Proverbs 22:22
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Do not rob the poor, because he is poor, or crush the afflicted at the gate,

King James Bible
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:

American Standard Version
Rob not the poor, because he is poor; Neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Do no violence to the poor, because he is poor: and do not oppress the needy in the gate:

English Revised Version
Rob not the poor, because he is poor, neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:

Webster's Bible Translation
Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:

Proverbs 22:22 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

16 Whosoever oppresseth the lowly, it is gain to him;

     Whosoever giveth to the rich, it is only loss.

It is before all clear that להרבּות and למחסור, as at Proverbs 21:5, למותר and למחסור, are contrasted words, and form the conclusions to the participles used, with the force of hypothetical antecedents. Jerome recognises this: qui calumniatur pauperem, ut augeat divitias suas, dabit ipse ditiori et egebit. So Rashi, who by עשׁיר thinks on heathen potentates. Proportionally better Euchel, referring עשׁק and נתן, not to one person, but to two classes of men: he who oppresses the poor to enrich himself, and is liberal toward the rich, falls under want. The antithetic distich thus becomes an integral one - the antithesis manifestly intended is not brought out. This may be said also against Bertheau, who too ingeniously explains: He who oppresses the poor to enrich himself gives to a rich man, i.e., to himself, the enriched, only to want, i.e., only to lose again that which he gained unrighteously. Ralbag is on the right track, for he suggests the explanation: he who oppresses the poor, does it to his gain, for he thereby impels him to a more energetic exercise of his strength; he who gives to the rich man does it to his own loss, because the rich man does not thank him for it, and still continues to look down on him. But if one refers לּו to the poor, then it lies nearer to interpret אך למחסור of the rich: he who gives presents to the rich only thereby promotes his sleepy indolence, and so much the more robs him of activity (Elster); for that which one gives to him is only swallowed up in the whirlpool of his extravagance (Zckler). Thus Hitzig also explains, who remarks, under 17a: "Oppression produces reaction, awakens energy, and thus God on the whole overrules events" (Exodus 1:12). Similarly also Ewald, who thinks on a mercenary, unrighteous rich man: God finally lifts up the oppressed poor man; the rich man always becoming richer, on the contrary, is "punished for all his wickedness only more and more." But with all these explanations there is too much read between the lines. Since אך למחדור (Proverbs 11:24; Proverbs 21:5) refers back to the subject: himself to mere loss, so also will it be here; and the lxx, Symmachus, Jerome (cf. also the Syr. auget malum suum) are right when they also refer לו, not to the poor man, but to the oppressor of the poor. We explain: he who extorts from the poor enriches himself thereby; but he who gives to the rich has nothing, and less than nothing, thereby - he robs himself, has no thanks, only brings himself by many gifts lower and lower down. In the first case at least, 17a, the result corresponds to the intention; but in this latter case, 17b, one gains only bitter disappointment.

Proverbs 22:22 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

rob

Proverbs 23:10 Remove not the old landmark; and enter not into the fields of the fatherless:

Ezekiel 22:29 The people of the land have used oppression, and exercised robbery, and have vexed the poor and needy: yes...

oppress

Proverbs 21:16 The man that wanders out of the way of understanding shall remain in the congregation of the dead.

Exodus 23:6 You shall not wrest the judgment of your poor in his cause.

Job 29:12-16 Because I delivered the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and him that had none to help him...

Job 31:16,21 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail...

Zechariah 7:10 And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor...

Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers...

in the gate that is in the court of justice, which as we have already seen was held at the gates of cities in the east.

Cross References
Exodus 23:6
"You shall not pervert the justice due to your poor in his lawsuit.

Leviticus 25:17
You shall not wrong one another, but you shall fear your God, for I am the LORD your God.

Deuteronomy 23:16
He shall dwell with you, in your midst, in the place that he shall choose within one of your towns, wherever it suits him. You shall not wrong him.

Job 31:16
"If I have withheld anything that the poor desired, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail,

Proverbs 22:16
Whoever oppresses the poor to increase his own wealth, or gives to the rich, will only come to poverty.

Zechariah 7:10
do not oppress the widow, the fatherless, the sojourner, or the poor, and let none of you devise evil against another in your heart."

Malachi 3:5
"Then I will draw near to you for judgment. I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, against the adulterers, against those who swear falsely, against those who oppress the hired worker in his wages, the widow and the fatherless, against those who thrust aside the sojourner, and do not fear me, says the LORD of hosts.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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