Isaiah 40:19
NASB Lexicon
NASB ©HebrewStrong'sOrigin
[As for] the idol,הַפֶּ֙סֶל֙
(hap·pe·sel)
6459: an idol, imagefrom pasal
a craftsmanחָרָ֔שׁ
(cha·rash,)
2796: engraver, artificerfrom charash
castsנָסַ֣ךְ
(na·sach)
5258a: to pour outa prim. root
it, A goldsmithוְצֹרֵ֖ף
(ve·tzo·ref)
6884: to smelt, refine, testa prim. root
platesיְרַקְּעֶ֑נּוּ
(ye·rak·ke·'en·nu;)
7554: to beat, stamp, beat out, spread outa prim. root
it with gold,בַּזָּהָ֣ב
(baz·za·hav)
2091: goldof uncertain derivation
And a silversmithצֹורֵֽף׃
(tzo·v·ref.)
6884: to smelt, refine, testa prim. root
[fashions] chainsוּרְתֻקֹ֥ות
(u·re·tu·ko·vt)
7577: a chainfrom rathaq
of silver.כֶּ֖סֶף
(ke·sef)
3701: silver, moneyfrom kasaph







KJV Lexicon
The workman
charash  (khaw-rawsh')
a fabricator or any material -- artificer, (+) carpenter, craftsman, engraver, maker, mason, skilful, (+) smith, worker, workman, such as wrought.
melteth
nacak  (naw-sak')
to pour out, especially a libation, or to cast (metal); by analogy, to anoint a king -- cover, melt, offer, (cause to) pour (out), set (up).
a graven image
pecel  (peh'-sel)
an idol -- carved (graven) image.
and the goldsmith
tsaraph  (tsaw-raf')
to fuse (metal), i.e. refine -- cast, (re-)fine(-er), founder, goldsmith, melt, pure, purge away, try.
spreadeth
raqa`  (raw-kah')
to pound the earth (as a sign of passion); by analogy to expand (by hammering); by implication, to overlay (with thin sheets of metal)
it over with gold
zahab  (zaw-hawb')
gold, figuratively, something gold-colored (i.e. yellow), as oil, a clear sky -- gold(-en), fair weather.
and casteth
tsaraph  (tsaw-raf')
to fuse (metal), i.e. refine -- cast, (re-)fine(-er), founder, goldsmith, melt, pure, purge away, try.
silver
keceph  (keh'-sef)
silver (from its pale color); by implication, money -- money, price, silver(-ling).
chains
rthuqah  (reth-oo-kaw')
something fastened, i.e. a chain -- chain.
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
As for the idol, a craftsman casts it, A goldsmith plates it with gold, And a silversmith fashions chains of silver.

King James Bible
The workman melteth a graven image, and the goldsmith spreadeth it over with gold, and casteth silver chains.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
To an idol?--something that a smelter casts, and a metalworker plates with gold and makes silver welds for it?

International Standard Version
To an idol? A craftsman makes the image, and a goldsmith overlays it with gold and casts silver chains.

NET Bible
A craftsman casts an idol; a metalsmith overlays it with gold and forges silver chains for it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Craftsmen make idols. Goldsmiths cover them with gold. Silversmiths make silver chains for them.

King James 2000 Bible
The workman melts a graven image, and the goldsmith spreads it over with gold, and casts silver chains.
Links
Isaiah 40:19
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Isaiah 40:19 KJV
Isaiah 40:18
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