superstition rather…

Chapter LXXX. Seeing, however, that Celsus alleges that "Christians are won over by us through vain hopes…

Chapter LXXXI. And do not suppose that it is not in keeping with the Christian religion for…

Book IV.

Chapter I. Having, in the three preceding books, fully stated what occurred to us by way of…

Chapter II. "But that certain Christians and all Jews should maintain…

Chapter III. And he continues: "What is the meaning of such a descent upon the part of…

Chapter IV. The argument which Celsus employs against us and the Jews will be turned against himself…

Chapter V. The illustrious Celsus, taking occasion I know not from what…

Chapter VI. But if you will have us to meet the most ridiculous among the charges of…

Chapter VII. I do not know how it is, that after the foolish remarks which he has…

Chapter VIII. And it is not matter of surprise that in certain generations there have existed prophets…

Chapter IX. There came, then, although Celsus may not wish to admit it…

Chapter X. In the next place, Celsus, as is his custom…

Chapter XI. After this, being desirous to show that it is nothing either wonderful or new which…

Chapter XII. Whether, then, there are cycles of time, and floods…

Chapter XIII. But as it is in mockery that Celsus says we speak of "God coming down…

Chapter XIV. But let us look at what Celsus next with great ostentation announces in the following…

Chapter XV. And with respect to His having descended among men…

Chapter XVI. For there are different appearances, as it were, of the Word…

Chapter XVII. But will not those narratives, especially when they are understood in their proper sense…

Chapter XVIII. But Celsus, lingering over matters which he does not understand…

Chapter XIX. Others, then, may concede to Celsus that God does not undergo a change…

Chapter XX. In the next place, as he represents the Jews accounting in a way peculiar to…

Chapter XXI. But I do not understand how he can imagine the overturning of the tower of…

Chapter XXII. But, according to Celsus, "the Christians, making certain additional statements to those of the Jews…

Chapter XXIII. In the next place, ridiculing after his usual style the race of Jews and Christians…

Chapter XXIV. In reply to these, we ask of those who accept such aspersions as are scattered…

Chapter XXV. But if you depreciate the littleness of man, not on account of his body…

Chapter XXVI. But if it is on account of those opinions of the Christians and Jews which…

Chapter XXVII. And I have not yet spoken of the other evils which prevail amongst men…

Chapter XXVIII. But since he has represented those whom he regards as worms…

Chapter XXIX. But Celsus perhaps has misunderstood certain of those whom he has termed "worms…

Chapter XXX. It appears to me that Celsus has also misunderstood this statement…

Chapter XXXI. After this, wishing to prove that there is no difference between Jews and Christians…

Chapter XXXII. But since nothing belonging to human nature is permanent…

Chapter XXXIII. Immediately after this, Celsus, assailing the contents of the first book of Moses…

Chapter XXXIV. For we inquire of all those who employ such invocations of God…

Chapter XXXV. And let any one who peruses the treatise of Celsus observe whether it does not…

Chapter XXXVI. Celsus in the next place, producing from history other than that of the divine record…

Chapter XXXVII. He charges us, moreover, with introducing "a man formed by the hands of God…

Chapter XXXVIII. In the next place, as it is his object to slander our Scriptures…

Chapter XXXIX. But as Celsus makes a jest also of the serpent…

Chapter XL. But as he asserts that "the Mosaic narrative most impiously represents God as in a…

Chapter XLI. After this he continues as follows: "They speak, in the next place…

Chapter XLII. In order to show that he had read the book of Genesis…

Chapter XLIII. "Altogether absurd, and out of season," he continues, "is the account of the begetting of…

Chapter XLIV. And erring widely from the meaning of Scripture, he says that "God gave wells also…

Chapter XLV. And whereas Celsus ought to have recognised the love of truth displayed by the writers…

Chapter XLVI. Celsus, moreover, sneers at the "hatred" of Esau to which…

Chapter XLVII. Celsus next, for form's sake, and with great want of precision…

Chapter XLVIII. In the next place, as if he had devoted himself solely to the manifestation of…

