Proverbs 28:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Those who forsake the law praise the wicked, but those who keep the law strive against them.

King James Bible
They that forsake the law praise the wicked: but such as keep the law contend with them.

American Standard Version
They that forsake the law praise the wicked; But such as keep the law contend with them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They that forsake the law, praise the wicked man: they that keep it, are incensed against him.

English Revised Version
They that forsake the law praise the wicked: but such as keep the law contend with them.

Webster's Bible Translation
They that forsake the law praise the wicked: but such as keep the law contend with them.

Proverbs 28:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

An exhortation to rural industry, and particularly to the careful tending of cattle for breeding, forms the conclusion of the foregoing series of proverbs, in which we cannot always discern an intentional grouping. It is one of the Mashal-odes spoken of vol. i. p. 12. It consists of 11 equals 4 + 7 lines.

23 Give heed to the look of thy small cattle,

     Be considerate about the herds.

24 For prosperity continues not for ever;

     And does the diadem continue from generation to generation?

25 (But) the hay is gone, and the after-growth appears,

     And the grass of the mountains is gathered:

26 Lambs serve to clothe thee,

     And goats are the price of a field.

27 And there is plenty of goats' milk for thy nourishment,

     And for the nourishment of thy house,

     And subsistence for thy maidens.

The beginning directs to the fut., as is not common in these proverbs, vid., Proverbs 26:26. With ידע, to take knowledge, which is strengthened by the inf. intensivus, is interchanged שׁית לב, which means at Proverbs 24:32 to consider well, but here, to be careful regarding anything. צאן is the small or little cattle, thus sheep and goats. Whether לעדרים (here and at Isaiah 17:2) contains the article is questionable (Gesen. 35. 2 A), and, since the herds are called העדרים, is not probable; thus: direct thy attention to the herds, that is, to this, that thou hast herds. פּני is the external side in general; here, the appearance which the sheep present; thus their condition as seen externally. In Proverbs 27:24 I formerly regarded נזר as a synonym of גּז, to be understood of the produce of wool, or, with Hitzig, of the shearing of the meadow, and thus the produce of the meadow. But this interpretation of the word is untenable, and Proverbs 27:25 provides for Proverbs 27:24, thus understood, no natural continuation of thought. That חסן signifies a store, fulness of possessions, property, and abundance, has already been shown under Proverbs 15:6; but נזר is always the mark of royal, and generally of princely dignity, and here denotes, per meton. signi pro re signata, that dignity itself. With the negative expression in 24a the interrogative in 24b is interchanged as at Job 40:9, with the implied negative answer; ואם, of an oath ("and truly not," as at Isaiah 62:8), presents the same thought, but with a passionate colouring here unnecessary. Rightly Fleischer: "ready money, moveable property, and on the other hand the highest positions of honour, are far more easily torn away from a man, and secure to him far less of quiet prosperity, than husbandry, viewed particularly with respect to the rearing of cattle." In other words: the possession of treasures and of a lofty place of power and of honour has not in itself the security of everlasting duration; but rural economy, and particularly the rearing of cattle, gives security for food and clothing. The Chethı̂b לדור דור is found, e.g., at Exodus 3:15; the Kerı̂ לדּור ודור substitutes the more usual form. If Proverbs 27:25 was an independent whole (Hitzig: grass vanishes and fresh green appears, etc.), then the meaning here and onward would be that in the sphere of husbandry it is otherwise than is said in Proverbs 27:24 : there that which is consumed renews itself, and there is an enlarging circulation. But this contrast to Proverbs 27:24 must be expressed and formed unambiguously. The connection is rather this, that Proverbs 27:23 commends the rearing of cattle, Proverbs 27:24 confirms it, and 25ff. discuss what real advantages, not dependent on the accidents of public and social life, it brings.

