Proverbs 27:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The prudent sees danger and hides himself, but the simple go on and suffer for it.

King James Bible
A prudent man foreseeth the evil, and hideth himself; but the simple pass on, and are punished.

American Standard Version
A prudent man seeth the evil, and hideth himself; But the simple pass on, and'suffer for it.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The prudent man seeing evil hideth himself: little ones passing on have suffered losses.

English Revised Version
A prudent man seeth the evil, and hideth himself: but the simple pass on, and suffer for it.

Webster's Bible Translation
A prudent man foreseeth the evil, and hideth himself; but the simple pass on, and are punished.

Proverbs 27:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

6 Faithful are the wounds of a friend,

   And overloaded [plentiful] the kisses of an enemy.

The contrast to נאמנים, true, i.e., honourable and good (with the transference of the character of the person to his act), would be fraudulenta (Jerome), or נהפכות, i.e., false (Ralbag); Ewald seeks this idea from עתר, to stumble, make a false step;

(Note: Thus also Schultens in the Animadversiones, which later he fancied was derived from עתר, nidor, from the meaning nidorosa, and thence virulenta.)

Hitzig, from עתר equals (Arab.) dadhr, whence dâdhir, perfidus, to gain from; but (1) the comparison does not lie near, since usually the Arab. t corresponds to the Heb. שׁ, and the Arab. d to the Heb. ז; (2) the Heb. עתר has already three meanings, and it is not advisable to load it with yet another meaning assumed for this passage, and elsewhere not found. The three meanings are the following: (a) to smoke, Aram. עטר, whence עתר, vapour, Ezekiel 8:11, according to which the Venet., with Kimchi's and Parchon's Lex., translates: the kisses of an enemy συνωμίχλωνται, i.e., are fog; (b) to sacrifice, to worship, Arab. atar; according to which Aquila: ἱκετικά (as, with Grabe, it is probably to be read for ἑκούσια of the lxx); and agreeably to the Niph., but too artificially, Arama: obtained by entreaties equals constrained; (c) to heap up, whence Hiph. העתיר, Ezekiel 35:13, cf. Jeremiah 33:6, according to which Rashi, Meri, Gesenius, Fleischer, Bertheau, and most explain, cogn. with עשׁר, whose Aram. form is עתר, for עשׁר is properly a heap of goods or treasures.

(Note: Vid., regarding this word, Schlottmann in Deutsch.-Morgenl. Zeitschrift, xxiv. 665, 668.)

This third meaning gives to the kisses of an enemy a natural adjective: they are too abundant, so much the more plentiful to veil over the hatred, like the kisses by means of which Judas betrayed his Lord, not merely denoted by φιλεῖν, but by καταφιλεῖν, Matthew 26:49. This, then, is the contrast, that the strokes inflicted by one who truly loves us, although they tear into our flesh (פּצע, from פּצע, to split, to tear open), yet are faithful (cf. Psalm 141:5); on the contrary, the enemy covers over with kisses him to whom he wishes all evil. Thus also נעתרות forms an indirect contrast to נאמנים.

Proverbs 27:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Proverbs 18:10 The name of the LORD is a strong tower: the righteous runs into it, and is safe.

Proverbs 22:3 A prudent man foresees the evil, and hides himself: but the simple pass on, and are punished.

Exodus 9:20,21 He that feared the word of the LORD among the servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his cattle flee into the houses...

Psalm 57:1-3 Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me: for my soul trusts in you: yes, in the shadow of your wings will I make my refuge...

Isaiah 26:20,21 Come, my people, enter you into your chambers, and shut your doors about you: hide yourself as it were for a little moment...

Matthew 3:7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, he said to them, O generation of vipers...

Hebrews 6:18 That by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation...

Hebrews 11:7 By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house...

2 Peter 3:7,10-14 But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store...

Cross References
Proverbs 22:3
The prudent sees danger and hides himself, but the simple go on and suffer for it.

Proverbs 27:11
Be wise, my son, and make my heart glad, that I may answer him who reproaches me.

Proverbs 27:13
Take a man's garment when he has put up security for a stranger, and hold it in pledge when he puts up security for an adulteress.

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