Hebrews 10:1
NASB Lexicon
NASB ©GreekStrong'sOrigin
For the Law,νόμος
(nomos)
3551: that which is assigned, hence usage, lawfrom nemó (to parcel out)
since it hasἔχων
(echōn)
2192: to have, holda prim. verb
[only] a shadowΣκιὰν
(skian)
4639: shadowa prim. word
of the good thingsἀγαθῶν
(agathōn)
18: goodof uncertain origin
to comeμελλόντων
(mellontōn)
3195: to be about toa prim. verb
[and] not the veryαὐτὴν
(autēn)
846: (1) self (emphatic) (2) he, she, it (used for the third pers. pron.) (3) the samean intensive pronoun, a prim. word
formεἰκόνα
(eikona)
1504: an image, i.e. lit. statue, fig. representationfrom eikó
of things,πραγμάτων
(pragmatōn)
4229: a deed, a matterfrom prassó
canδύνανται
(dunantai)
1410: to be able, to have powera prim. verb
never,οὐδέποτε
(oudepote)
3763: neverfrom oude and pote
by the sameαὐταῖς
(autais)
846: (1) self (emphatic) (2) he, she, it (used for the third pers. pron.) (3) the samean intensive pronoun, a prim. word
sacrificesθυσίαις
(thusiais)
2378: a sacrificefrom thuó
whichἃς
(as)
3739: usually rel. who, which, that, also demonstrative this, thata prim. pronoun
they offerπροσφέρουσιν
(prospherousin)
4374: to bring to, i.e. to offerfrom pros and pheró
continuallyδιηνεκὲς
(diēnekes)
1336: carried through, continuousfrom the aor. of diapheró
year by year,ἐνιαυτὸν
(eniauton)
1763: a cycle of time, a yearof uncertain origin
make perfectτελειῶσαι
(teleiōsai)
5048: to bring to an end, to complete, perfectfrom teleios
those
(o)
3588: thethe def. art.
who draw near.προσερχομένους
(proserchomenous)
4334: to approach, to draw nearfrom pros and erchomai









KJV Lexicon
σκιαν  noun - accusative singular feminine
skia  skee'-ah:  shade or a shadow (literally or figuratively (darkness of error or an adumbration) -- shadow.
γαρ  conjunction
gar  gar:  assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles)
εχων  verb - present active participle - nominative singular masculine
echo  ekh'-o:  (used in certain tenses only) a primary verb; to hold
ο  definite article - nominative singular masculine
ho  ho:  the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
νομος  noun - nominative singular masculine
nomos  nom'-os:  law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), genitive case (regulation), specially, (of Moses (including the volume); also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle) -- law.
των  definite article - genitive plural neuter
ho  ho:  the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
μελλοντων  verb - present active participle - genitive plural neuter
mello  mel'-lo:  to intend, i.e. be about to be, do, or suffer something
αγαθων  adjective - genitive plural neuter
agathos  ag-ath-os':  good (in any sense, often as noun) -- benefit, good(-s, things), well.
ουκ  particle - nominative
ou  oo:  no or not -- + long, nay, neither, never, no (man), none, (can-)not, + nothing, + special, un(-worthy), when, + without, + yet but.
αυτην  personal pronoun - accusative singular feminine
autos  ow-tos':  the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
την  definite article - accusative singular feminine
ho  ho:  the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
εικονα  noun - accusative singular feminine
eikon  i-kone':  a likeness, i.e. (literally) statue, profile, or (figuratively) representation, resemblance -- image.
των  definite article - genitive plural neuter
ho  ho:  the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
πραγματων  noun - genitive plural neuter
pragma  prag'-mah:  a deed; by implication, an affair; by extension, an object (material) -- business, matter, thing, work.
κατ  preposition
kata  kat-ah':  (prepositionally) down (in place or time), in varied relations
ενιαυτον  noun - accusative singular masculine
eniautos  en-ee-ow-tos':  a year -- year.
ταις  definite article - dative plural feminine
ho  ho:  the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
αυταις  personal pronoun - dative plural feminine
autos  ow-tos':  the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
θυσιαις  noun - dative plural feminine
thusia  thoo-see'-ah:  sacrifice (the act or the victim, literally or figuratively) -- sacrifice.
ας  relative pronoun - accusative plural feminine
hos  hos:  the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that -- one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc.
προσφερουσιν  verb - present active indicative - third person
prosphero  pros-fer'-o:  to bear towards, i.e. lead to, tender (especially to God), treat -- bring (to, unto), deal with, do, offer (unto, up), present unto, put to.
εις  preposition
eis  ice:  to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases
το  definite article - accusative singular neuter
ho  ho:  the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
διηνεκες  adjective - accusative singular neuter
dienekes  dee-ay-nek-es':  perpetually -- + continually, for ever.
ουδεποτε  adverb
oudepote  oo-dep'-ot-eh:  not even at any time, i.e. never at all -- neither at any time, never, nothing at any time.
δυνανται  verb - present middle or passive deponent indicative - third person
dunamai  doo'-nam-ahee:  to be able or possible -- be able, can (do, + -not), could, may, might, be possible, be of power.
τους  definite article - accusative plural masculine
ho  ho:  the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
προσερχομενους  verb - present middle or passive deponent participle - accusative plural masculine
proserchomai  pros-er'-khom-ahee:  to approach, i.e. (literally) come near, visit, or (figuratively) worship, assent to
τελειωσαι  verb - aorist active middle or passive deponent
teleioo  tel-i-o'-o:  to complete, i.e. (literally) accomplish, or (figuratively) consummate (in character) -- consecrate, finish, fulfil, make) perfect.
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
For the Law, since it has only a shadow of the good things to come and not the very form of things, can never, by the same sacrifices which they offer continually year by year, make perfect those who draw near.

King James Bible
For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Since the law has only a shadow of the good things to come, and not the actual form of those realities, it can never perfect the worshipers by the same sacrifices they continually offer year after year.

International Standard Version
For the Law, being only a reflection of the blessings to come and not their substance, can never make perfect those who come near by the same sacrifices repeatedly offered year after year.

NET Bible
For the law possesses a shadow of the good things to come but not the reality itself, and is therefore completely unable, by the same sacrifices offered continually, year after year, to perfect those who come to worship.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For The Written Law had a shadow in it of good things that were coming. It was not the essence of those matters; because of this, while they were offering those sacrifices every year, they could never perfect those who offered them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Moses' Teachings with their yearly cycle of sacrifices are only a shadow of the good things in the future. They aren't an exact likeness of those things. They can never make those who worship perfect.

King James 2000 Bible
For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the ones approaching perfect.
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