Chapter XLIX. If Celsus had read the Scriptures in an impartial spirit…

Chapter L. Moreover, if the law of Moses had contained nothing which was to be understood as…

Chapter LI. Celsus appears to me to have heard that there are treatises in existence which contain…

Chapter LII. After this, selecting from all the treatises which contain allegorical explanations and interpretations…

Chapter LIII. I do not know, indeed, how he could conjoin things that do not admit of…

Chapter LIV. But as in the words which I quoted from Celsus…

Chapter LV. But I maintain that, if he had the patience to use his own expression to…

Chapter LVI. Moreover, since Celsus asserts that "the soul is the work of God…

Chapter LVII. See, then, whether we ought to yield to one who…

Chapter LVIII. But we have something more to say to Celsus…

Chapter LIX. For it would, indeed, be absurd that certain stones and buildings should be regarded as…

Chapter LX. He next proceeds to say, that "a common nature pervades all the previously mentioned bodies…

Chapter LXI. He maintains, moreover, that "no product of matter is immortal.…

Chapter LXII. After these matters, then, he thinks that he can make us acquainted in a few…

Chapter LXIII. I do not understand how Celsus, while admitting the existence of Providence…

Chapter LXIV. And now, after these arguments, and others of a similar kind…

Chapter LXV. After this Celsus continues: "It is not easy, indeed…

Chapter LXVI. Celsus in the next place, as if he were able to tell certain secrets regarding…

Chapter LXVII. I do not understand how Celsus should deem it of advantage…

Chapter LXVIII. Celsus, however, says that it is only "the course of mortal things which…

Chapter LXIX. He continues to say that "neither have visible things been given to man by God…

Chapter LXX. Celsus has made a statement regarding evils of the following nature…

Chapter LXXI. But as, in what follows, Celsus, not understanding that the language of Scripture regarding God…

Chapter LXXII. We speak, indeed, of the "wrath" of God.…

Chapter LXXIII. And as a sequel to his non-understanding of the statements regarding the "wrath" of God…

Chapter LXXIV. He next, in many words, blames us for asserting that God made all things for…

Chapter LXXV. For, in the first place, he is of opinion that "thunders…

Chapter LXXVI. After this, Celsus, desirous of maintaining that Providence created the products of the earth…

Chapter LXXVII. In the next place, forgetting that his object is to accuse both Jews and Christians…

Chapter LXXVIII. He next proceeds further to object against himself what is said on behalf of man…

Chapter LXXIX. In the next place, in answer to the human race…

Chapter LXXX. Those holy Scriptures, moreover, which bear the name of Moses…

Chapter LXXXI. Our noble opponent, however, not observing how many philosophers there are who admit the existence…

Chapter LXXXII. Perhaps also the so-called wars among the bees convey instruction as to the manner in…

Chapter LXXXIII. After Celsus has finished speaking of the bees, in order to depreciate as far as…

Chapter LXXXIV. And since he asserts that, "when ants die, the survivors set apart a special place…

Chapter LXXXV. He is not ashamed, moreover, to say, in addition to these statements that the unseemly…

Chapter LXXXVI. Immediately after this, as if doing his utmost to reduce the human race to a…

Chapter LXXXVII. Let it be granted, however, that there are other prophylactics against poisons known to animals…

Chapter LXXXVIII. And wishing to show at greater length that even the thoughts of God entertained by…

Chapter LXXXIX. Celsus, however, seeing he wished to prove by the foregoing statements that the irrational animals…

Chapter XC. But we have a few remarks to make, out of a larger number…

Chapter XCI. But besides, if birds of augury converse with one another…

Chapter XCII. In my opinion, however, it is certain wicked demons…

Chapter XCIII. For which reason, whatever else there may be in the writings of Moses which excites…

Chapter XCIV. But if the soul of birds is to be esteemed divine because future events are…

Chapter XCV. The TRUE God, however, neither employs irrational animals, nor any individuals whom chance may offer…

Chapter XCVI. We ought to take note, however, that the power of foreknowing the future is by…

Chapter XCVII. How impious, indeed, is the assertion of this man…

Chapter XCVIII. I do not know, moreover, how Celsus could hear of the elephants' fidelity to oaths…

Chapter XCIX. In addition to all that he has already said…

Elucidation. Stated in obscure terms, with advantage…

Book V.

