Joshua 12:1
NASB Lexicon
NASB ©HebrewStrong'sOrigin
Now theseוְאֵ֣לֶּה
(ve·'el·leh)
428: thesea prim. pronoun
are the kingsמַלְכֵ֣י
(mal·chei)
4428: kingfrom an unused word
of the landהָאָ֗רֶץ
(ha·'a·retz)
776: earth, landa prim. root
whomאֲשֶׁ֨ר
(a·sher)
834: who, which, thata prim. pronoun
the sonsבְנֵֽי־
(ve·nei-)
1121: sona prim. root
of Israelיִשְׂרָאֵל֙
(yis·ra·'el)
3478: "God strives," another name of Jacob and his desc.from sarah and el
defeated,הִכּ֤וּ
(hik·ku)
5221: to smitea prim. root
and whose landאַרְצָ֔ם
(ar·tzam,)
776: earth, landa prim. root
they possessedוַיִּֽרְשׁ֣וּ
(vai·yir·shu)
3423: to take possession of, inherit, dispossessa prim. root
beyondבְּעֵ֥בֶר
(be·'e·ver)
5676: region across or beyond, sidefrom abar
the Jordanהַיַּרְדֵּ֖ן
(hai·yar·den)
3383: the principal river of Pal.from yarad
toward the sunrise,מִזְרְחָ֣ה
(miz·re·chah)
4217: place of sunrise, the eastfrom zarach
from the valleyמִנַּ֤חַל
(min·na·chal)
5158a: torrent, torrent-valley, wadiof uncertain derivation
of the Arnonאַרְנֹון֙
(ar·no·vn)
769: "a roaring stream," a wadi and stream in Moabfrom the same as Aran
as farעַד־
(ad-)
5704: as far as, even to, up to, until, whilefrom adah
as Mountהַ֣ר
(har)
2022: mountain, hill, hill countryof uncertain derivation
Hermon,חֶרְמֹ֔ון
(cher·mo·vn,)
2768: "sacred (mountain)," a mountain in S. Aram (Syria) and N. Isr.from charam
and allוְכָל־
(ve·chol-)
3605: the whole, allfrom kalal
the Arabahהָעֲרָבָ֖ה
(ha·'a·ra·vah)
6160: a steppe or desert plain, also a desert valley running S. from the Sea of Galileefrom the same as Arab
to the east:מִזְרָֽחָה׃
(miz·ra·chah.)
4217: place of sunrise, the eastfrom zarach







KJV Lexicon
Now these are the kings
melek  (meh'-lek)
a king -- king, royal.
of the land
'erets  (eh'-rets)
the earth (at large, or partitively a land) -- common, country, earth, field, ground, land, natins, way, + wilderness, world.
which the children
ben  (bane)
a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc.
of Israel
Yisra'el  (yis-raw-ale')
he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity: --Israel.
smote
nakah  (naw-kaw')
to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively)
and possessed
yarash  (yaw-rash')
to occupy (by driving out previous tenants, and possessing in their place); by implication, to seize, to rob, to inherit; also to expel, to impoverish, to ruin
their land
'erets  (eh'-rets)
the earth (at large, or partitively a land) -- common, country, earth, field, ground, land, natins, way, + wilderness, world.
on the other side
`eber  (ay'-ber)
a region across; but used only adverbially (with or without a preposition) on the opposite side (especially of the Jordan; ususally meaning the east)
Jordan
Yarden  (yar-dane')
a descender; Jarden, the principal river of Palestine -- Jordan.
toward the rising
mizrach  (miz-rawkh')
sunrise, i.e. the east -- east (side, -ward), (sun-)rising (of the sun).
of the sun
shemesh  (sheh'-mesh)
the sun; by implication, the east; figuratively, a ray, i.e. (arch.) a notched battlement -- + east side(-ward), sun (rising), + west(-ward), window.
from the river
nachal  (nakh'-al)
a stream, especially a winter torrent; (by implication) a (narrow) valley (in which a brook runs); also a shaft (of a mine) -- brook, flood, river, stream, valley.
Arnon
'Arnown  (ar-nohn')
a brawling stream; the Arnon, a river east of the Jordan, also its territory -- Arnon.
unto mount
har  (har)
a mountain or range of hills (sometimes used figuratively) -- hill (country), mount(-ain), promotion.
Hermon
Chermown  (kher-mone')
abrupt; Chermon, a mount of Palestine -- Hermon.
and all the plain
`arabah  (ar-aw-baw')
a desert; especially (with the article prefix) the (generally) sterile valley of the Jordan and its continuation to the Red Sea -- Arabah, champaign, desert, evening, heaven, plain, wilderness.
on the east
mizrach  (miz-rawkh')
sunrise, i.e. the east -- east (side, -ward), (sun-)rising (of the sun).
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
Now these are the kings of the land whom the sons of Israel defeated, and whose land they possessed beyond the Jordan toward the sunrise, from the valley of the Arnon as far as Mount Hermon, and all the Arabah to the east:

King James Bible
Now these are the kings of the land, which the children of Israel smote, and possessed their land on the other side Jordan toward the rising of the sun, from the river Arnon unto mount Hermon, and all the plain on the east:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The Israelites struck down the following kings of the land and took possession of their land beyond the Jordan to the east and from the Arnon Valley to Mount Hermon, including all the Arabah eastward:

International Standard Version
This is a list of the kings who ruled the land that the Israelis conquered, and whose territories they took on the other side of the Jordan River toward the east, from the Arnon River to Mount Hermon, along with the entire eastern Jordan plain.

NET Bible
Now these are the kings of the land whom the Israelites defeated and drove from their land on the east side of the Jordan, from the Arnon Valley to Mount Hermon, including all the eastern Arabah:

GOD'S WORD® Translation
These are the kings of the land east of the Jordan River that the people of Israel defeated. Israel also took possession of their lands from the Arnon Valley to Mount Hermon, and all the eastern plains.

King James 2000 Bible
Now these are the kings of the land, which the children of Israel struck, and possessed their land on the other side of Jordan toward the rising of the sun, from the river Arnon unto mount Hermon, and all the plain on the east:
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