Proverbs 3:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
for length of days and years of life and peace they will add to you.

King James Bible
For length of days, and long life, and peace, shall they add to thee.

American Standard Version
For length of days, and years of life, And peace, will they add to thee.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For they shall add to thee length of days, and years of life and peace.

English Revised Version
For length of days, and years of life, and peace, shall they add to thee.

Webster's Bible Translation
For length of days, and long life, and peace, shall they add to thee.

Proverbs 3:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

17 Who forsakes the companion of her youth,

     And forgets the covenant of her God;

18 For she sinks down to death together with her house,

     And to the shadow of Hades her paths -

19 All they who go to her return not again,

     And reach not the paths of life

אלּוּף, as here used, has nothing to do with the phylarch-name, similar in sound, which is a denom. of אלף; but it comes immediately from אלף, to accustom oneself to a person or cause, to be familiar therewith (while the Aram. אלף, ילף, to learn, Pa. to teach), and thus means, as the synon. of רע, the companion or familiar associate (vid., Schultens). Parallels such as Jeremiah 3:4 suggested to the old interpreters the allegorical explanation of the adulteress as the personification of the apostasy or of heresy. Proverbs 2:18 the lxx translate: ἔθετο γὰρ παρὰ τῷ θανάτῳ τὸν οἶκον αὐτῆς: she (the dissolute wife) has placed her house beside death (the abyss of death). This שׁחה [ἔθετο] is perhaps the original, for the text as it lies before us is doubtful, though, rightly understood, admissible. The accentuation marks בּיתהּ as the subject, but בּית is elsewhere always masc., and does not, like the rarer ארח, Proverbs 2:15, admit in usage a double gender; also, if the fem. usage were here introduced (Bertheau, Hitzig), then the predicate, even though ביתה were regarded as fem., might be, in conformity with rule, שׁח, as e.g., Isaiah 2:17. שׁחה is, as in Psalm 44:26, 3rd pr. of שׁוּח, Arab. sâkh, to go down, to sink; the emendation שׁחה (Joseph Kimchi) does not recommend itself on this account, that שׁחה and שׁחח mean, according to usage, to stoop or to bend down; and to interpret (Ralbag, השׁפילה) שׁחה transitively is inadmissible. For that reason Aben Ezra interprets ביתה as in apposition: to death, to its house; but then the poet in that case should say אל־שׁאול, for death is not a house. On the other hand, we cannot perceive in ביתה an accus. of the nearer definition (J. H. Michaelis, Fl.); the expression would here, as 15a, be refined without purpose. Bttcher has recognised ביתה as permutative, the personal subject: for she sinks down to death, her house, i.e., she herself, together with all that belongs to her; cf. the permutative of the subject, Job 29:3; Isaiah 29:23 (vid., comm. l.c.), and the more particularly statement of the object, Exodus 2:6, etc. Regarding רפאים, shadows of the under-world (from רפה, synon. חלה, weakened, or to become powerless), a word common to the Solomonic writings, vid., Comment. on Isaiah, p. 206. What Proverbs 2:18 says of the person of the adulteress, Proverbs 2:19 says of those who live with her ביתה, her house-companions. בּאיה, "those entering in to her," is equivalent to בּאים אליה; the participle of verbs eundi et veniendi takes the accusative object of the finite as gen. in st. constr., as e.g., Proverbs 1:12; Proverbs 2:7; Genesis 23:18; Genesis 9:10 (cf. Jeremiah 10:20). The ישׁוּבוּן, with the tone on the ult., is a protestation: there is no return for those who practise fornication,

(Note: One is here reminded of the expression in the Aeneid, vi. 127-129:

Revocare gradum superasque evadere ad auras,

Hoc opes, hoc labor est.

See also an impure but dreadful Talmudic story about a dissolute Rabbi, b. Aboda zara, 17a.)

and they do not reach the paths of life from which they have so widely strayed.

(Note: In correct texts ולא־ישיגו has the Makkeph. Vid., Torath Emeth, p. 41; Accentuationssystem, xx. 2.)

Proverbs 3:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

length

Proverbs 3:16 Length of days is in her right hand; and in her left hand riches and honor.

Proverbs 4:10 Hear, O my son, and receive my sayings; and the years of your life shall be many.

Proverbs 9:11 For by me your days shall be multiplied, and the years of your life shall be increased.

Job 5:26 You shall come to your grave in a full age, like as a shock of corn comes in in his season.

Psalm 34:11-14 Come, you children, listen to me: I will teach you the fear of the LORD...

Psalm 91:16 With long life will I satisfy him, and show him my salvation.

Psalm 128:6 Yes, you shall see your children's children, and peace on Israel.

Ephesians 6:1-3 Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right...

1 Timothy 4:8 For bodily exercise profits little: but godliness is profitable to all things, having promise of the life that now is...

long life

Psalm 21:4 He asked life of you, and you gave it him, even length of days for ever and ever.

and peace

Proverbs 3:17 Her ways are ways of pleasantness, and all her paths are peace.

Psalm 119:165 Great peace have they which love your law: and nothing shall offend them.

Isaiah 32:17 And the work of righteousness shall be peace; and the effect of righteousness quietness and assurance for ever.

Isaiah 57:19-21 I create the fruit of the lips; Peace, peace to him that is far off, and to him that is near, said the LORD; and I will heal him...

Romans 5:1 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:

Romans 14:17 For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.

Romans 15:13 Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that you may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost.

Cross References
Deuteronomy 11:21
that your days and the days of your children may be multiplied in the land that the LORD swore to your fathers to give them, as long as the heavens are above the earth.

1 Kings 3:14
And if you will walk in my ways, keeping my statutes and my commandments, as your father David walked, then I will lengthen your days."

Psalm 91:16
With long life I will satisfy him and show him my salvation."

Psalm 119:165
Great peace have those who love your law; nothing can make them stumble.

Proverbs 3:16
Long life is in her right hand; in her left hand are riches and honor.

Proverbs 4:10
Hear, my son, and accept my words, that the years of your life may be many.

Proverbs 9:11
For by me your days will be multiplied, and years will be added to your life.

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