Chapter I. It is not, my reverend Ambrosius, because we seek after many words -- a thing…

Chapter II. We have now, then, to refute that statement of his which runs as follows…

Chapter III. But observe how, in his desire to subvert our opinions…

Chapter IV. But since he says, in the next place, as if the Jews or Christians had…

Chapter V. For to invoke angels without having obtained a knowledge of their nature greater than is…

Chapter VI. He next proceeds to make the following statement about the Jews…

Chapter VII. Having, moreover, assumed that the Jews consider the heaven to be God…

Chapter VIII. As we allege, however, that he has fallen into confusion in consequence of FALSE notions…

Chapter IX. And still continuing a little confused, and not taking care to see what was relevant…

Chapter X. And if it be necessary for us to offer a defence of our refusal to…

Chapter XI. But even this rational light itself ought not to be worshipped by him who beholds…

Chapter XII. God accordingly, in His kindness, condescends to mankind, not in any local sense…

Chapter XIII. Celsus, moreover, assumes that sun, and moon, and stars are regarded by us as of…

Chapter XIV. The following, then, are his words: "It is folly on their part to suppose that…

Chapter XV. Observe, now, here at the very beginning, how, in ridiculing the doctrine of a conflagration…

Chapter XVI. From what has been said, it will be manifest to intelligent hearers how we have…

Chapter XVII. Then, in the next place, having either himself misunderstood the sacred Scriptures…

Chapter XVIII. But since he has ridiculed at great length the doctrine of the resurrection of the…

Chapter XIX. God, then, gives to each thing its own body as He pleases…

Chapter XX. But since our views regarding the resurrection have, as far as time would permit…

Chapter XXI. The disciples of Pythagoras, too, and of Plato, although they appear to hold the incorruptibility…

Chapter XXII. Let no one, however, suspect that, in speaking as we do…

Chapter XXIII. We, therefore, do not maintain that the body which has undergone corruption resumes its original…

Chapter XXIV. Moreover, as we have already said that for God to desire anything unbecoming Himself would…

Chapter XXV. Let us next notice the statements of Celsus, which follow the preceding…

Chapter XXVI. "We must," he says, "observe the laws, not only because it has occurred to the…

Chapter XXVII. Any one, indeed, who chooses, may relate how the various quarters of the earth…

Chapter XXVIII. It is probable, however, that to such remarks as the above…

Chapter XXIX. It appears to me, indeed, that Celsus has misunderstood some of the deeper reasons relating…

Chapter XXX. All the people upon the earth are to be regarded as having used one divine…

Chapter XXXI. Now, in the next place, if any one has the capacity…

Chapter XXXII. And by this means let those who have the capacity of comprehending truths so profound…

Chapter XXXIII. The remarks which we have made not only answer the statements of Celsus regarding the…

Chapter XXXIV. But, that we may not pass without notice what Celsus has said between these and…

Chapter XXXV. The argument of Celsus appears to point by these illustrations to this conclusion…

Chapter XXXVI. But what sort of being is this Ammon of Herodotus…

Chapter XXXVII. As there are, then, generally two laws presented to us…

Chapter XXXVIII. I wish, however, to show how Celsus asserts without any good reason…

Chapter XXXIX. We must therefore inquire what may be fittingly eaten or not by the rational and…

Chapter XL. But since, after Celsus had spoken to the above effect of the different kinds of…

Chapter XLI. Let us notice the charges which are next advanced by Celsus…

Chapter XLII. It is evident that, by the preceding remarks, Celsus charges the Jews with falsely giving…

Chapter XLIII. But what need is there to point out how agreeable to sound reason…

Chapter XLIV. But as Celsus would compare the venerable customs of the Jews with the laws of…

Chapter XLV. As Celsus, however, is of opinion that it matters nothing whether the highest being be…

Chapter XLVI. It was for these and similar mysterious reasons, with which Moses and the prophets were…

