Isaiah 45:1
NASB Lexicon
NASB ©HebrewStrong'sOrigin
Thusכֹּה־
(koh-)
3541: thus, herea prim. adverb
saysאָמַ֣ר
(a·mar)
559: to utter, saya prim. root
the LORDיְהוָה֮
(Yah·weh)
3068: the proper name of the God of Israelfrom havah
to Cyrusלְכֹ֣ורֶשׁ
(le·cho·v·resh)
3566: a Pers. kingof foreign origin
His anointed,לִמְשִׁיחֹו֮
(lim·shi·chov)
4899: anointedfrom mashach
Whomאֲשֶׁר־
(a·sher-)
834: who, which, thata prim. pronoun
I have takenהֶחֱזַ֣קְתִּי
(he·che·zak·ti)
2388: to be or grow firm or strong, strengthena prim. root
by the right hand,בִֽימִינֹ֗ו
(vi·mi·nov)
3225: right handfrom an unused word
To subdueלְרַד־
(le·rad-)
7286: to beat out, beat down, subduea prim. root
nationsגֹּויִ֔ם
(go·v·yim,)
1471: nation, peoplefrom the same as gav
beforeלְפָנָיו֙
(le·fa·nav)
6440: face, facesfrom panah
him And to looseאֲפַתֵּ֑חַ
(a·fat·te·ach;)
6605a: to opena prim. root
the loinsוּמָתְנֵ֥י
(u·ma·te·nei)
4975: loinsfrom an unused word
of kings;מְלָכִ֖ים
(me·la·chim)
4428: kingfrom an unused word
To openלִפְתֹּ֤חַ
(lif·to·ach)
6605a: to opena prim. root
doorsדְּלָתַ֔יִם
(de·la·ta·yim,)
1817: a doorfrom dalah
beforeלְפָנָיו֙
(le·fa·nav)
6440: face, facesfrom panah
him so that gatesוּשְׁעָרִ֖ים
(u·she·'a·rim)
8179: a gatefrom an unused word
will not be shut:יִסָּגֵֽרוּ׃
(yis·sa·ge·ru.)
5462: to shut, closea prim. root







KJV Lexicon
Thus saith
'amar  (aw-mar')
to say (used with great latitude)
the LORD
Yhovah  (yeh-ho-vaw')
(the) self-Existent or Eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God -- Jehovah, the Lord.
to his anointed
mashiyach  (maw-shee'-akh)
anointed; usually a consecrated person (as a king, priest, or saint); specifically, the Messiah -- anointed, Messiah.
to Cyrus
Kowresh  (ko'-resh)
from the Persians; Koresh (or Cyrus), the Persian king -- Cyrus.
whose right hand
yamiyn  (yaw-meen')
the right hand or side (leg, eye) of a person or other object (as the stronger and more dexterous); locally, the south -- + left-handed, right (hand, side), south.
I have holden
chazaq  (khaw-zak')
to fasten upon; hence, to seize, be strong (figuratively, courageous, causatively strengthen, cure, help, repair, fortify), obstinate; to bind, restrain, conquer
to subdue
radad  (raw-dad')
to tread in pieces, i.e. (figuratively) to conquer, or (specifically) to overlay -- spend, spread, subdue.
nations
gowy  (go'-ee)
a foreign nation; hence, a Gentile; also (figuratively) a troop of animals, or a flight of locusts -- Gentile, heathen, nation, people.
before
paniym  (paw-neem')
the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.)
him and I will loose
pathach  (paw-thakh')
to open wide; specifically, to loosen, begin, plough, carve
the loins
mothen  (mo'-then)
the waist or small of the back; only in plural the loins -- + greyhound, loins, side.
of kings
melek  (meh'-lek)
a king -- king, royal.
to open
pathach  (paw-thakh')
to open wide; specifically, to loosen, begin, plough, carve
before
paniym  (paw-neem')
the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.)
him the two leaved gates
deleth  (deh'-leth)
something swinging, i.e. the valve of a door -- door (two-leaved), gate, leaf, lid. (In Psa. 141:3, dal, irreg.).
and the gates
sha`ar  (shah'-ar)
an opening, i.e. door or gate -- city, door, gate, port (-er).
shall not be shut
cagar  (saw-gar')
to shut up; figuratively, to surrender -- close up, deliver (up), give over (up), inclose, pure, repair, shut (in, self, out, up, up together), stop, straitly.
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
Thus says the LORD to Cyrus His anointed, Whom I have taken by the right hand, To subdue nations before him And to loose the loins of kings; To open doors before him so that gates will not be shut:

King James Bible
Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The LORD says this to Cyrus, His anointed, whose right hand I have grasped to subdue nations before him, to disarm kings, to open the doors before him and the gates will not be shut:"

International Standard Version
This is what the LORD says to his anointed, Cyrus, whose right hand I have grasped to subdue nations before him, as I strip kings of their armor, to open doors before him and gates that cannot keep closed:

NET Bible
This is what the LORD says to his chosen one, to Cyrus, whose right hand I hold in order to subdue nations before him, and disarm kings, to open doors before him, so gates remain unclosed:

GOD'S WORD® Translation
This is what the LORD says about Cyrus, his anointed one: I have held him by his right hand so he could conquer the nations ahead of him, strip kings of their power, and open doors ahead of him so that the gates would not be shut.

King James 2000 Bible
Thus says the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have held, to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the armor of kings, to open before him the two-leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut;
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