Proverbs 6:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For the commandment is a lamp and the teaching a light, and the reproofs of discipline are the way of life,

King James Bible
For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life:

American Standard Version
For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; And reproofs of instruction are the way of life:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Because the commandment is a lamp, and the law a light, and reproofs of instruction are the way of life:

English Revised Version
For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life:

Webster's Bible Translation
For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light; and reproofs of instruction are the way of life:

Proverbs 6:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

What now follows is not a separate section (Hitzig), but the corroborative continuation of that which precedes. The last word (מדנים, strife) before the threatening of punishment, 14b, is also here the last. The thought that no vice is a greater abomination to God than the (in fact satanical) striving to set men at variance who love one another, clothes itself in the form of the numerical proverb which we have already considered, pp. 12, 13. From that place we transfer the translation of this example of a Midda: -

16 There are six things which Jahve hateth,

     And seven are an abhorrence to His soul:

17 Haughty eyes, a lying tongue,

     And hands that shed innocent blood;

18 An heart that deviseth the thoughts of evil,

     Feet that hastily run to wickedness,

19 One that uttereth lies as a false witness,

     And he who soweth strife between brethren.

The sense is not, that the six things are hateful to God, and the seventh an abomination to Him besides (Lwenstein); the Midda-form in Amos 1:3-2:6, and in the proverb in Job 5:19, shows that the seven are to be numbered separately, and the seventh is the non plus ultra of all that is hated by God. We are not to translate: sex haecce odit, for המּה, הנּה, (הם, הן) points backwards and hitherwards, but not, as אלּה, forwards to that immediately following; in that case the words would be שׁשׁ אלה, or more correctly האלה שׁשׁ. But also Hitzig's explanation, "These six things (viz., Proverbs 6:12-15) Jahve hateth," is impossible; for (which is also against that haecce) the substantive pronoun המה nuonorp , הנה (ההמה, ההנה) is never, like the Chald. המּון (המּו), employed as an accus. in the sense of אתהם, אתהן, it is always (except where it is the virtual gen. connected with a preposition) only the nom., whether of the subject or of the predicate; and where it is the nom. of the predicate, as Deuteronomy 20:15; Isaiah 51:19, substantival clauses precede in which הנה (המה) represents the substantive verb, or, more correctly, in which the logical copula resulting from the connection of the clause itself remains unexpressed. Accordingly, 'שׂנא ה is a relative clause, and is therefore so accentuated here, as at Proverbs 30:15 and elsewhere: sex (sunt) ea quae Deus odit, et septem (sunt) abominatio animae ejus. Regarding the statement that the soul of God hates anything, vid., at Isaiah 1:14. תועבות, an error in the writing occasioned by the numeral (vid., Proverbs 26:25), is properly corrected by the Kerı̂; the poet had certainly the singular in view, as Proverbs 3:32; Proverbs 11:1, when he wrote תועבת. The first three characteristics are related to each other as mental, verbal, actual, denoted by the members of the body by means of which these characteristics come to light. The virtues are taken all together as a body (organism), and meekness is its head. Therefore there stands above all, as the sin of sins, the mentis elatae tumor, which expresses itself in elatum (grande) supercilium: עינים רמות, the feature of the רם, haughty (cf. Psalm 18:28 with 2 Samuel 22:28), is the opposite of the feature of the שׁח עינים, Job 22:29; עין is in the O.T. almost always (vid., Sol 4:9) fem., and adjectives of course form no dual. The second of these characteristics is the lying tongue, and the third the murderous hands. דּם־נקי is innocent blood as distinguished from דּם הנּקי, the blood of the innocent, Deuteronomy 19:13.

(Note: The writing דּם follows the Masoretic rule, vid., Kimchi, Michlol 205b, and Heidenheim under Deuteronomy 19:10, where in printed editions of the text (also in Norzi's) the irregular form דּם נקי is found. Besides, the Metheg is to be given to דּם־, so that one may not read it dom, as e.g., שׁשׁ־מאות, Genesis 7:11, that one may not read it שׁשׁ־.)

Proverbs 6:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the commandment

Psalm 19:8 The statutes of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes.

Psalm 119:98-100,105 You through your commandments have made me wiser than my enemies: for they are ever with me...

Isaiah 8:20 To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.

2 Peter 1:19 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto you do well that you take heed, as to a light that shines in a dark place...

lamp

Revelation 2:5 Remember therefore from where you are fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come to you quickly...

and reproofs

Proverbs 5:12 And say, How have I hated instruction, and my heart despised reproof;

Proverbs 15:31 The ear that hears the reproof of life stays among the wise.

Proverbs 29:15 The rod and reproof give wisdom: but a child left to himself brings his mother to shame.

Leviticus 19:17 You shall not hate your brother in your heart: you shall in any wise rebuke your neighbor, and not suffer sin on him.

Psalm 141:5 Let the righteous smite me; it shall be a kindness: and let him reprove me; it shall be an excellent oil, which shall not break my head...

the way

Proverbs 3:18 She is a tree of life to them that lay hold on her: and happy is every one that retains her.

Proverbs 4:4,13 He taught me also, and said to me, Let your heart retain my words: keep my commandments, and live...

Proverbs 15:24 The way of life is above to the wise, that he may depart from hell beneath.

Jeremiah 21:8 And to this people you shall say, Thus said the LORD; Behold, I set before you the way of life, and the way of death.

Cross References
Genesis 39:8
But he refused and said to his master's wife, "Behold, because of me my master has no concern about anything in the house, and he has put everything that he has in my charge.

Psalm 19:8
the precepts of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart; the commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes;

Psalm 119:105
Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path.

Psalm 119:130
The unfolding of your words gives light; it imparts understanding to the simple.

Proverbs 10:17
Whoever heeds instruction is on the path to life, but he who rejects reproof leads others astray.

Ecclesiastes 7:5
It is better for a man to hear the rebuke of the wise than to hear the song of fools.

Ecclesiastes 7:26
And I find something more bitter than death: the woman whose heart is snares and nets, and whose hands are fetters. He who pleases God escapes her, but the sinner is taken by her.

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