Zechariah 1:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Do not be like your fathers, to whom the former prophets cried out, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts, Return from your evil ways and from your evil deeds.’ But they did not hear or pay attention to me, declares the LORD.

King James Bible
Be ye not as your fathers, unto whom the former prophets have cried, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Turn ye now from your evil ways, and from your evil doings: but they did not hear, nor hearken unto me, saith the LORD.

American Standard Version
Be ye not as your fathers, unto whom the former prophets cried, saying, Thus saith Jehovah of hosts, Return ye now from your evil ways, and from your evil doings: but they did not hear, nor hearken unto me, saith Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Be not as your fathers, to whom the former prophets have cried, saying: Thus saith the Lord of hosts: Turn ye from your evil ways, and from your wicked thoughts: but they did not give ear, neither did they hearken to me, saith the Lord.

English Revised Version
Be ye not as your fathers, unto whom the former prophets cried, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, Return ye now from your evil ways, and from your evil doings: but they did not hear, nor hearken unto me, saith the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
Be ye not as your fathers, to whom the former prophets have cried, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Turn ye now from your evil ways, and from your evil doings: but they did not hear, nor hearken to me, saith the LORD.

Zechariah 1:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The prophet's lamentation. Hab 1:2. "How long, Jehovah, have I cried, and Thou hearest not? I cry to Thee, Violence; and Thou helpest not! Habakkuk 1:3. Why dost Thou let me see mischief, and Thou lookest upon distress? devastation and violence are before me: there arises strife, and contention lifts itself up. Habakkuk 1:4. Therefore the law is benumbed, and justice comes not forth for ever: for sinners encircle the righteous man; therefore justice goes forth perverted." This complaint, which involves a petition for help, is not merely an expression of the prophet's personal desire for the removal of the prevailing unrighteousness; but the prophet laments, in the name of the righteous, i.e., the believers in the nation, who had to suffer under the oppression of the wicked; not, however, as Rosenmller and Ewald, with many of the Rabbins, suppose, over the acts of wickedness and violence which the Chaldaeans performed in the land, but over the wicked conduct of the ungodly of his own nation. For it is obvious that these verses refer to the moral depravity of Judah, from the fact that God announced His purpose to raise up the Chaldaeans to punish it (Habakkuk 1:5.). It is true that, in Habakkuk 1:9 and Habakkuk 1:13, wickedness and violence are attributed to the Chaldaeans also; but all that can be inferred from this is, that "in the punishment of the Jewish people a divine talio prevails, which will eventually fall upon the Chaldaeans also" (Delitzsch). The calling for help (שׁוּע is described, in the second clause, as crying over wickedness. חמס is an accusative, denoting what he cries, as in Job 19:7 and Jeremiah 20:8, viz., the evil that is done. Not hearing is equivalent to not helping. The question עד־אנה indicates that the wicked conduct has continued a long time, without God having put a stop to it. This appears irreconcilable with the holiness of God. Hence the question in Habakkuk 1:3 : Wherefore dost Thou cause me to see mischief, and lookest upon it Thyself? which points to Numbers 23:21, viz., to the words of Balaam, "God hath not beheld iniquity ('âven) in Jacob, neither hath He seen perverseness (‛âmâl) in Israel." This word of God, in which Balaam expresses the holiness of Israel, which remains true to the idea of its divine election, is put before the Lord in the form of a question, not only to give prominence to the falling away of the people from their divine calling, and their degeneracy into the very opposite of what they ought to be, but chiefly to point to the contradiction involved in the fact, that God the Holy One does now behold the evil in Israel and leave it unpunished. God not only lets the prophet see iniquity, but even looks at Himself. This is at variance with His holiness. און, nothingness, then worthlessness, wickedness (cf. Isaiah 1:13). עמל, labour, then distress which a man experiences or causes to others (cf. Isaiah 10:1). הבּיט, to see, not to cause to see. Ewald has revoked the opinion, that we have here a fresh hiphil, derived from a hiphil. With שׁד וגו the address is continued in the form of a simple picture. Shōd vechâmâs are often connected (e.g., Amos 3:10; Jeremiah 6:7; Jeremiah 20:8; Ezekiel 45:9). Shōd is violent treatment causing desolation. Châmâs is malicious conduct intended to injure another. ווהי, it comes to pass, there arises strife (rı̄bh) in consequence of the violent and wicked conduct. ישּׂא, to rise up, as in Hosea 13:1; Psalm 89:10. The consequences of this are relaxation of the law, etc. על־כּן, therefore, because God does not interpose to stop the wicked conduct. פּוּג, to relax, to stiffen, i.e., to lose one's vital strength, or energy. Tōrâh is "the revealed law in all its substance, which was meant to be the soul, the heart of political, religious, and domestic life" (Delitzsch). Right does not come forth, i.e., does not manifest itself, lânetsach, lit., for a permanence, i.e., for ever, as in many other passages, e.g., Psalm 13:2; Isaiah 13:20. לנצח belongs to לא, not for ever, i.e., never more. Mishpât is not merely a righteous verdict, however; in which case the meaning would be: There is no more any righteous verdict given, but a righteous state of things, objective right in the civil and political life. For godless men (רשׁע, without an article, is used with indefinite generality or in a collective sense) encircle the righteous man, so that the righteous cannot cause right to prevail. Therefore right comes forth perverted. The second clause, commencing with על־כּן, completes the first, adding a positive assertion to the negative. The right, which does still come to the light, is מעקּל, twisted, perverted, the opposite of right. To this complaint Jehovah answers in Habakkuk 1:5-11 that He will do a marvellous work, inflict a judgment corresponding in magnitude to the prevailing injustice.

