Revelation 3:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“And to the angel of the church in Sardis write: ‘The words of him who has the seven spirits of God and the seven stars. “‘I know your works. You have the reputation of being alive, but you are dead.

King James Bible
And unto the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead.

American Standard Version
And to the angel of the church in Sardis write: These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars: I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and thou art dead.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And to the angel of the church of Sardis, write: These things saith he, that hath the seven spirits of God, and the seven stars: I know thy works, that thou hast the name of being alive: and thou art dead.

English Revised Version
And to the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars: I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and thou art dead.

Webster's Bible Translation
And to the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou hast a name, that thou livest, and art dead.

Weymouth New Testament
"To the minister of the Church at Sardis write as follows: "'This is what He who has the seven Spirits of God and the seven stars says. I know your doings--you are supposed to be alive, but in reality you are dead.

Revelation 3:1 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Sardis

The capital of the ancient kingdom of Lydia. It was situated in a plain watered by the river Pactolus. The city was of very ancient origin. Herodotus (i., 84) gives the account of its siege and capture by Cyrus, and of its previous fortification by an old king, Meles. It was ruled by a series of able princes, the last of whom was Croesus, celebrated for his wealth and his misfortunes. In the earlier part of his reign he extended his dominion over the whole of Asia Minor, with the exception of Lycia and Cilicia. The Lydian rule was terminated by the conquest of Cyrus. From the Persians it passed into the hands of Alexander the Great, after which, for the next three hundred years, its fortunes are obscure. In b.c. 214 it was taken and sacked by Antiochus the Great after a siege of two years. The kings of Pergamus next succeeded to the dominion, and from them it passed into the hands of the Romans.

In the time of Tiberius it was desolated by an earthquake, together with eleven or twelve other important cities of Asia, and the calamity was increased by a pestilence.

Sardis was in very early times an important commercial city. Pliny says that the art of dyeing wool was invented there, and it was the entrept of the dyed woolen manufactures, carpets, etc., the raw material for which was furnished by the flocks of Phrygia. It was also the place where the metal electrum was procured. Gold was found in the bed of the Pactolus. Silver and gold coins are said to have been first minted there, and it was at one time known as a slave-mart. The impure worship of the goddess Cybele was celebrated there, and the massive ruins of her temple are still to be seen. The city is now a heap of ruins. In 1850 no human being found a dwelling there.

The seven Spirits of God

See on Revelation 1:4.

Revelation 3:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

unto. See on ch.

Revelation 1:11,20 Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What you see, write in a book...

he that. See on ch.

Revelation 1:4 John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be to you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come...

Revelation 4:5 And out of the throne proceeded lightning and thunder and voices: and there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne...

Revelation 5:6 And I beheld, and, see, in the middle of the throne and of the four beasts, and in the middle of the elders...

John 1:16,33 And of his fullness have all we received, and grace for grace...

John 3:34 For he whom God has sent speaks the words of God: for God gives not the Spirit by measure to him.

John 7:37-39 In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come to me, and drink...

John 15:26,27 But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send to you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceeds from the Father...

John 20:22 And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and said to them, Receive you the Holy Ghost:

Acts 2:33 Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost...

1 Peter 1:11 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify...

and the.

Revelation 1:16,20 And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp two edged sword...

Revelation 2:1 To the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things said he that holds the seven stars in his right hand...

I know. See on ch.

Revelation 2:2,9,13,19 I know your works, and your labor, and your patience, and how you can not bear them which are evil...

and art.

Luke 15:24,32 For this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found. And they began to be merry...

Ephesians 2:1,5 And you has he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins...

Colossians 2:13 And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, has he quickened together with him...

1 Timothy 5:6 But she that lives in pleasure is dead while she lives.

James 2:26 For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.

Jude 1:12 These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds they are without water...

Cross References
1 Timothy 5:6
but she who is self-indulgent is dead even while she lives.

Revelation 1:4
John to the seven churches that are in Asia: Grace to you and peace from him who is and who was and who is to come, and from the seven spirits who are before his throne,

Revelation 1:11
saying, "Write what you see in a book and send it to the seven churches, to Ephesus and to Smyrna and to Pergamum and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to Philadelphia and to Laodicea."

Revelation 1:16
In his right hand he held seven stars, from his mouth came a sharp two-edged sword, and his face was like the sun shining in full strength.

Revelation 1:20
As for the mystery of the seven stars that you saw in my right hand, and the seven golden lampstands, the seven stars are the angels of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands are the seven churches.

Revelation 2:2
"'I know your works, your toil and your patient endurance, and how you cannot bear with those who are evil, but have tested those who call themselves apostles and are not, and found them to be false.

Revelation 3:2
Wake up, and strengthen what remains and is about to die, for I have not found your works complete in the sight of my God.

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