Romans 1:28
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And since they did not see fit to acknowledge God, God gave them up to a debased mind to do what ought not to be done.

King James Bible
And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;

American Standard Version
And even as they refused to have God in their knowledge, God gave them up unto a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not fitting;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And as they liked not to have God in their knowledge, God delivered them up to a reprobate sense, to do those things which are not convenient;

English Revised Version
And even as they refused to have God in their knowledge, God gave them up unto a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not fitting;

Webster's Bible Translation
And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;

Weymouth New Testament
And just as they had refused to continue to have a full knowledge of God, so it was to utterly worthless minds that God gave them up, for them to do things which should not be done.

Romans 1:28 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Even as

Expressing the correlation between the sin and the punishment.

They did not like to have God in their knowledge (οὐκ ἐδοκίμασαν).

Lit., did not approve. Rev., refused. They did not think God worth the knowing. Compare 1 Thessalonians 2:4. Knowledge (ἐπιγνώσει) is, literally, full knowledge. They did not suffer the rudimentary revelation of nature to develop into full knowledge - "a penetrating and living knowledge of God" (Meyer). In Dante's division of Hell, the section assigned to Incontinence, or want of self-control, is succeeded by that of Bestiality, or besotted folly, which comprises infidelity and heresy in all their forms - sin which Dante declares to be the most stupid, vile, and hurtful of follies. Thus the want of self-restraint is linked with the failure to have God in knowledge. Self is truly possessed only in God. The tendency of this is ever downward toward that demoniac animalism which is incarnated in Lucifer at the apex of the infernal cone, and which is so powerfully depicted in this chapter. See "Inferno," ix.

Reprobate mind (ἀδόκιμον νοῦν)

Lit., not standing the test. See on is tried, James 1:12; and see on trial, 1 Peter 1:7. There is a play upon the words. As they did not approve, God gave them up unto a mind disapproved. This form of play upon words of similar sound is perhaps the most frequent of Paul's rhetorical figures, often consisting in the change of preposition in a compound, or in the addition of a preposition to the simple verb. Thus περιτομή circumcision, κατατομή concision, Philippians 3:2, Philippians 3:3. "Our epistle known (γινωσκομένη) and read (ἀναγινωσκομένη)." Compare Romans 2:1; 1 Corinthians 11:29-31; Romans 12:3. The word reprobate is from re-probare, to reject on a second trial, hence, to condemn.

Romans 1:28 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

as they did.

Romans 1:18,21 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness...

Job 21:14,15 Therefore they say to God, Depart from us; for we desire not the knowledge of your ways...

Proverbs 1:7,22,29 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise wisdom and instruction...

Proverbs 5:12,13 And say, How have I hated instruction, and my heart despised reproof...

Proverbs 17:16 Why is there a price in the hand of a fool to get wisdom, seeing he has no heart to it?

Jeremiah 4:22 For my people is foolish, they have not known me; they are silly children, and they have none understanding: they are wise to do evil...

Jeremiah 9:6 Your habitation is in the middle of deceit; through deceit they refuse to know me, said the LORD.

Hosea 4:6 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because you have rejected knowledge, I will also reject you...

Acts 17:23,32 For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions, I found an altar with this inscription, TO THE UNKNOWN GOD...

Romans 8:7,8 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be...

1 Corinthians 15:34 Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak this to your shame.

2 Corinthians 4:4-6 In whom the god of this world has blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ...

2 Corinthians 10:5 Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalts itself against the knowledge of God...

2 Thessalonians 1:8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:

2 Thessalonians 2:10-12 And with all delusion of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth...

2 Peter 3:5 For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old...

retain. or, acknowledge. a reprobate mind. or, a mind void of judgment.

Jeremiah 6:30 Reprobate silver shall men call them, because the LORD has rejected them.

2 Corinthians 13:5-7 Examine yourselves, whether you be in the faith; prove your own selves. Know you not your own selves, how that Jesus Christ is in you...

2 Timothy 3:8 Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, reprobate concerning the faith.

Titus 1:16 They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and to every good work reprobate.

not convenient.

Ephesians 5:4 Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not convenient: but rather giving of thanks.

Philemon 1:8 Why, though I might be much bold in Christ to enjoin you that which is convenient,

Cross References
Genesis 6:5
The LORD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intention of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

2 Samuel 22:27
with the purified you deal purely, and with the crooked you make yourself seem tortuous.

Psalm 69:27
Add to them punishment upon punishment; may they have no acquittal from you.

Ezekiel 20:25
Moreover, I gave them statutes that were not good and rules by which they could not have life,

Romans 1:24
Therefore God gave them up in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, to the dishonoring of their bodies among themselves,

Ephesians 5:4
Let there be no filthiness nor foolish talk nor crude joking, which are out of place, but instead let there be thanksgiving.

2 Thessalonians 2:11
Therefore God sends them a strong delusion, so that they may believe what is false,

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