Chapter XLVII. Now the reason why circumcision is practised among the Jews is not the same as…

Chapter XLVIII. Although the Jews, then, pride themselves on circumcision, they will separate it not only from…

Chapter XLIX. But neither do the Jews pride themselves upon abstaining from swine's flesh…

Chapter L. Celsus, still expressing his opinion regarding the Jews, says…

Chapter LI. But seeing that we have answered to the best of our ability the charges brought…

Chapter LII. But the statement of Celsus which we wish to examine at present is the following…

Chapter LIII. The preceding remarks might suffice as an answer to the charges of Celsus…

Chapter LIV. In the next place, he proceeds to answer himself as he thinks fit in the…

Chapter LV. But, that we may grant to him in a spirit of candour what he has…

Chapter LVI. Proceeding immediately after to mix up and compare with one another things that are dissimilar…

Chapter LVII. Now, that miraculous appearances have sometimes been witnessed by human beings…

Chapter LVIII. But Celsus challenges the account also that an angel rolled away the stone from the…

Chapter LIX. Celsus then continues: "The Jews accordingly, and these clearly meaning the Christians…

Chapter LX. If, however, it be necessary to express ourselves with precision in our answer to Celsus…

Chapter LXI. After the above remarks he proceeds as follows: "Let no one suppose that I am…

Chapter LXII. He next pours down upon us a heap of names…

Chapter LXIII. In the next place, that he may have the appearance of knowing still more than…

Chapter LXIV. Celsus appears to me to have misunderstood the statement of the apostle…

Chapter LXV. But since he asserts that "you may hear all those who differ so widely saying…

Book VI.

Chapter I. In beginning this our sixth book, we desire, my reverend Ambrosius…

Chapter II. I have made these remarks in reply to the charges which Celsus and others bring…

Chapter III. Let the ancient sages, then, make known their sayings to those who are capable of…

Chapter IV. Notwithstanding, those who have written in this manner regarding the "chief good" will go down…

Chapter V. But that a light is suddenly kindled in the soul…

Chapter VI. Seeing, however, that Celsus quotes from an epistle of Plato another statement to the following…

Chapter VII. There might also be found in the writings of Moses and of the prophets…

Chapter VIII. In the next place, after other Platonic declarations, which demonstrate that "the good" can be…

Chapter IX. Celsus quotes another saying of Plato to the following effect…

Chapter X. He next continues: "You see how Plato, although maintaining that the chief good cannot be…

Chapter XI. After this Celsus continues: "If these meaning the Christians bring forward this person…

Chapter XII. Accordingly, let us pass on to another charge made by Celsus…

Chapter XIII. According to the foregoing, then, the one kind of wisdom is human…

Chapter XIV. In designating others by the epithets of "uninstructed, and servile…

Chapter XV. Celsus, in the next place, as one who has heard the subject of humility greatly…

Chapter XVI. In the next place, with regard to the declaration of Jesus against rich men…

Chapter XVII. Since Celsus, moreover, from a desire to depreciate the accounts which our Scriptures give of…

Chapter XVIII. I thought it right to quote these few instances from a much larger number of…

Chapter XIX. Celsus in the next place alleges, that "certain Christians…

Chapter XX. Now, to those who are capable of understanding him…

Chapter XXI. The Scriptures which are current in the Churches of God do not speak of "seven"…

Chapter XXII. After this, Celsus, desiring to exhibit his learning in his treatise against us…

Chapter XXIII. If one wished to obtain means for a profounder contemplation of the entrance of souls…

Chapter XXIV. After the instance borrowed from the Mithraic mysteries, Celsus declares that he who would investigate…

Chapter XXV. In this diagram were described ten circles, distinct from each other…

Chapter XXVI. It is in the precincts of Jerusalem, then, that punishments will be inflicted upon those…

Chapter XXVII. After the matter of the diagram, he brings forward certain monstrous statements…

Chapter XXVIII. With some such object as this in view does Celsus seem to have been actuated…

Chapter XXIX. In the next place, as if it were the Christians whom he was calumniating…

