Proverbs 25:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
A man who bears false witness against his neighbor is like a war club, or a sword, or a sharp arrow.

King James Bible
A man that beareth false witness against his neighbour is a maul, and a sword, and a sharp arrow.

American Standard Version
A man that beareth false witness against his neighbor Is a maul, and a sword, and a sharp arrow.

Douay-Rheims Bible
A man that beareth false witness against his neighbour, is like a dart and a sword and a sharp arrow.

English Revised Version
A man that beareth false witness against his neighbour is a maul, and a sword, and a sharp arrow.

Webster's Bible Translation
A man that beareth false witness against his neighbor is a maul, and a sword, and a sharp arrow.

Proverbs 25:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Another proverb continues the commendation of the effective word; for it represents, in emblem, the interchangeable relation of speaker and hearer:

A golden earring and an ornament of fine gold -

A wise preacher to an ear that heareth;

i.e., as the former two ornaments form a beautiful ensemble, so the latter two, the wise preacher of morality and an attentive ear, form a harmonious whole: על, down upon, is explained by Deuteronomy 32:2. נזם, at Proverbs 11:12, standing along with באף, meant a ring for the nose; but here, as elsewhere, it means an earring (lxx, Jerome, Venet.), translated by the Syr. and Targ. by קדשׁא, because it serves as a talisman. A ring for the nose

(Note: Vid., Gieger's Zeitschrift, 1872, pp. 45-48, where it is endeavoured to be shown that נזם, as an earring, is rejected from the later biblical literature, because it had become "an object used in the worship of idols," and that the word was used only of a ring for the nose as a permissible ornament, while עגיל was used for the earring. But that does not apply to the Solomonic era; for that, in the passage under review, נזם signifies a ring for the nose, is only a supposition of Geiger's, because it accords with his construction of history.)

cannot also be here thought of, because this ornament is an emblem of the attentive ear: willingly accepted chastisement or instruction is an ear-ornament to him who hears (Stier). But the gift of the wise preacher, which consists in rightly dividing the word of truth, 2 Timothy 2:15, is as an ornament for the neck or the breast חלי ( equals Arab. khaly, fem. חליה equals ḥilyt), of fine gold (כּתם, jewel, then particularly precious gold, from כּתם, Arab. katam, recondere).

(Note: Hitzig compares Arab. kumêt; but this means bayard, as Lagarde remarks, the Greek κόμαιθος; and if by כתם gold foxes (gold money) are to be thought of, yet they have nothing whatever to do with bayards (red-brown horses); cf. Beohmer, de colorum nominibus equinorum, in his Roman. Stud. Heft 2, 1872, p. 285.)

The Venet. well: κόσμος ἀπυροχρύσου (fine gold); on the contrary (perhaps in want of another name for gold), כתם is translated, by the lxx and Syr., by sardine; by the Targ., by emerald; and by Jerome, by margaritum.

(Note: Another Greek translates πίνωσις χρυσῆ. This πίνωσις is a philological mystery, the solution of which has been attempted by Bochart, Letronne, and Field.)

It looks well when two stand together, the one of whom has golden earrings, and the other wears a yet more precious golden necklace - such a beautiful mutual relationship is formed by a wise speaker and a hearer who listens to his admonitions.

Proverbs 25:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Proverbs 12:18 There is that speaks like the piercings of a sword: but the tongue of the wise is health.

Psalm 52:2 The tongue devises mischiefs; like a sharp razor, working deceitfully.

Psalm 55:21 The words of his mouth were smoother than butter, but war was in his heart: his words were softer than oil, yet were they drawn swords.

Psalm 57:4 My soul is among lions: and I lie even among them that are set on fire, even the sons of men, whose teeth are spears and arrows...

Psalm 120:3,4 What shall be given to you? or what shall be done to you, you false tongue...

Psalm 140:3 They have sharpened their tongues like a serpent; adders' poison is under their lips. Selah.

Jeremiah 9:3,8 And they bend their tongues like their bow for lies: but they are not valiant for the truth on the earth...

James 3:6 And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defiles the whole body...

Cross References
Exodus 20:16
"You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

Psalm 57:4
My soul is in the midst of lions; I lie down amid fiery beasts-- the children of man, whose teeth are spears and arrows, whose tongues are sharp swords.

Psalm 120:4
A warrior's sharp arrows, with glowing coals of the broom tree!

Proverbs 12:18
There is one whose rash words are like sword thrusts, but the tongue of the wise brings healing.

Proverbs 24:28
Be not a witness against your neighbor without cause, and do not deceive with your lips.

Proverbs 25:17
Let your foot be seldom in your neighbor's house, lest he have his fill of you and hate you.

Jeremiah 9:8
Their tongue is a deadly arrow; it speaks deceitfully; with his mouth each speaks peace to his neighbor, but in his heart he plans an ambush for him.

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