Proverbs 27:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Oil and perfume make the heart glad, and the sweetness of a friend comes from his earnest counsel.

King James Bible
Ointment and perfume rejoice the heart: so doth the sweetness of a man's friend by hearty counsel.

American Standard Version
Oil and perfume rejoice the heart; So doth the sweetness of a man's friend that cometh of hearty counsel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Ointment and perfumes rejoice the heart: and the good counsels of a friend are sweet to the soul.

English Revised Version
Ointment and perfume rejoice the heart: so doth the sweetness of a man's friend that cometh of hearty counsel.

Webster's Bible Translation
Ointment and perfume rejoice the heart: so doth the sweetness of a man's friend by hearty counsel.

Proverbs 27:9 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The second pair of proverbs designates two kinds of violent passion as unbearable:

3 The heaviness of a stone, the weight of sand -

   A fool's wrath is heavier than both.

We do not translate: Gravis est petra et onerosa arena, so that the substantives stand for strengthening the idea, instead of the corresponding adjective (Fleischer, as the lxx, Jerome, Syr., Targum); the two pairs of words stand, as 4a, in genit. relation (cf. on the contrary, Proverbs 31:30), and it is as if the poet said: represent to thyself the heaviness of a stone and the weight of sand, and thou shalt find that the wrath of a fool compared thereto is still heavier, viz., for him who has to bear it; thus heavier, not for the fool himself (Hitzig, Zckler, Dchsel), but for others against whom his anger goes forth. A Jewish proverb (vid., Tendlau, No. 901) says, that one knows a man by his wine-glass (כוס), his purse (כיס), and his anger (כעס), viz., how he deports himself in the tumult; and another says that one reads what is in a man ביום כעסו, when he is in an ill-humour. Thus also כעס is to be here understood: the fool in a state of angry, wrathful excitement is so far not master of himself that the worst is to be feared; he sulks and shows hatred, and rages without being appeased; no one can calculate what he may attempt, his behaviour is unendurable. Sand, חול,

(Note: Sand is called by the name חוּל (חיל), to change, whirl, particularly to form sand-wreaths, whence (Arab.) al-Habil, the region of moving sand; vid., Wetzstein's Nord-arabien, p. 56.)

as it appears, as to the number of its grains innumerable, so as to its mass (in weight) immeasurable, Job 6:3; Sir. 22:13. נטל the Venet. translates, with strict regard to the etymology, by ἅρμα.

Proverbs 27:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

ointment

Proverbs 7:17 I have perfumed my bed with myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon.

Judges 9:9 But the olive tree said to them, Should I leave my fatness, with which by me they honor God and man...

Psalm 45:7,8 You love righteousness, and hate wickedness: therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your fellows...

Psalm 104:15 And wine that makes glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengthens man's heart.

Psalm 133:2 It is like the precious ointment on the head, that ran down on the beard, even Aaron's beard...

Songs 1:3 Because of the smell of your good ointments your name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love you.

Songs 3:6 Who is this that comes out of the wilderness like pillars of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense...

Songs 4:10 How fair is your love, my sister, my spouse! how much better is your love than wine! and the smell of your ointments than all spices!

John 12:3 Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair...

2 Corinthians 2:15,16 For we are to God a sweet smell of Christ, in them that are saved, and in them that perish...

16:21,23,24

Exodus 18:17-24 And Moses' father in law said to him, The thing that you do is not good...

1 Samuel 23:16,17 And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David into the wood, and strengthened his hand in God...

Exodus 18:17-24 And Moses' father in law said to him, The thing that you do is not good...

1 Samuel 23:16,17 And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David into the wood, and strengthened his hand in God...

Ezra 10:2-4 And Shechaniah the son of Jehiel, one of the sons of Elam, answered and said to Ezra, We have trespassed against our God...

Acts 28:15 And from there, when the brothers heard of us, they came to meet us as far as Appii forum, and The three taverns: whom when Paul saw...

by hearty counsel or from the counsel of the soul

Cross References
Psalm 23:5
You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; you anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows.

Psalm 141:5
Let a righteous man strike me--it is a kindness; let him rebuke me--it is oil for my head; let my head not refuse it. Yet my prayer is continually against their evil deeds.

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