English Standard Version
A stone is heavy, and sand is weighty, but a fool’s provocation is heavier than both.
King James Bible
A stone is heavy, and the sand weighty; but a fool's wrath is heavier than them both.
American Standard Version
A stone is heavy, and the sand weighty; But a fool's vexation is heavier than they both.
A stone is heavy, and sand weighty: but the anger of a fool is heavier than them both.
English Revised Version
A stone is heavy, and the sand weighty; but a fool's vexation is heavier than them both.
Webster's Bible Translation
A stone is heavy, and the sand weighty; but a fool's wrath is heavier than both.
Proverbs 27:3 Parallel
CommentaryKeil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament
24 With his lips the hater dissembleth,
And in his heart he museth deceit.
25 If he maketh his voice agreeable, believe him not,
For seven abominations are in his heart.
All the old translators (also the Venet. and Luther) give to יגּכר the meaning, to become known; but the Niph. as well as the Hithpa. (vid., at Proverbs 20:11; Genesis 47:17) unites with this meaning also the meaning to make oneself known: to make oneself unknown, unrecognisable equals (Arab.) tanakkr, e.g., by means of clothing, or by a changed expression of countenance.
(Note: Vid., de Goeje's Fragmenta Hist. Arab. ii.((1871), p. 94. The verb נכר, primarily to fix one's attention, sharply to contemplate anything, whence is derived the meanings of knowing and of not knowing, disowning. The account of the origin of these contrasted meanings, in Gesenius-Dietrich's Lexicon, is essentially correct; but the Arab. nakar there referred to means, not sharpness of mind, from nakar equals הכּיר, but from the negative signification prevailing in the Arab. alone, a property by which one makes himself worthy of being disowned: craftiness, cunning, and then also in bonam partem: sagacity.)
The contrast demands here this latter signification: labiis suis alium se simulat osor, intus in pectore autem reconditum habet dolum (Fleischer). This rendering of ישׁית מרמה is more correct than Hitzig's ("in his breast) he prepares treachery;" for שׁית מרמה is to be rendered after שׁית עצות, Psalm 13:3 (vid., Hupfeld's and also our comm. on this passage), not after Jeremiah 9:7; for one says שׁית מוקשׁים, to place snares, שׁית ארב, to lay an ambush, and the like, but not to place or to lay deceit. If such a dissembler makes his voice agreeable (Piel of חנן only here, for the form Psalm 9:14 is, as it is punctuated, Kal), trust not thyself to him (האמין, with ב: to put firm trust in anything, vid., Genesis, p. 312)
(Note: The fundamental idea of firmness in האמין is always in the subject, not the object. The Arabic interpreters remark that âman with ב expresses recognition, and with ל submission (vid., Lane's Lexicon under âman); but in Hebr. האמין with ב fiducia fidei, with ל assensus fidei; the relation is thus not altogether the same.)
for seven abominations, i.e., a whole host of abominable thoughts and designs, are in his heart; he is, if one may express it, after Matthew 12:45, possessed inwardly of seven devils. The lxx makes a history of 24a: an enemy who, under complaints, makes all possible allowances, but in his heart τεκταίνεται δόλους. The history is only too true, but it has no place in the text.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Surely vexation kills the fool, and jealousy slays the simple.
The vexation of a fool is known at once, but the prudent ignores an insult.
Let another praise you, and not your own mouth; a stranger, and not your own lips.
Wrath is cruel, anger is overwhelming, but who can stand before jealousy?
Jump to PreviousAnger Burden Crushing Fool Foolish Fool's Great Greater Heavier Heavy Provocation Sand Stone Vexation Weight Weighty Wrath
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.