Revelation 5:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Then I saw in the right hand of him who was seated on the throne a scroll written within and on the back, sealed with seven seals.

King James Bible
And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals.

American Standard Version
And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the back, close sealed with seven seals.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne, a book written within and without, sealed with seven seals.

English Revised Version
And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the back, close sealed with seven seals.

Webster's Bible Translation
And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals.

Weymouth New Testament
And I saw lying in the right hand of Him who sat on the throne a book written on both sides and closely sealed with seven seals.

Revelation 5:1 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

In (ἐπί)

Lit., on. The book or roll lay upon the open hand.

A Book (βιβλίον)

See on Matthew 19:7; see on Mark 10:4; see on Luke 4:17. Compare Ezekiel 2:9; Jeremiah 36:2; Zechariah 5:1, Zechariah 5:2.

Within and on the back side (ἔσωθεν καὶ ὄπισθεν)

Compare Ezekiel 2:10. Indicating the completeness of the divine counsels contained in the book. Rolls written on both sides were called opistographi. Pliny the younger says that his uncle, the elder Pliny, left him an hundred and sixty commentaries, most minutely written, and written on the back, by which this number is multiplied. Juvenal, inveighing against the poetasters who are declaiming their rubbish on all sides, says: "Shall that one then have recited to me his comedies, and this his elegies with impunity? Shall huge 'Telephus' with impunity have consumed a whole day; or - with the margin to the end of the book already filled - 'Orestes,' written on the very back, and yet not concluded?" (i., 3-6).

Sealed (κατεσφραγισμένον)

Only here in the New Testament. The preposition κατά denotes sealed down. So Rev., close sealed. The roll is wound round a staff and fastened down to it with the seven seals. The unrolling of the parchment is nowhere indicated in the vision. Commentators have puzzled themselves to explain the arrangement of the seals, so as to admit of the unrolling of a portion with the opening of each seal. Dsterdieck remarks that, With an incomparably more beautiful and powerful representation, the contents of the roll are successively symbolized by the vision which follows upon the opening of each seal. "The contents of the book leap forth in plastic symbols from the loosened seal." Milligan explains the seven seals as one seal, comparing the seven churches and the seven spirits as signifying one church and one spirit, and doubts if the number seven has here any mystical meaning. Others, as Alford, claim that the completeness of the divine purposes is indicated by the perfect number seven.

Revelation 5:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

that sat. See on ch.

Revelation 4:3 And he that sat was to look on like a jasper and a sardine stone: and there was a rainbow round about the throne...

a book.

Revelation 10:2,8-11 And he had in his hand a little book open: and he set his right foot on the sea, and his left foot on the earth...

Isaiah 34:16 Seek you out of the book of the LORD, and read: no one of these shall fail, none shall want her mate: for my mouth it has commanded...

Ezekiel 2:9,10 And when I looked, behold, an hand was sent to me; and, see, a roll of a book was therein...

sealed.

Revelation 6:1 And I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seals, and I heard, as it were the noise of thunder, one of the four beasts saying...

Isaiah 8:16 Bind up the testimony, seal the law among my disciples.

Isaiah 29:11 And the vision of all is become to you as the words of a book that is sealed, which men deliver to one that is learned, saying...

Daniel 8:26 And the vision of the evening and the morning which was told is true: why shut you up the vision; for it shall be for many days.

Daniel 12:4-9 But you, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro...

Cross References
Isaiah 29:11
And the vision of all this has become to you like the words of a book that is sealed. When men give it to one who can read, saying, "Read this," he says, "I cannot, for it is sealed."

Ezekiel 2:9
And when I looked, behold, a hand was stretched out to me, and behold, a scroll of a book was in it.

Ezekiel 2:10
And he spread it before me. And it had writing on the front and on the back, and there were written on it words of lamentation and mourning and woe.

Daniel 12:4
But you, Daniel, shut up the words and seal the book, until the time of the end. Many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall increase."

Zechariah 5:1
Again I lifted my eyes and saw, and behold, a flying scroll!

Revelation 4:9
And whenever the living creatures give glory and honor and thanks to him who is seated on the throne, who lives forever and ever,

Revelation 5:7
And he went and took the scroll from the right hand of him who was seated on the throne.

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