Romans 9:22
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
What if God, desiring to show his wrath and to make known his power, has endured with much patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction,

King James Bible
What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction:

American Standard Version
What if God, willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering vessels of wrath fitted unto destruction:

Douay-Rheims Bible
What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much patience vessels of wrath, fitted for destruction,

English Revised Version
What if God, willing to shew his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering vessels of wrath fitted unto destruction:

Webster's Bible Translation
What if God, willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much long-suffering the vessels of wrath fitted to destruction:

Weymouth New Testament
And what if God, while choosing to make manifest the terrors of His anger and to show what is possible with Him, has yet borne with long-forbearing patience with the subjects of His anger who stand ready for destruction,

Romans 9:22 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Willing (θέλων)

Although willing, not because. Referring not to the determinate purpose of God, but to His spontaneous will growing out of His holy character. In the former sense, the meaning would be that God's long-suffering was designed to enhance the final penalty. The emphatic position of willing prepares the way for the contrast with long-suffering. Though this holy will would lead Him to show His wrath, yet He withheld His wrath and endured.

Vessels of wrath (σκεύη ὀργῆς)

Not filled with wrath, nor prepared to serve for a manifestation of divine wrath; but appertaining to wrath. Such as by their own acts have fallen under His wrath. Compare Psalm 2:9.

Fitted (κατηρτισμένα)

Lit., adjusted. See on mending, Matthew 4:21; perfect, see on Matthew 21:16; see on Luke 6:40; see on 1 Peter 5:10. Not fitted by God for destruction, but in an adjectival sense, ready, ripe for destruction, the participle denoting a present state previously formed, but giving no hint of how it has been formed. An agency of some kind must be assumed. That the objects of final wrath had themselves a hand in the matter may be seen from 1 Thessalonians 2:15, 1 Thessalonians 2:16. That the hand of God is also operative may be inferred from the whole drift of the chapter. "The apostle has probably chosen this form because the being ready certainly arises from a continual reciprocal action between human sin and the divine judgment of blindness and hardness. Every development of sin is a net-work of human offenses and divine judgments" (Lange).

Romans 9:22 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

willing.

Romans 9:17 For the scripture said to Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised you up, that I might show my power in you...

Romans 1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;

Romans 2:4,5 Or despise you the riches of his goodness and forbearance and long-suffering...

Exodus 9:16 And in very deed for this cause have I raised you up, for to show in you my power...

Psalm 90:11 Who knows the power of your anger? even according to your fear, so is your wrath.

Proverbs 16:4 The LORD has made all things for himself: yes, even the wicked for the day of evil.

Revelation 6:16,17 And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sits on the throne...

endured.

Numbers 14:11,18 And the LORD said to Moses, How long will this people provoke me? and how long will it be ere they believe me...

Psalm 50:21,22 These things have you done, and I kept silence; you thought that I was altogether such an one as yourself: but I will reprove you...

Ecclesiastes 8:11,12 Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil...

Lamentations 3:22 It is of the LORD's mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not.

1 Peter 3:20 Which sometime were disobedient, when once the long-suffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing...

2 Peter 2:3,9 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingers not...

2 Peter 3:8,9,15 But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day...

Jude 1:4 For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men...

Revelation 6:9-11 And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God...

the vessels. The Apostle, by employing the appellation of the vessels of wrath, carries on the similitude of the potter, by which he had illustrated the sovereignty of God.

Romans 9:21 Has not the potter power over the clay, of the same lump to make one vessel to honor, and another to dishonor?

1 Thessalonians 5:9 For God has not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,

2 Timothy 2:20 But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also of wood and of earth; and some to honor...

fitted. or, made up.

Genesis 15:16 But in the fourth generation they shall come here again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full.

Matthew 23:31-33 Why you be witnesses to yourselves, that you are the children of them which killed the prophets...

1 Thessalonians 2:16 Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill up their sins always...

1 Peter 2:8 And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offense, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient...

Jude 1:4 For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men...

Cross References
Proverbs 16:4
The LORD has made everything for its purpose, even the wicked for the day of trouble.

Romans 2:4
Or do you presume on the riches of his kindness and forbearance and patience, not knowing that God's kindness is meant to lead you to repentance?

Romans 9:20
But who are you, O man, to answer back to God? Will what is molded say to its molder, "Why have you made me like this?"

Romans 9:21
Has the potter no right over the clay, to make out of the same lump one vessel for honorable use and another for dishonorable use?

1 Peter 2:8
and "A stone of stumbling, and a rock of offense." They stumble because they disobey the word, as they were destined to do.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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