Proverbs 22:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The rich rules over the poor, and the borrower is the slave of the lender.

King James Bible
The rich ruleth over the poor, and the borrower is servant to the lender.

American Standard Version
The rich ruleth over the poor; And the borrower is servant to the lender.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The rich ruleth over the poor: and the borrower is servant to him that lendeth.

English Revised Version
The rich ruleth over the poor, and the borrower is servant to the lender.

Webster's Bible Translation
The rich ruleth over the poor, and the borrower is servant to the lender.

Proverbs 22:7 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

31 The horse is harnessed for the day of battle;

     But with Jahve is the victory,

i.e., it remains with Him to give the victory or not, for the horse is a vain means of victory, Isaiah 33:17; the battle is the Lord's, 1 Samuel 17:47, i.e., it depends on Him how the battle shall issue; and king and people who have taken up arms in defence of their rights have thus to trust nothing in the multitude of their war-horses (סוּס, horses, including their riders), and generally in their preparations for the battle, but in the Lord (cf. Psalm 20:8, and, on the contrary, Isaiah 31:1). The lxx translates התּשׁוּעה by ἡ βοήθεια, as if the Arab. name of victory, naṣr, proceeding from this fundamental meaning, stood in the text; תשׁועה (from ישׁע, Arab. ws', to be wide, to have free space for motion) signifies properly prosperity, as the contrast of distress, oppression, slavery, and victory (cf. e.g., Psalm 144:10, and ישׁוּעה, 1 Samuel 14:45). The post-bibl. Heb. uses נצח (נצּחון) for victory; but the O.T. Heb. has no word more fully covering this idea than תשׁועה (ישׁועה).

(Note: In the old High German, the word for war is urlag (urlac), fate, because the issue is the divine determination, and nt (as in "der Nibelunge Not"), as binding, confining, restraint; this nt is the correlate to תשׁועה, victory; מלחמה corresponds most to the French guerre, which is not of Romanic, but of German origin: the Werre, i.e., the Gewirre [complication, confusion], for נלחם signifies to press against one another, to be engaged in close conflict; cf. the Homeric κλόνος of the turmoil of battle.)

Proverbs 22:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

rich

Proverbs 22:16,22 He that oppresses the poor to increase his riches, and he that gives to the rich, shall surely come to want...

Proverbs 14:31 He that oppresses the poor reproaches his Maker: but he that honors him has mercy on the poor.

Proverbs 18:23 The poor uses entreaties; but the rich answers roughly.

Amos 2:6 Thus said the LORD; For three transgressions of Israel, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof...

Amos 4:1 Hear this word, you cows of Bashan, that are in the mountain of Samaria, which oppress the poor, which crush the needy...

Amos 5:11,12 For as much therefore as your treading is on the poor, and you take from him burdens of wheat: you have built houses of hewn stone...

Amos 8:4,6 Hear this, O you that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail...

James 2:6 But you have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats?

James 5:1,4 Go to now, you rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come on you...

the borrower

2 Kings 4:1 Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets to Elisha, saying, Your servant my husband is dead...

Nehemiah 5:4,5 There were also that said, We have borrowed money for the king's tribute, and that on our lands and vineyards...

Isaiah 24:2 And it shall be, as with the people, so with the priest; as with the servant, so with his master; as with the maid...

Matthew 18:25 But for as much as he had not to pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife, and children, and all that he had...

lender

Cross References
James 2:6
But you have dishonored the poor man. Are not the rich the ones who oppress you, and the ones who drag you into court?

Proverbs 18:23
The poor use entreaties, but the rich answer roughly.

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