Zechariah 1:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

as.

2 Chronicles 29:6-10 For our fathers have trespassed, and done that which was evil in the eyes of the LORD our God, and have forsaken him...

2 Chronicles 30:7 And be not you like your fathers, and like your brothers, which trespassed against the LORD God of their fathers...

2 Chronicles 34:21 Go, inquire of the LORD for me, and for them that are left in Israel and in Judah, concerning the words of the book that is found...

Ezra 9:7 Since the days of our fathers have we been in a great trespass to this day; and for our iniquities have we, our kings, and our priests...

Nehemiah 9:16 But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks, and listened not to your commandments,

Psalm 78:8 And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation that set not their heart aright...

Psalm 106:6,7 We have sinned with our fathers, we have committed iniquity, we have done wickedly...

Ezekiel 18:14-17 Now, see, if he beget a son, that sees all his father's sins which he has done, and considers, and does not such like...

1 Peter 1:18 For as much as you know that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold...

unto.

Zechariah 7:11-13 But they refused to listen, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear...

2 Chronicles 24:19-22 Yet he sent prophets to them, to bring them again to the LORD; and they testified against them: but they would not give ear...

2 Chronicles 36:15,16 And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending...

Nehemiah 9:26,30 Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against you, and cast your law behind their backs...

Isaiah 30:9-11 That this is a rebellious people, lying children, children that will not hear the law of the LORD...

Jeremiah 6:16,17 Thus said the LORD, Stand you in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein...

Jeremiah 13:16-18 Give glory to the LORD your God, before he cause darkness, and before your feet stumble on the dark mountains, and...

Jeremiah 17:19-23 Thus said the LORD to me; Go and stand in the gate of the children of the people, whereby the kings of Judah come in...

Jeremiah 25:3-7 From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, even to this day, that is the three and twentieth year...

Jeremiah 35:15 I have sent also to you all my servants the prophets, rising up early and sending them, saying...

Jeremiah 36:2,3-10 Take you a roll of a book, and write therein all the words that I have spoken to you against Israel, and against Judah...

Jeremiah 44:4,5 However, I sent to you all my servants the prophets, rising early and sending them, saying, Oh...

Ezekiel 3:7-9 But the house of Israel will not listen to you; for they will not listen to me...

Micah 2:6 Prophesy you not, say they to them that prophesy: they shall not prophesy to them, that they shall not take shame.

Acts 7:51,52 You stiff necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do you...

1 Thessalonians 2:15,16 Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men...

Turn.

Zechariah 1:3 Therefore say you to them, Thus said the LORD of hosts; Turn you to me, said the LORD of hosts, and I will turn to you...

Isaiah 1:16-19 Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before my eyes; cease to do evil...

Isaiah 31:6 Turn you to him from whom the children of Israel have deeply revolted.

Jeremiah 3:12 Go and proclaim these words toward the north, and say, Return, you backsliding Israel, said the LORD...

Jeremiah 7:3-7 Thus said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, Amend your ways and your doings, and I will cause you to dwell in this place...

Jeremiah 18:11 Now therefore go to, speak to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying, Thus said the LORD; Behold...

Ezekiel 18:30-32 Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, every one according to his ways, said the Lord GOD. Repent...

Ezekiel 33:11 Say to them, As I live, said the Lord GOD, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked...

Hosea 14:1 O Israel, return to the LORD your God; for you have fallen by your iniquity.

Amos 5:13-15,24 Therefore the prudent shall keep silence in that time; for it is an evil time...

Matthew 3:8-10 Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance...

Acts 3:19 Repent you therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out...

Acts 26:20 But showed first to them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughout all the coasts of Judaea, and then to the Gentiles...

but.

Jeremiah 11:6-8 Then the LORD said to me, Proclaim all these words in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, saying...

Jeremiah 13:9,10 Thus said the LORD, After this manner will I mar the pride of Judah, and the great pride of Jerusalem...

Jeremiah 26:5 To listen to the words of my servants the prophets, whom I sent to you, both rising up early, and sending them...

Jeremiah 36:23,24 And it came to pass, that when Jehudi had read three or four leaves, he cut it with the penknife...

Jeremiah 44:16 As for the word that you have spoken to us in the name of the LORD, we will not listen to you.

Cross References
2 Chronicles 24:19
Yet he sent prophets among them to bring them back to the LORD. These testified against them, but they would not pay attention.

2 Chronicles 36:15
The LORD, the God of their fathers, sent persistently to them by his messengers, because he had compassion on his people and on his dwelling place.

Psalm 78:8
and that they should not be like their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation, a generation whose heart was not steadfast, whose spirit was not faithful to God.

Psalm 106:6
Both we and our fathers have sinned; we have committed iniquity; we have done wickedness.

Psalm 106:7
Our fathers, when they were in Egypt, did not consider your wondrous works; they did not remember the abundance of your steadfast love, but rebelled by the sea, at the Red Sea.

Isaiah 1:16
Wash yourselves; make yourselves clean; remove the evil of your deeds from before my eyes; cease to do evil,

Jeremiah 4:1
"If you return, O Israel, declares the LORD, to me you should return. If you remove your detestable things from my presence, and do not waver,

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