I rejoice to agree with Fleischer in the opinion that the perfects of Proverbs 27:25 form a complex hypothetical antecedent to Proverbs 27:26 : Quum evanuerit gramen (sc. vetus) et apparuerint herbae recentes et collecta fuerint pabula montium, agni vestitui tuo (inservient) et pretium agri (sc. a te emendi) erunt hirci, i.e., then wilt thou nourish thy herds of sheep and goats with the grass on thy fields, and with the dried gathered hay; and these will yield for thee, partly immediately and partly by the money derived therefrom (viz., from the valuable goats not needed for the flocks), all that is needful for thy life. He also remarks, under גּלה, that it means to make a place void, empty (viz., to quit the place, vacuer la forteresse); hence to leave one's fatherland or home, to wander abroad; thus, rhetorically and poetically of things and possessions: to disappear. חציר (from חצר, to be green) is hay, and דּשׁא the after-growing second crop (after-grass); thus a meadow capable of being mowed a second time is though of. עשּׂבות הרים (with Dag. dirimens, as e.g., ענּבי Deuteronomy 32:32) are the herbage of the mountains. The time when one proceeds to sheep-shearing, Proverbs 27:25 cannot intend to designate; it sets before us an interesting rural harvest scene, where, after a plentiful ingathering of hay, one sees the meadows again overspread with new grass (Ewald); but with us the shearing of sheep takes place in the month of May, when the warm season of the year is just at hand. The poet means in general to say, that when the hay is mown and now the herbage is grown up, and also the fodder from the mountains (Psalm 106:20) has been gathered home, when thus the barns are filled with plenty, the husbandman is guaranteed against the future on all sides by his stock of cattle. חלב (from חלב, Arab. halyb, with halab) is the usual metaplastic connecting form of חלב, milk. דּי (from דּי, like חי from חי), generally connected with the genitive of the person or thing, for which anything is sufficient (e.g., Proverbs 25:16, דּיּך, to which Fleischer compares Arab. hasbuha, tassuha kifayuha), has here the genitive of the thing of which, or in which, one has enough. The complex subject-conception is limited by Rebia, and the governing דּי has the subordinated disjunctive Legarmeh. עזּים is a word of two genders (epicoenum), Gesen. 107, 1d. In וחיּים the influence of the ל still continues; one does not need to supply it meanwhile, since all that maintains and nourishes life can be called חיים (vita equals victus), e.g., Proverbs 3:22. The lxx translates בּיתך by σῶν θεραπόντων, and omits (as also the Syr., but not the Syro-Hexap.) the last line as now superfluous; but that the maids attending to the cattle - by whom we particularly think of milkers - are especially mentioned, intentionally presents the figure of a well-ordered household, full of varied life and activity (Job 40:29).

Proverbs 28:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

that

1 Samuel 23:19-21 Then came up the Ziphites to Saul to Gibeah, saying, Does not David hide himself with us in strong holds in the wood...

Psalm 10:3 For the wicked boasts of his heart's desire, and blesses the covetous, whom the LORD abhors.

Psalm 49:18 Though while he lived he blessed his soul: and men will praise you, when you do well to yourself.

Jeremiah 5:30 A wonderful and horrible thing is committed in the land;

Matthew 3:15 And Jesus answering said to him, Suffer it to be so now: for thus it becomes us to fulfill all righteousness. Then he suffered him.

Acts 12:22 And the people gave a shout, saying, It is the voice of a god, and not of a man.

Acts 24:2-4 And when he was called forth, Tertullus began to accuse him, saying, Seeing that by you we enjoy great quietness...

Romans 1:32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same...

1 John 4:5 They are of the world: therefore speak they of the world, and the world hears them.

but

1 Samuel 15:14-24 And Samuel said, What means then this bleating of the sheep in my ears, and the lowing of the oxen which I hear...

1 Samuel 22:14,15 Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who is so faithful among all your servants as David, which is the king's son in law...

1 Kings 18:18,21 And he answered, I have not troubled Israel; but you, and your father's house, in that you have forsaken the commandments of the LORD...

1 Kings 20:41,42 And he hurried, and took the ashes away from his face; and the king of Israel discerned him that he was of the prophets...

1 Kings 21:19,20 And you shall speak to him, saying, Thus said the LORD, Have you killed, and also taken possession? And you shall speak to him, saying...

1 Kings 22:19-28 And he said, Hear you therefore the word of the LORD: I saw the LORD sitting on his throne...

2 Kings 3:13,14 And Elisha said to the king of Israel, What have I to do with you? get you to the prophets of your father...

Nehemiah 5:7 Then I consulted with myself, and I rebuked the nobles, and the rulers, and said to them, You exact usury, every one of his brother...

Nehemiah 13:8-11,17-20,23-26,28 And it grieved me sore: therefore I cast forth all the household stuff to Tobiah out of the chamber...

Matthew 3:7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said to them, O generation of vipers...

Matthew 14:4 For John said to him, It is not lawful for you to have her.

Acts 15:2 When therefore Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and disputation with them, they determined that Paul and Barnabas...

Acts 19:9 But when divers were hardened, and believed not, but spoke evil of that way before the multitude, he departed from them...

Galatians 2:3-6 But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised...

Ephesians 5:11 And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them.

1 Thessalonians 2:2 But even after that we had suffered before, and were shamefully entreated, as you know, at Philippi...

Jude 1:3 Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write to you of the common salvation, it was needful for me to write to you...

Cross References
Matthew 3:7
But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said to them, "You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?

Matthew 14:4
because John had been saying to him, "It is not lawful for you to have her."

Romans 1:32
Though they know God's righteous decree that those who practice such things deserve to die, they not only do them but give approval to those who practice them.

Ephesians 5:11
Take no part in the unfruitful works of darkness, but instead expose them.

1 Kings 18:18
And he answered, "I have not troubled Israel, but you have, and your father's house, because you have abandoned the commandments of the LORD and followed the Baals.

Nehemiah 13:11
So I confronted the officials and said, "Why is the house of God forsaken?" And I gathered them together and set them in their stations.

Nehemiah 13:15
In those days I saw in Judah people treading winepresses on the Sabbath, and bringing in heaps of grain and loading them on donkeys, and also wine, grapes, figs, and all kinds of loads, which they brought into Jerusalem on the Sabbath day. And I warned them on the day when they sold food.

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