Proverbs 29:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
A righteous man knows the rights of the poor; a wicked man does not understand such knowledge.

King James Bible
The righteous considereth the cause of the poor: but the wicked regardeth not to know it.

American Standard Version
The righteous taketh knowledge of the cause of the poor; The wicked hath not understanding to know it .

Douay-Rheims Bible
The just taketh notice of the cause of the poor: the wicked is void of knowledge.

English Revised Version
The righteous taketh knowledge of the cause of the poor: the wicked hath not understanding to know it.

Webster's Bible Translation
The righteous considereth the cause of the poor: but the wicked regardeth not to know it.

Proverbs 29:7 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

A general ethical proverb here follows:

A man often corrected who hardeneth his neck,

Shall suddenly go to ruin without remedy.

Line second equals Proverbs 6:15. The connection אישׁ תּוכחות must make the nearest impression on a reader of the Book of Proverbs that they mean a censurer (reprehender), but which is set aside by what follows, for the genit. after אישׁ is, Proverbs 16:29; Proverbs 26:21; Proverbs 29:10; Proverbs 13:20, the designation of that which proceeds from the subject treated. And since תּוכחות, Psalm 37:15; Job 23:4, denotes counter evidence, and generally rejoinders, thus in the first line a reasoner is designated who lets nothing be said to him, and nothing be shown to him, but contradicts all and every one. Thus e.g., Fleischer: vir qui correptus contradicit et cervicem obdurat. But this interpolated correptus gives involuntary testimony of this, that the nearest lying impression of the 'אישׁ תו suffers a change by מקשׁה ערף: if we read הקשׁה (לב) ערף with 'תו, the latter then designates the correptio, over against which is placed obstinate boldness (Syr., Targ., Jerome, Luther), and 'תו shows itself thus to be gen. objecti, and we have to compare the gen. connection of אישׁ, as at Proverbs 18:23; Proverbs 21:17, or rather at 1 Kings 20:42 and Jeremiah 15:10. But it is unnecessary, with Hitzig, to limit 'תו to divine infliction of punishment, and after Hosea 5:9; Isaiah 37:3, to read תוכחות [punishment], which occurs, Psalm 149:7, in the sense of punishment inflicted by man.

(Note: Vid., Zunz, "Regarding the Idea and the Use of Tokhecha," in Steinschneider's Heb. Bibliographia, entitled המחכיר, 1871, p. 70f.)

Besides, we must think first not of actual punishment, but of chastening, reproving words; and the man to whom are spoken the reproving words is one whose conduct merits more and more severe censure, and continually receives correction from those who are concerned for his welfare. Hitzig regards the first line as a conditional clause: "Is a man of punishment stiff-necked?".... This is syntactically impossible. Only מקשׁה ערף could have such force: a man of punishment, if he.... But why then did not the author rather write the words והוא מקשׁה ערף? Why then could not מקשׁה ערף be a co-ordinated further description of the man? Cf. e.g., Exodus 17:21. The door of penitence, to which earnest, well-meant admonition calls a man, does not always remain open. He who with stiff-necked persistence in sin and in self-delusion sets himself in opposition to all endeavours to save his soul, shall one day suddenly, and without the prospect and possibility of restoration (cf. Jeremiah 19:11), become a wreck. Audi doctrinam si vis vitare ruinam.

Proverbs 29:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

considereth

Job 29:16 I was a father to the poor: and the cause which I knew not I searched out.

Job 31:13,21 If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, when they contended with me...

Psalm 31:7 I will be glad and rejoice in your mercy: for you have considered my trouble; you have known my soul in adversities;

Psalm 41:1 Blessed is he that considers the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble.

Galatians 6:1 Brothers, if a man be overtaken in a fault, you which are spiritual, restore such an one in the spirit of meekness...

but

Proverbs 21:13 Whoever stops his ears at the cry of the poor, he also shall cry himself, but shall not be heard.

1 Samuel 25:9-11 And when David's young men came, they spoke to Nabal according to all those words in the name of David, and ceased...

Jeremiah 5:28 They are waxen fat, they shine: yes, they overpass the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless...

Jeremiah 22:15-17 Shall you reign, because you close yourself in cedar? did not your father eat and drink, and do judgment and justice...

Ezekiel 22:7,29-31 In you have they set light by father and mother: in the middle of you have they dealt by oppression with the stranger...

Micah 3:1-4 And I said, Hear, I pray you, O heads of Jacob, and you princes of the house of Israel; Is it not for you to know judgment...

Cross References
Job 29:16
I was a father to the needy, and I searched out the cause of him whom I did not know.

Psalm 41:1
Blessed is the one who considers the poor! In the day of trouble the LORD delivers him;

Proverbs 31:8
Open your mouth for the mute, for the rights of all who are destitute.

Proverbs 31:9
Open your mouth, judge righteously, defend the rights of the poor and needy.

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