On Christian Doctrine In Four Books.
Introductory Note by the Editor.
Contents of Christian Doctrine.
Chapter 1.--The Interpretation of Scripture Depends on the Discovery and Enunciation of the Meaning, and is to Be Undertaken in Dependence on God's Aid.
Chapter 2.--What a Thing Is, and What A Sign.
Chapter 3.--Some Things are for Use, Some for Enjoyment.
Chapter 4.--Difference of Use and Enjoyment.
Chapter 5.--The Trinity the True Object of Enjoyment.
Chapter 6.--In What Sense God is Ineffable.
Chapter 7.--What All Men Understand by the Term God.
Chapter 8.--God to Be Esteemed Above All Else, Because He is Unchangeable Wisdom.
Chapter 9.--All Acknowledge the Superiority of Unchangeable Wisdom to that Which is Variable.
Chapter 10.--To See God, the Soul Must Be Purified.
Chapter 11.--Wisdom Becoming Incarnate, a Pattern to Us of Purification.
Chapter 12.--In What Sense the Wisdom of God Came to Us.
Chapter 13.--The Word Was Made Flesh.
Chapter 14.--How the Wisdom of God Healed Man.
Chapter 15.--Faith is Buttressed by the Resurrection and Ascension of Christ, and is Stimulated by His Coming to Judgment.
Chapter 16.--Christ Purges His Church by Medicinal Afflictions.
Chapter 17.--Christ, by Forgiving Our Sins, Opened the Way to Our Home.
Chapter 18.--The Keys Given to the Church.
Chapter 19.--Bodily and Spiritual Death and Resurrection.
Chapter 20.--The Resurrection to Damnation.
Chapter 21.--Neither Body Nor Soul Extinguished at Death.
Chapter 22.--God Alone to Be Enjoyed.
Chapter 23.--Man Needs No Injunction to Love Himself and His Own Body.
Chapter 24.--No Man Hates His Own Flesh, Not Even Those Who Abuse It.
Chapter 25.--A Man May Love Something More Than His Body, But Does Not Therefore Hate His Body.
Chapter 26.--The Command to Love God and Our Neighbor Includes a Command to Love Ourselves.
Chapter 27.--The Order of Love.
Chapter 28.--How We are to Decide Whom to Aid.
Chapter 29.--We are to Desire and Endeavor that All Men May Love God.
Chapter 30.--Whether Angels are to Be Reckoned Our Neighbors.
Chapter 31.--God Uses Rather Than Enjoys Us.
Chapter 32.--In What Way God Uses Man.
Chapter 33.--In What Way Man Should Be Enjoyed.
Chapter 34.--Christ the First Way to God.
Chapter 35.--The Fulfillment and End of Scripture is the Love of God and Our Neighbor.
Chapter 36.--That Interpretation of Scripture Which Builds Us Up in Love is Not Perniciously Deceptive Nor Mendacious, Even Though It Be Faulty. The Interpreter, However, Should Be Corrected.
Chapter 37.--Dangers of Mistaken Interpretation.
Chapter 38.--Love Never Faileth.
Chapter 39.--He Who is Mature in Faith, Hope and Love, Needs Scripture No Longer.
Chapter 40.--What Manner of Reader Scripture Demands.
Chapter 1.--Signs, Their Nature and Variety.
Chapter 2.--Of the Kind of Signs We are Now Concerned with.
Chapter 3.--Among Signs, Words Hold the Chief Place.
Chapter 4.--Origin of Writing.
Chapter 5.--Scripture Translated into Various Languages.
Chapter 6.--Use of the Obscurities in Scripture Which Arise from Its Figurative Language.
Chapter 7.--Steps to Wisdom: First, Fear; Second, Piety; Third, Knowledge; Fourth, Resolution; Fifth, Counsel; Sixth, Purification of Heart; Seventh, Stop or Termination, Wisdom.
Chapter 8.--The Canonical Books.
Chapter 9.--How We Should Proceed in Studying Scripture.
Chapter 10.--Unknown or Ambiguous Signs Prevent Scripture from Being Understood.
Chapter 11.--Knowledge of Languages, Especially of Greek and Hebrew, Necessary to Remove Ignorance or Signs.
