Romans 1:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
and was declared to be the Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by his resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord,

King James Bible
And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead:

American Standard Version
who was declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead; even Jesus Christ our Lord,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who was predestinated the Son of God in power, according to the spirit of sanctification, by the resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ from the dead;

English Revised Version
who was declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection of the dead; even Jesus Christ our Lord,

Webster's Bible Translation
And declared to be the Son of God, with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead:

Weymouth New Testament
but as regards the holiness of His Spirit was decisively proved by His Resurrection to be the Son of God--I mean concerning Jesus Christ our Lord,

Romans 1:4 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Declared (ὁρισθέντος)

Rev., in margin, determined. The same verb as in the compound separated in Romans 1:1. Bengel says that it expresses more than "separated," since one of a number is separated, but only one is defined or declared. Compare Acts 10:42; Acts 17:31. It means to designate one for something, to nominate, to instate. There is an antithesis between born (Romans 1:3) and declared. As respected Christ's earthly descent, He was born like other men. As respected His divine essence, He was declared. The idea is that of Christ's instatement or establishment in the rank and dignity of His divine sonship with a view to the conviction of men. This was required by His previous humiliation, and was accomplished by His resurrection, which not only manifested or demonstrated what He was, but wrought a real transformation in His mode of being. Compare Acts 2:36; "God made," etc.

With power (ἐν δυνάμει)

Lit., in power. Construe with was declared. He was declared or instated mightily; in a striking, triumphant manner, through His resurrection.

Spirit of holiness

In contrast with according to the flesh. The reference is not to the Holy Spirit, who is nowhere designated by this phrase, but to the spirit of Christ as the seat of the divine nature belonging to His person. As God is spirit, the divine nature of Christ is spirit, and its characteristic quality is holiness.

Resurrection from the dead (ἀναστάσεως νεκρῶν)

Wrong, since this would require the preposition ἐκ from. Rev., correctly, of the dead. Though this resurrection is here represented as actually realized in one individual only, the phrase, as everywhere in the New Testament, signifies the resurrection of the dead absolutely and generically - of all the dead, as exemplified, included, and involved in the resurrection of Christ. See on Philippians 3:11.

Romans 1:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

declared. Gr. determined. the Son.

Romans 1:3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh;

John 2:18-21 Then answered the Jews and said to him, What sign show you to us, seeing that you do these things...

Acts 2:24,32 Whom God has raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be held of it...

Acts 3:15 And killed the Prince of life, whom God has raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses.

Acts 4:10-12 Be it known to you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified...

Acts 5:30-32 The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom you slew and hanged on a tree...

Acts 13:33-35 God has fulfilled the same to us their children, in that he has raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm...

Acts 17:31 Because he has appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by that man whom he has ordained...

2 Corinthians 13:4 For though he was crucified through weakness, yet he lives by the power of God. For we also are weak in him...

Ephesians 1:19-23 And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power...

Hebrews 5:5,6 So also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said to him, You are my Son, to day have I begotten you...

Revelation 1:18 I am he that lives, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for ever more, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

according.

Luke 18:31-33 Then he took to him the twelve, and said to them, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem...

Luke 24:26,27 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory...

Hebrews 9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God...

1 Peter 1:11 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify...

2 Peter 1:21 For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.

Revelation 19:10 And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said to me, See you do it not: I am your fellow servant...

Cross References
Matthew 4:3
And the tempter came and said to him, "If you are the Son of God, command these stones to become loaves of bread."

2 Corinthians 13:4
For he was crucified in weakness, but lives by the power of God. For we also are weak in him, but in dealing with you we will live with him by the power of God.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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