Revelation 9:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
they had breastplates like breastplates of iron, and the noise of their wings was like the noise of many chariots with horses rushing into battle.

King James Bible
And they had breastplates, as it were breastplates of iron; and the sound of their wings was as the sound of chariots of many horses running to battle.

American Standard Version
And they had breastplates, as it were breastplates of iron; and the sound of their wings was as the sound of chariots, of many horses rushing to war.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they had breastplates as breastplates of iron, and the noise of their wings was as the noise of chariots and many horses running to battle.

English Revised Version
And they had breastplates, as it were breastplates of iron; and the sound of their wings was as the sound of chariots, of many horses rushing to war.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they had breast-plates, as it were breast-plates of iron; and the sound of their wings was as the sound of chariots of many horses running to battle.

Weymouth New Testament
They had breast-plates which seemed to be made of steel; and the noise caused by their wings was like that of a vast number of horses and chariots hurrying into battle.

Revelation 9:9 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Breastplates

The breast of the locust resembles the plates of a horse's armor.

Sound of their wings

Olivier, a French writer, says: "It in difficult to express the effect produced on us by the sight of the whole atmosphere filled on all sides and to a great height by an innumerable quantity of these insects, whose flight was slow and uniform, and whose noise resembled that of rain." For a graphic description of their numbers and ravages, see Thomson, "Land and Book, Central Palestine and Phoenicia," 295-302.

Of chariots of many horses

That is, of many-horsed chariots. The Rev., by the insertion of a comma, apparently takes the two clauses as parallel: the sound of chariots, (the sound) of many horses.

Tails like unto scorpions

The comparison with the insect as it exists in nature fails here, though Smith's "Bible Dictionary" gives a picture of a species of locust, the Acridium Lineola, a species commonly sold for food in the markets of Bagdad, which has a sting in the tail.

Stings (κέντρα)

Originally any sharp point. A goad. See on pricks, Acts 26:14. Plato uses it of the peg of a top ("Republic," 436). Herodotus of an instrument of torture. Democedes, the Crotoniat physician, having denied his knowledge of medicine to Darius, Darius bade his attendants "bring the scourges and pricking-irons (κέντρα) (3, 30) Sophocles of the buckle-tongues with which Oedipus put out his eyes.

"Woe, woe, and woe again!

How through me darts the throb these clasps (κέντρων) have caused."

"Oedipus Tyrannas," 1318.

Of the spur of a cock, the quill of a porcupine, and the stings of insects.

continued...

Revelation 9:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

they had.

Revelation 9:17 And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone...

Job 40:18 His bones are as strong pieces of brass; his bones are like bars of iron.

Job 41:23-30 The flakes of his flesh are joined together: they are firm in themselves; they cannot be moved...

Joel 2:8 Neither shall one thrust another; they shall walk every one in his path: and when they fall on the sword, they shall not be wounded.

and the.

Job 39:25 He said among the trumpets, Ha, ha; and he smells the battle afar off, the thunder of the captains, and the shouting.

Isaiah 9:5 For every battle of the warrior is with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but this shall be with burning and fuel of fire.

Joel 2:5-7 Like the noise of chariots on the tops of mountains shall they leap, like the noise of a flame of fire that devours the stubble...

Nahum 2:4,5 The chariots shall rage in the streets, they shall jostle one against another in the broad ways: they shall seem like torches...

Cross References
Jeremiah 47:3
At the noise of the stamping of the hoofs of his stallions, at the rushing of his chariots, at the rumbling of their wheels, the fathers look not back to their children, so feeble are their hands,

Joel 2:5
As with the rumbling of chariots, they leap on the tops of the mountains, like the crackling of a flame of fire devouring the stubble, like a powerful army drawn up for battle.

Revelation 9:17
And this is how I saw the horses in my vision and those who rode them: they wore breastplates the color of fire and of sapphire and of sulfur, and the heads of the horses were like lions' heads, and fire and smoke and sulfur came out of their mouths.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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