Chapter 12.--A Diversity of Interpretations is Useful. Errors Arising from Ambiguous Words.
Chapter 13.--How Faulty Interpretations Can Be Emended.
Chapter 14.--How the Meaning of Unknown Words and Idioms is to Be Discovered.
Chapter 15.--Among Versions a Preference is Given to the Septuagint and the Itala.
Chapter 16.--The Knowledge Both of Language and Things is Helpful for the Understanding of Figurative Expressions.
Chapter 17.--Origin of the Legend of the Nine Muses.
Chapter 18.--No Help is to Be Despised, Even Though It Come from a Profane Source.
Chapter 19.--Two Kinds Of Heathen Knowledge.
Chapter 20.--The Superstitious Nature of Human Institutions.
Chapter 21.--Superstition of Astrologers.
Chapter 22 .--The Folly of Observing the Stars in Order to Predict the Events of a Life.
Chapter 23.--Why We Repudiate Arts of Divination.
Chapter 24.--The Intercourse and Agreement with Demons Which Superstitious Observances Maintain.
Chapter 25.--In Human Institutions Which are Not Superstitious, There are Some Things Superfluous and Some Convenient and Necessary.
Chapter 26.--What Human Contrivances We are to Adopt, and What We are to Avoid.
Chapter 27.--Some Departments of Knowledge, Not of Mere Human Invention, Aid Us in Interpreting Scripture.
Chapter 28.--To What Extent History is an Aid.
Chapter 29.--To What Extent Natural Science is an Exegetical Aid.
Chapter 30.--What the Mechanical Arts Contribute to Exegetics.
Chapter 31.--Use of Dialectics. Of Fallacies.
Chapter 32.--Valid Logical Sequence is Not Devised But Only Observed by Man.
Chapter 33.--False Inferences May Be Drawn from Valid Reasonings, and Vice Versa.
Chapter 34.--It is One Thing to Know the Laws of Inference, Another to Know the Truth of Opinions.
Chapter 35 .--The Science of Definition is Not False, Though It May Be Applied to Falsities.
Chapter 36.--The Rules of Eloquence are True, Though Sometimes Used to Persuade Men of What is False.
Chapter 37.--Use of Rhetoric and Dialectic.
Chapter 38.--The Science of Numbers Not Created, But Only Discovered, by Man.
Chapter 39.--To Which of the Above-Mentioned Studies Attention Should Be Given, and in What Spirit.
Chapter 40.--Whatever Has Been Rightly Said by the Heathen, We Must Appropriate to Our Uses.
Chapter 41.--What Kind of Spirit is Required for the Study of Holy Scripture.
Chapter 42.--Sacred Scripture Compared with Profane Authors.
Chapter 1 .--Summary of the Foregoing Books, and Scope of that Which Follows.
Chapter 2.--Rule for Removing Ambiguity by Attending to Punctuation.
Chapter 3.--How Pronunciation Serves to Remove Ambiguity. Different Kinds of Interrogation.
Chapter 4.--How Ambiguities May Be Solved.
Chapter 5.--It is a Wretched Slavery Which Takes the Figurative Expressions of Scripture in a Literal Sense.
Chapter 6.--Utility of the Bondage of the Jews.
Chapter 7.--The Useless Bondage of the Gentiles.
Chapter 8.--The Jews Liberated from Their Bondage in One Way, the Gentiles in Another.
Chapter 9.--Who is in Bondage to Signs, and Who Not.
Chapter 10.--How We are to Discern Whether a Phrase is Figurative.
Chapter 11.--Rule for Interpreting Phrases Which Seem to Ascribe Severity to God and the Saints.
Chapter 12.--Rule for Interpreting Those Sayings and Actions Which are Ascribed to God and the Saints, and Which Yet Seem to the Unskillful to Be Wicked.
Chapter 13.--Same Subject, Continued.
Chapter 14.--Error of Those Who Think that There is No Absolute Right and Wrong.
Chapter 15.--Rule for Interpreting Figurative Expressions.
Chapter 16.--Rule for Interpreting Commands and Prohibitions.
Chapter 17.--Some Commands are Given to All in Common, Others to Particular Classes.
Chapter 18.--We Must Take into Consideration the Time at Which Anything Was Enjoyed or Allowed.
