Proverbs 3:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
She is a tree of life to those who lay hold of her; those who hold her fast are called blessed.

King James Bible
She is a tree of life to them that lay hold upon her: and happy is every one that retaineth her.

American Standard Version
She is a tree of life to them that lay hold upon her: And happy is every one that retaineth her.

Douay-Rheims Bible
She is a tree of life to them that lay hold on her: and he that shall retain her is blessed.

English Revised Version
She is a tree of life to them that lay hold upon her: and happy is every one that retaineth her.

Webster's Bible Translation
She is a tree of life to them that lay hold upon her: and happy is every one that retaineth her.

Proverbs 3:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The contrast here follows. As God should not be forgotten in days of prosperity, so one should not suffer himself to be estranged from Him by days of adversity.

11 The school of Jahve, my son, despise thou not,

     Nor loathe thou His correction;

12 For Jahve correcteth him whom He loveth,

     And that as a father his son whom he loveth

Vid., the original passage Job 5:17. There is not for the Book of Job a more suitable motto than this tetrastich, which expresses its fundamental thought, that there is a being chastened and tried by suffering which has as its motive the love of God, and which does not exclude sonship.

(Note: Here Procop. rightly distinguishes between παιδεία and τιμωρία.)

One may say that Proverbs 3:11 expresses the problem of the Book of Job, and Proverbs 3:12 its solution. מוּסר, παιδεία, we have translated "school," for יסּר, παιδεύειν, means in reality to take one into school. Ahndung [punishment] or Rge [reproof] is the German word which most corresponds to the Hebr. תּוכחה or תּוכחת. קוּץ ב (whence here the prohibitive תּקץ with אל) means to experience loathing (disgust) at anything, or aversion (vexation) toward anything. The lxx (cited Hebrews 12:5.), μηδὲ ἐκλύου, nor be faint-hearted, which joins in to the general thought, that we should not be frightened away from God, or let ourselves be estranged from Him by the attitude of anger in which He appears in His determination to inflict suffering. In 12a the accentuation leaves it undefined whether יהוה as subject belongs to the relative or to the principal clause; the traditional succession of accents, certified also by Ben Bileam, is כי את אשׁר יאהב יהוה, for this passage belongs to the few in which more than three servants (viz., Mahpach, Mercha, and three Munachs) go before the Athnach.

(Note: Vid., Torath Emeth, p. 19; Accentuationssystem, vi. 6; the differences between Ben-Asher and Ben-Naphtali in the Appendixes to Biblia Rabbinica; Dachselt's Biblia Accentuata, and Pinner's Prospectus, p. 91 (Odessa, 1845).)

The further peculiarity is here to be observed, that את, although without the Makkeph, retains its Segol, besides here only in Psalm 47:5; Psalm 60:2. 12b is to be interpreted thus (cf. Proverbs 9:5): "and (that) as a father the son, whom he loves." The ו is explanatory, as 1 Samuel 28:3 (Gesenius, 155, 1a), and ירצה (which one may supplement by אתו or בּו) is a defining clause having the force of a clause with אשׁר. The translation et ut pater qui filio bene cupit, is syntactically (cf. Isaiah 40:11) and accentually (vid., 13b) not less admissible, but translating "and as a father he holds his son dear," or with Hitzig (after Jeremiah 31:10, a passage not quite syntactically the same), "and holds him dear, as a father his son" (which Zckler without syntactical authority prefers on account of the 2nd modus, cf. e.g., Psalm 51:18), does not seem a right parallel clause, since the giving of correction is the chief point, and the love only the accompanying consideration (Proverbs 13:24). According to our interpretation, יוכיח is to be carried forward in the mind from 12a. The lxx find the parallel word in יכאב, for they translate μαστιγοῖ δὲ πάντα υἱὸν, ὃν παραδέχεται, and thus have read יכאב or ויכאב.

Proverbs 3:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Proverbs 11:30 The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life; and he that wins souls is wise.

Proverbs 13:14 The law of the wise is a fountain of life, to depart from the snares of death.

Genesis 2:9 And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food...

Genesis 3:22 And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand...

Revelation 22:2 In the middle of the street of it, and on either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bore twelve manner of fruits...

Cross References
Revelation 2:7
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To the one who conquers I will grant to eat of the tree of life, which is in the paradise of God.'

Genesis 2:9
And out of the ground the LORD God made to spring up every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. The tree of life was in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

Proverbs 4:13
Keep hold of instruction; do not let go; guard her, for she is your life.

Proverbs 8:34
Blessed is the one who listens to me, watching daily at my gates, waiting beside my doors.

Proverbs 11:30
The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life, and whoever captures souls is wise.

Proverbs 13:12
Hope deferred makes the heart sick, but a desire fulfilled is a tree of life.

Proverbs 15:4
A gentle tongue is a tree of life, but perverseness in it breaks the spirit.

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