Song of Solomon 1:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
If you do not know, O most beautiful among women, follow in the tracks of the flock, and pasture your young goats beside the shepherds’ tents.

King James Bible
If thou know not, O thou fairest among women, go thy way forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed thy kids beside the shepherds' tents.

American Standard Version
If thou know not, O thou fairest among women, Go thy way forth by the footsteps of the flock, And feed thy kids beside the shepherds tents.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If thou know not thyself, O fairest among women, go forth, and follow after the steps of the flocks, and feed thy kids beside the tents of the shepherds.

English Revised Version
If thou know not, O thou fairest among women, go thy way forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed thy kids beside the shepherds' tents.

Webster's Bible Translation
If thou knowest not, O thou fairest among women, go forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed thy kids beside the shepherds tents.

Song of Solomon 1:8 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

From these words with which as a solo the first strophe begins:

Let him kiss me with kisses of his mouth,

We at once perceive that she who here speaks is only one of many among whom Solomon's kisses are distributed; for min is partitive, as e.g., Exodus 16:27 (cf. Jeremiah 48:32 and Isaiah 16:9), with the underlying phrase נשׁיקה נשׁק, osculum osculari equals figere, jungere, dare. Nashak properly means to join to each other and to join together, particularly mouth to mouth. פּיהוּ is the parallel form of פּיו, and is found in prose as well as in poetry; it is here preferred for the sake of the rhythm. Bttcher prefers, with Hitzig, ישׁקני ("let him give me to drink"); but "to give to drink with kisses" is an expression unsupported.

In line 2 the expression changes into an address:

For better is thy love than wine.

Instead of "thy love," the lxx render "thy breasts," for they had before them the word written defectively as in the traditional text, and read דּדּיך. Even granting that the dual dadayim or dadiym could be used in the sense of the Greek μαστοί (Revelation 1:13),

(Note: Vid., my Handsch. Funde, Heft 2((1862).)

of the breasts of a man (for which Isaiah 32:12, Targ., furnishes no sufficient authority); yet in the mouth of a woman it were unseemly, and also is itself absurd as the language of praise. But, on the other hand, that דּדיך is not the true reading ("for more lovely - thus he says to me - are," etc.), R. Ismael rightly says, in reply to R. Akiba, Aboda zara 29b, and refers to שׁמניך following (Sol 1:3), which requires the mas. for דדיך. Rightly the Gr. Venet. οἱ σοὶ ἔρωτες, for דּודים is related to אהבח, almost as ἔρως to ἀγάπη, Minne to Liebe. It is a plur. like חיּים, which, although a pluraletantum, is yet connected with the plur. of the pred. The verbal stem דוד is an abbreviated reduplicative stem (Ewald, 118. 1); the root דו appears to signify "to move by thrusts or pushes" (vid., under Psalm 42:5); of a fluid, "to cause to boil up," to which the word דּוּד, a kitchen-pot, is referred.

(Note: Yet it is a question whether דד, to love, and דד, the breast (Arab. thady, with a verb thadiyi, to be thoroughly wet), are not after their nearest origin such words of feeling, caressing, prattling, as the Arab. dad, sport (also dadad, the only Arab. word which consists of the same three letters); cf. Fr. dada, hobby-horse.)

It is the very same verbal stem from which דּיד (David), the beloved, and the name of the foundress of Carthage, דּידה ( equals דּידון) Minna, is derived. The adj. tov appears here and at 3a twice in its nearest primary meaning, denoting that which is pleasant to the taste and (thus particularly in Arab.) to the smell.

Song of Solomon 1:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

o thou

Songs 1:15 Behold, you are fair, my love; behold, you are fair; you have doves' eyes.

Songs 2:10 My beloved spoke, and said to me, Rise up, my love, my fair one, and come away.

Songs 4:1,7,10 Behold, you are fair, my love; behold, you are fair; you have doves' eyes within your locks: your hair is as a flock of goats...

Songs 5:9 What is your beloved more than another beloved, O you fairest among women? what is your beloved more than another beloved...

Songs 6:1,4-10 Where is your beloved gone, O you fairest among women? where is your beloved turned aside? that we may seek him with you...

Songs 7:1 How beautiful are your feet with shoes, O prince's daughter! the joints of your thighs are like jewels...

Psalm 16:3 But to the saints that are in the earth, and to the excellent, in whom is all my delight.

Psalm 45:11,13 So shall the king greatly desire your beauty: for he is your Lord; and worship you him...

Ephesians 5:27 That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing...

Revelation 19:7,8 Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honor to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife has made herself ready...

go

Proverbs 8:34 Blessed is the man that hears me, watching daily at my gates, waiting at the posts of my doors.

Jeremiah 6:16 Thus said the LORD, Stand you in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein...

1 Corinthians 11:1 Be you followers of me, even as I also am of Christ.

Hebrews 6:12 That you be not slothful, but followers of them who through faith and patience inherit the promises.

Hebrews 11:4 By faith Abel offered to God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous...

Hebrews 13:7 Remember them which have the rule over you, who have spoken to you the word of God: whose faith follow...

James 2:21,25 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son on the altar...

James 5:10 Take, my brothers, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience.

1 Peter 3:6 Even as Sara obeyed Abraham, calling him lord: whose daughters you are, as long as you do well, and are not afraid with any amazement.

feed

John 21:15 So when they had dined, Jesus said to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, love you me more than these? He said to him, Yes...

Cross References
Song of Solomon 5:9
What is your beloved more than another beloved, O most beautiful among women? What is your beloved more than another beloved, that you thus adjure us?

Song of Solomon 6:1
Where has your beloved gone, O most beautiful among women? Where has your beloved turned, that we may seek him with you?

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