Chapter XXX. He next returns to the subject of the Seven ruling Demons…

Chapter XXXI. Moreover, if any one would wish to become acquainted with the artifices of those sorcerers…

Chapter XXXII. The supposed great learning of Celsus, which is composed…

Chapter XXXIII. Celsus next relates other fables, to the effect that "certain persons return to the shapes…

Chapter XXXIV. After finishing the foregoing, and those analogous matters which we ourselves have added…

Chapter XXXV. It is our practice, indeed, to make use of the words of the prophets…

Chapter XXXVI. We would say, moreover, that death ceases in the world when the sin of the…

Chapter XXXVII. Celsus, moreover, thinks that we have invented this "tree of life" to give an allegorical…

Chapter XXXVIII. Our noble friend, moreover, not satisfied with the objections which he has drawn from the…

Chapter XXXIX. In the next place, speaking of those who employ the arts of magic and sorcery…

Chapter XL. After these things, Celsus appears to me to act like those who…

Chapter XLI. In the next place, as if he had forgotten that it was his object to…

Chapter XLII. After these matters, Celsus brings the following charges against us from another quarter…

Chapter XLIII. Mark now, whether he who charges us with having committed errors of the most impious…

Chapter XLIV. For it is impossible that the good which is the result of accident…

Chapter XLV. But since Celsus rejects the statements concerning Antichrist, as it is termed…

Chapter XLVI. It is thus that the apostle expresses himself: "We beseech you…

Chapter XLVII. Celsus, after what has been said, goes on as follows…

Chapter XLVIII. In the next place, when the philosophers of the Porch…

Chapter XLIX. Let us notice now what follows, where, expressing in a single word his opinion regarding…

Chapter L. In the next place, Celsus, after heaping together, simply as mere assertions…

Chapter LI. On the present occasion, however, it is not our object to enter into an explanation…

Chapter LII. Celsus proceeds as follows: "With regard to the origin of the world and its destruction…

Chapter LIII. In the next place, mixing up together various heresies…

Chapter LIV. Let us see, then, briefly what holy Scripture has to say regarding good and evil…

Chapter LV. Passages, indeed, might be found where corporeal and external benefits are improperly called "good…

Chapter LVI. If we speak, however, of what are called "corporeal" and "external" evils…

Chapter LVII. With respect to the question, "How is he incapable of persuading and admonishing men?" it…

Chapter LVIII. There is next to be answered the following query…

Chapter LIX. Celsus, in the next place, suspecting, or perhaps seeing clearly enough…

Chapter LX. But after this investigation of his assertions, as if his object were to swell his…

Chapter LXI. Again, not understanding the meaning of the words, "And God ended on the sixth day…

Chapter LXII. Celsus, again, having perhaps misunderstood the words, "For the mouth of the Lord hath spoken…

Chapter LXIII. Celsus, not observing the difference between "after the image of God" and "God's image…

Chapter LXIV. Celsus, again, brings together a number of statements, which he gives as admissions on our…

Chapter LXV. Celsus proceeds to say of God that "of Him are all things…

Chapter LXVI. Let us look also at his next statement, in which he introduces…

Chapter LXVII. The remark, indeed, was TRUE which Celsus made, that any one…

Chapter LXVIII. Accordingly, if Celsus were to ask us how we think we know God…

Chapter LXIX. Celsus, however, asserts that the answer which we give is based upon a probable conjecture…

Chapter LXX. If Celsus, indeed, had understood our teaching regarding the Spirit of God…

Chapter LXXI. Celsus accordingly, as not understanding the doctrine relating to the Spirit of God "for the…

Chapter LXXII. It is therefore in vain that Celsus asserts, as one who knows not the nature…

Chapter LXXIII. He proceeds to repeat himself, and after saying a great deal which he had said…

Chapter LXXIV. After this he returns to the subject of Marcion's opinions having already spoken frequently of…

Chapter LXXV. To the preceding remarks he adds the following: "Since a divine Spirit inhabited the body…

Chapter LXXVI. Let it be supposed, however, that he had not read the prophecy…

Chapter LXXVII. But again, how did he who said, "Since a divine Spirit inhabited the body of…

Chapter LXXVIII. Celsus next makes certain observations of the following nature…

Chapter LXXIX. And therefore there was no need that there should everywhere exist many bodies…

Chapter LXXX. After this, it seemed proper to Celsus to term the Chaldeans a most divinely-inspired nation…

Chapter LXXXI. I do not understand, however, how he should say of God…

Book VII.

