Proverbs 4:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The way of the wicked is like deep darkness; they do not know over what they stumble.

King James Bible
The way of the wicked is as darkness: they know not at what they stumble.

American Standard Version
The way of the wicked is as darkness: They know not at what they stumble.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The way of the wicked is darksome: they know not where they fall.

English Revised Version
The way of the wicked is as darkness: they know not at what they stumble.

Webster's Bible Translation
The way of the wicked is as darkness: they know not at what they stumble.

Proverbs 4:19 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The exhortations attracting by means of promises, now become warnings fitted to alarm:

13 Hold fast to instruction, let her not go;

     Keep her, for she is thy life.

14 Into the path of the wicked enter not,

     And walk not in the way of the evil

15 Avoid it, enter not into it;

     Turn from it and pass away.

16 For they cannot sleep unless they do evil,

     And they are deprived of sleep unless they bring others to ruin.

17 For they eat the bread of wickedness,

     And they drink the wine of violence.

Elsewhere מוּסר means also self-discipline, or moral religious education, Proverbs 1:3; here discipline, i.e., parental educative counsel. תּרף is the segolated fut. apoc. Hiph. (indic. תּרפּה) from tarp, cf. the imper. Hiph. הרף from harp. נצּרה is the imper. Kal (not Piel, as Aben Ezra thinks) with Dagesh dirimens; cf. the verbal substantive נצּרה Psalm 141:3, with similar Dagesh, after the form יקּהה, Genesis 49:10. מוּסר (elsewhere always masc.) is here used in the fem. as the synonym of the name of wisdom: keep her (instruction), for she is thy life,

(Note: Punctuate כּי היא; the Zinnorith represents the place of the Makkeph, vid., Torath Emeth, p. 9.)

i.e., the life of thy life. In Proverbs 4:14 the godless (vid., on the root-idea of רשׁע under Psalm 1:1) and the habitually wicked, i.e., the vicious, stand in parallelism; בּוא and אשּׁר are related as entering and going on, ingressus and progressus. The verb אשׁר signifies, like ישׁר, to be straight, even, fortunate, whence אשׁר equals Arab. yusâr, happiness, and to step straight out, Proverbs 9:6, of which meanings אשּׁר is partly the intensive, as here, partly the causative, Proverbs 23:19 (elsewhere causative of the meaning, to be happy, Genesis 30:13). The meaning progredi is not mediated by a supplementary צעדיו; the derivative אשׁוּר (אשּׁוּר), a step, shows that it is derived immediately from the root-idea of a movement in a straight line. Still less justifiable is the rendering by Schultens, ne vestigia imprimas in via malorum; for the Arab. âththr is denom. of ithr, אתר, the primitive verb roots of which, athr, אתר equals אשׁר, are lost.

Proverbs 4:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Samuel 2:9 He will keep the feet of his saints, and the wicked shall be silent in darkness; for by strength shall no man prevail.

Job 5:14 They meet with darkness in the day time, and grope in the noonday as in the night.

Job 12:25 They grope in the dark without light, and he makes them to stagger like a drunken man.

Job 18:5,6,18 Yes, the light of the wicked shall be put out, and the spark of his fire shall not shine...

Isaiah 59:9,10 Therefore is judgment far from us, neither does justice overtake us: we wait for light, but behold obscurity; for brightness...

Jeremiah 13:16 Give glory to the LORD your God, before he cause darkness, and before your feet stumble on the dark mountains, and...

Jeremiah 23:12 Why their way shall be to them as slippery ways in the darkness: they shall be driven on, and fall therein...

Matthew 7:23 And then will I profess to them, I never knew you: depart from me, you that work iniquity.

Matthew 15:14 Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.

John 12:35 Then Jesus said to them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while you have the light, lest darkness come on you...

1 John 2:11 But he that hates his brother is in darkness, and walks in darkness, and knows not where he goes...

Cross References
John 11:10
But if anyone walks in the night, he stumbles, because the light is not in him."

John 12:35
So Jesus said to them, "The light is among you for a little while longer. Walk while you have the light, lest darkness overtake you. The one who walks in the darkness does not know where he is going.

Job 18:5
"Indeed, the light of the wicked is put out, and the flame of his fire does not shine.

Job 18:6
The light is dark in his tent, and his lamp above him is put out.

Proverbs 2:13
who forsake the paths of uprightness to walk in the ways of darkness,

Isaiah 59:9
Therefore justice is far from us, and righteousness does not overtake us; we hope for light, and behold, darkness, and for brightness, but we walk in gloom.

Isaiah 59:10
We grope for the wall like the blind; we grope like those who have no eyes; we stumble at noon as in the twilight, among those in full vigor we are like dead men.

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