Chapter 19.--Wicked Men Judge Others by Themselves.
Chapter 20.--Consistency of Good Men in All Outward Circumstances.
Chapter 21.--David Not Lustful, Though He Fell into Adultery.
Chapter 22.--Rule Regarding Passages of Scripture in Which Approval is Expressed of Actions Which are Now Condemned by Good Men.
Chapter 23.--Rule Regarding the Narrative of Sins of Great Men.
Chapter 24.--The Character of the Expressions Used is Above All to Have Weight.
Chapter 25.--The Same Word Does Not Always Signify the Same Thing.
Chapter 26.--Obscure Passages are to Be Interpreted by Those Which are Clearer.
Chapter 27.--One Passage Susceptible of Various Interpretations.
Chapter 28.-- It is Safer to Explain a Doubtful Passage by Other Passages of Scripture Than by Reason.
Chapter 29.--The Knowledge of Tropes is Necessary.
Chapter 30.--The Rules of Tichonius the Donatist Examined.
Chapter 31.--The First Rule of Tichonius.
Chapter 32.--The Second Rule of Tichonius.
Chapter 33.--The Third Rule of Tichonius.
Chapter 34.--The Fourth Rule of Tichonius.
Chapter 35.--The Fifth Rule of Tichonius.
Chapter 36.--The Sixth Rule of Tichonius.
Chapter 37.--The Seventh Rule of Tichonius.
Chapter 1.--This Work Not Intended as a Treatise on Rhetoric.
Chapter 2.--It is Lawful for a Christian Teacher to Use the Art of Rhetoric.
Chapter 3.--The Proper Age and the Proper Means for Acquiring Rhetorical Skill.
Chapter 4.--The Duty of the Christian Teacher.
Chapter 5.--Wisdom of More Importance Than Eloquence to the Christian Teacher.
Chapter 6.--The Sacred Writers Unite Eloquence with Wisdom.
Chapter 7.--Examples of True Eloquence Drawn from the Epistles of Paul and the Prophecies of Amos.
Chapter 8.--The Obscurity of the Sacred Writers, Though Compatible with Eloquence, Not to Be Imitated by Christian Teachers.
Chapter 9.--How, and with Whom, Difficult Passages are to Be Discussed.
Chapter 10.--The Necessity for Perspicuity of Style.
Chapter 11.--The Christian Teacher Must Speak Clearly, But Not Inelegantly.
Chapter 12.--The Aim of the Orator, According to Cicero, is to Teach, to Delight, and to Move. Of These, Teaching is the Most Essential.
Chapter 13.--The Hearer Must Be Moved as Well as Instructed.
Chapter 14.--Beauty of Diction to Be in Keeping with the Matter.
Chapter 15.--The Christian Teacher Should Pray Before Preaching.
Chapter 16.--Human Directions Not to Be Despised, Though God Makes the True Teacher.
Chapter 17.--Threefold Division of The Various Styles of Speech.
Chapter 18.--The Christian Orator is Constantly Dealing with Great Matters.
Chapter 19.--The Christian Teacher Must Use Different Styles on Different Occasions.
Chapter 20.--Examples of the Various Styles Drawn from Scripture.
Chapter 21.--Examples of the Various Styles, Drawn from the Teachers of the Church, Especially Ambrose and Cyprian.
Chapter 22.--The Necessity of Variety in Style.
Chapter 23.--How the Various Styles Should Be Mingled.
Chapter 24.--The Effects Produced by the Majestic Style.
Chapter 25.--How the Temperate Style is to Be Used.
Chapter 26.--In Every Style the Orator Should Aim at Perspicuity, Beauty, and Persuasiveness.
Chapter 27.--The Man Whose Life is in Harmony with His Teaching Will Teach with Greater Effect.
Chapter 28.--Truth is More Important Than Expression. What is Meant by Strife About Words.
Chapter 29.--It is Permissible for a Preacher to Deliver to the People What Has Been Written by a More Eloquent Man Than Himself.
Chapter 30.--The Preacher Should Commence His Discourse with Prayer to God.
Chapter 31.--Apology for the Length of the Work.
THE CITY OF GOD. INDEX OF SUBJECTS.
ON CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE. INDEX OF SUBJECTS.