Chapter I. In the six former books we have endeavoured, reverend brother Ambrosius…

Chapter II. Celsus now sets himself to combat the views of those who say that the Jewish…

Chapter III. Celsus goes on to say of us: "They set no value on the oracles of…

Chapter IV. Accordingly, we can show from an examination of the sacred Scriptures…

Chapter V. Moreover, if it is believed not only among Christians and Jews…

Chapter VI. But no; the Pythian, so much admired among the Greeks…

Chapter VII. In regard to the prophets among the Jews, some of them were wise men before…

Chapter VIII. I do not know what led Celsus, when saying…

Chapter IX. But as Celsus promises to give an account of the manner in which prophecies are…

Chapter X. But if he were dealing honestly in his accusations…

Chapter XI. I am convinced, indeed, that much better arguments could be adduced than any I have…

Chapter XII. He thinks, besides, that those who support the cause of Christ by a reference to…

Chapter XIII. And there is no truth in the statement of Celsus…

Chapter XIV. In the next place, wishing to shake the faith of those who believe in Jesus…

Chapter XV. After assuming that some things were foretold which are impossible in themselves…

Chapter XVI. But besides, the prophecies which he introduces into his argument are very different from what…

Chapter XVII. In one point alone is Celsus correct in his statements on this subject.…

Chapter XVIII. Celsus adds: "Will they not besides make this reflection? If the prophets of the God…

Chapter XIX. Now if these words in the law, "Thou shalt have dominion over many nations…

Chapter XX. Celsus adds, that it was foretold to the Jews…

Chapter XXI. When, then, the letter of the law promises riches to the just…

Chapter XXII. If I must now explain how the just man "slays his enemies…

Chapter XXIII. From what has been said, it is clear then that Jesus…

Chapter XXIV. The pursuit of human glory, we maintain, is forbidden not only by the teaching of…

Chapter XXV. Celsus then extracts from the Gospel the precept, "To him who strikes thee once…

Chapter XXVI. However, if we must refer briefly to the difference between the constitution which was given…

Chapter XXVII. After this Celsus relates at length opinions which he ascribes to us…

Chapter XXVIII. After thus misrepresenting our views of the nature of God…

Chapter XXIX. If, then, the whole earth has been cursed in the deeds of Adam and of…

Chapter XXX. It seems to me also that the fancy of Plato…

Chapter XXXI. Referring to the passage in the Phædon of Plato…

Chapter XXXII. Celsus next assails the doctrine of the resurrection, which is a high and difficult doctrine…

Chapter XXXIII. As Celsus supposes that we uphold the doctrine of the resurrection in order that we…

Chapter XXXIV. And we do not ask the question, "How shall we go to God?" as though…

Chapter XXXV. Seeking God, then, in this way, we have no need to visit the oracles of…

Chapter XXXVI. After these remarks of Celsus, which we have endeavoured to answer as we could…

Chapter XXXVII. Now if this is a TRUE account of what constitutes the right and the wrong…

Chapter XXXVIII. Since we hold that the great God is in essence simple…

Chapter XXXIX. Now let us hear what it is that he invites us to learn…

Chapter XL. Next to the remarks of Celsus on which we have already commented…

Chapter XLI. But let us consider who those persons are whose guidance Celsus would have us to…

Chapter XLII. Celsus next refers us to Plato as to a more effective teacher of theological truth…

Chapter XLIII. Observe that when Plato says, that "after having found out the Creator and Father of…

Chapter XLIV. Celsus supposes that we may arrive at a knowledge of God either by combining or…

Chapter XLV. But let us see further what the things are which he proposes to teach us…

Chapter XLVI. We are careful not to oppose fair arguments even if they proceed from those who…

Chapter XLVII. For Scripture testifies, in regard to those who have a knowledge of those things of…

Chapter XLVIII. But those who are despised for their ignorance, and set down as fools and abject…

Chapter XLIX. What I have now said, then, is offered not for the purpose of cavilling with…

Chapter L. Celsus has not explained how error accompanies the "becoming…

Chapter LI. But what need is there to quote any more passages against Celsus…

Chapter LII. And let not Celsus be angry if we describe as lame and mutilated in soul…

Chapter LIII. After these remarks of Celsus, which we have done our best to refute…

Chapter LIV. But since he sends us to Hercules, let him repeat to us any of his…

Chapter LV. When, to his enumeration of those to whom he would send us…

Chapter LVI. Celsus then adds, for what reason I know not…

Chapter LVII. After this, as though his object was to swell the size of his book…

Chapter LVIII. Let us now consider what follows.…

Chapter LIX. When Celsus here or elsewhere finds himself unable to dispute the truth of what we…

Chapter LX. Now, after understanding this illustration, we have to apply it to the qualities of spiritual…

Chapter LXI. From these remarks it is evident, that when Jesus said "coarsely…

Chapter LXII. Let us now see what follows.…

Chapter LXIII. To this our answer is, that if the Scythians…

Chapter LXIV. As, then, this act of self-restraint, which in appearance is one and the same…

Chapter LXV. In regard to the Persians, we have already said that though they do not build…

Chapter LXVI. And the charge of folly applies not only to those who offer prayers to images…

Chapter LXVII. His next remark upon the Christians is: "They will admit that these images…

Chapter LXVIII. After all that we have already said concerning Jesus…

Chapter LXIX. And it is not we alone who speak of wicked demons…

Chapter LXX. His next remark was, "Have not these inferior powers had assigned to them by God…

Book VIII.

Chapter I. Having completed seven books, I now propose to begin the eighth.…

Chapter II. In a passage previously quoted Celsus asks us why we do not worship demons…

Chapter III. Before proceeding to the next point, it may be well for us to see whether…

Chapter IV. The sacred Scriptures teach us to think, in like manner…

Chapter V. Whilst there are thus many gods and lords, whereof some are such in reality…

Chapter VI. But when we refuse to serve any other than God through His word and wisdom…

Chapter VII. But when Celsus speaks of heroes and demons, he starts a deeper question than he…

Chapter VIII. For if he answers, as one who is unlearned and ignorant of philosophy…

Chapter IX. And observe the recklessness of that expression, "For if thou worship any other of the…

Chapter X. But that the honour which we pay to the Son of God…

Chapter XI. He adds, "And indeed he who, when speaking of God…

Chapter XII. In what follows, some may imagine that he says something plausible against us.…

Chapter XIII. He further supposes, that "because we join along with the worship of God the worship…

Chapter XIV. Again Celsus proceeds: "If you should tell them that Jesus is not the Son of…

Chapter XV. Celsus goes on to say: "That I may give a TRUE representation of their faith…

Chapter XVI. The remaining part of the extract given by Celsus seems to have been taken from…

Chapter XVII. Celsus then proceeds to say that "we shrink from raising altars…

Chapter XVIII. And every one who imitates Him according to his ability…

Chapter XIX. And if, further, temples are to be compared with temples…

Chapter XX. There are, then, among the righteous some who are carbuncles…

Chapter XXI. Let us see what Celsus further says of God…

Chapter XXII. If it be objected to us on this subject that we ourselves are accustomed to…

Chapter XXIII. But the majority of those who are accounted believers are not of this advanced class…

Chapter XXIV. Let us now see on what grounds Celsus urges us to make use of the…

Chapter XXV. Celsus says that "the demons belong to God, and are therefore to be believed…

Chapter XXVI. And we are not to believe in demons, although Celsus urges us to do so…

Chapter XXVII. And Christians have nothing to fear, even if demons should not be well-disposed to them…

Chapter XXVIII. We shall now proceed to the next statement of Celsus…

Chapter XXIX. But it is to be observed that the Jews…

Chapter XXX. For that which is offered to idols is sacrificed to demons…

Chapter XXXI. Celsus afterwards states what is adduced by Jews and Christians alike in defence of abstinence…

Chapter XXXII. The Psalmist bears witness that divine justice employs certain evil angels to inflict calamities upon…

Chapter XXXIII. From this it is evident that we have already met the next statement of Celsus…

Chapter XXXIV. Celsus would also have us to offer first-fruits to demons.…

Chapter XXXV. Now let us consider another saying of Celsus, which is as follows…

Chapter XXXVI. But the angels, who are the TRUE rulers and generals and ministers of God…

Chapter XXXVII. In the next place, Celsus forgets that he is addressing Christians…

Chapter XXXVIII. He next represents Christians as saying what he never heard from any Christian…

Chapter XXXIX. After putting such words into our mouth, and maliciously charging Christians with sentiments which they…

Chapter XL. Such is our doctrine of punishment; and the inculcation of this doctrine turns many from…

Chapter XLI. He then goes on to rail against us after the manner of old wives.…

Chapter XLII. There is an inconsistency into which, strangely enough, Celsus has fallen unawares.…

Chapter XLIII. Some new thing, then, has come to pass since the time that Jesus suffered…

Chapter XLIV. But when the souls of those who die for the Christian faith depart from the…

Chapter XLV. Let us see what Celsus next goes on to say.…

Chapter XLVI. It is related of the priestess of Apollo, that she at times allowed herself to…

Chapter XLVII. But the Greeks will say that these accounts are fabulous…

Chapter XLVIII. In the next place, Celsus, after referring to the enthusiasm with which men will contend…

Chapter XLIX. Let us see in what terms Celsus next addresses us…

Chapter L. But since he reproaches us with too great an anxiety about the body…

Chapter LI. In the next place, he expresses his approval of those who "hope that eternal life…

Chapter LII. For we who have been persuaded by many, yea by innumerable…

Chapter LIII. Having said so much on this subject, let us proceed to another statement of Celsus…

Chapter LIV. When Celsus adds, "We must therefore believe that men are entrusted to certain beings who…

Chapter LV. Celsus goes on to say: "They must make their choice between two alternatives.…

Chapter LVI. Although, therefore, Celsus would, in his own words, "drive us with all haste out of…

Chapter LVII. Celsus supposes that men "discharge the duties of life until they are loosened from its…

Chapter LVIII. Celsus goes on to say: "Let any one inquire of the Egyptians…

Chapter LIX. Probably those who embrace the views of Celsus will smile at us when we say…

Chapter LX. Celsus, however, suspecting that the tendency of such teaching as he here gives is to…

Chapter LXI. For consider with yourself which disposition of mind will be more acceptable to the Most…

Chapter LXII. In a former passage, Celsus had spoken at length on the subject of oracles…

Chapter LXIII. After having said so much of the demons, and of their fondness for blood and…

Chapter LXIV. There is therefore One whose favour we should seek…

Chapter LXV. Moreover, we are to despise ingratiating ourselves with kings or any other men…

Chapter LXVI. Then Celsus, following the example of those who are under the influence of demons --…

Chapter LXVII. And to regard these myths in a figurative sense…

Chapter LXVIII. Celsus goes on to say: "We must not disobey the ancient writer…

Chapter LXIX. Celsus, then, as if not observing that he was saying anything inconsistent with the words…

Chapter LXX. But if all the Romans, according to the supposition of Celsus…

Chapter LXXI. Celsus again, as is usual with him, gets confused…

Chapter LXXII. Afterwards he says: "If it were possible," implying at the same time that he thought…

Chapter LXXIII. In the next place, Celsus urges us "to help the king with all our might…

Chapter LXXIV. And if Celsus would have us to lead armies in defence of our country…

Chapter LXXV. Celsus also urges us to "take office in the government of the country…

Chapter LXXVI. You have here, reverend Ambrosius, the conclusion of what we have been enabled to accomplish…




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Origen Against Celsus
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