Proverbs 21:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Precious treasure and oil are in a wise man’s dwelling, but a foolish man devours it.

King James Bible
There is treasure to be desired and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man spendeth it up.

American Standard Version
There is precious treasure and oil in the dwelling of the wise; But a foolish man swalloweth it up.

Douay-Rheims Bible
There is a treasure to be desired, and oil in the dwelling of the just: and the foolish man shall spend it.

English Revised Version
There is precious treasure and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man swalloweth it up.

Webster's Bible Translation
There is a treasure to be desired, and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man spendeth it up.

Proverbs 21:20 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

14 A gift in secret turneth away anger;

     And a bribe into the bosom violent wrath.

Hitzig reads with Symmachus, the Targ., and Jerome, יכבּה, and translates: "extinguishes anger;" but it does not follow that they did read יכבה; for the Talm. Heb. כּפה signifies to cover by turning over, e.g., of a vessel, Sanhedrin 77a, which, when it is done to a candle or a fire, may mean its extinction. But כפה of the post-bibl. Heb. also means to bend, and thence to force out (Aram. כּפא, כּפי), according to which Kimchi hesitates whether to explain: overturns equals smothers, or: bends equals forces down anger. The Venet. follows the latter signification: κάμψει (for Villoison's καλύψει rests on a false reading of the MS). But there is yet possible another derivation from the primary signification, curvare, flectere, vertere, according to which the lxx translates ἀνατρέπει, for which ἀποτρέπει would be yet better: כפה, to bend away, to turn off, ἀρκεῖν, arcere, altogether like the Arab. (compared by Schultens) kfâ, and kfy, ἀρκεῖν, to prevent, whence, e.g., ikfı̂ni hada: hold that away from me, or: spare me that (Fleischer); with the words hafı̂ka sharran (Lat. defendaris semper a malo) princes were anciently saluted; kfy signifies "to suffice," because enough is there, where there is a keeping off of want. Accordingly we translate: Donum clam acceptum avertit iram, which also the Syr. meant by mephadka (מפרק). This verb is naturally to be supplied to 14b, which the lxx has recognised (it translates: but he who spares gifts, excites violent anger). Regarding שׂחד, vid., at Proverbs 17:8; and regarding בּחק, at Proverbs 17:23. Also here חק (חיק equals חיק), like Arab. jayb, 'ubb, חב, denotes the bosom of the garment; on the contrary (Arab.) hijr, hiḍn, חצן, is more used of that of the body, or that formed by the drawing together of the body (e.g., of the arm in carrying a child). A present is meant which one brings with him concealed in his bosom; perhaps 13b called to mind the judge that took gifts, Exodus 23:8 (Hitzig).

Proverbs 21:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

treasure

Proverbs 10:22 The blessing of the LORD, it makes rich, and he adds no sorrow with it.

Proverbs 15:6 In the house of the righteous is much treasure: but in the revenues of the wicked is trouble.

Psalm 112:3 Wealth and riches shall be in his house: and his righteousness endures for ever.

Ecclesiastes 5:19 Every man also to whom God has given riches and wealth, and has given him power to eat thereof, and to take his portion...

Ecclesiastes 7:11 Wisdom is good with an inheritance: and by it there is profit to them that see the sun.

Ecclesiastes 10:19 A feast is made for laughter, and wine makes merry: but money answers all things.

Matthew 6:19,20 Lay not up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust does corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal...

Luke 6:45 A good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings forth that which is good...

oil

Psalm 23:5 You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies: you anoint my head with oil; my cup runs over.

Jeremiah 41:8 But ten men were found among them that said to Ishmael, Slay us not: for we have treasures in the field, of wheat, and of barley...

Matthew 25:3,4 They that were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them...

but

Matthew 25:3,4,8 They that were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them...

Luke 15:14 And when he had spent all, there arose a mighty famine in that land; and he began to be in want.

Luke 16:1,19-25 And he said also to his disciples, There was a certain rich man, which had a steward...

Cross References
Job 20:15
He swallows down riches and vomits them up again; God casts them out of his belly.

Job 20:18
He will give back the fruit of his toil and will not swallow it down; from the profit of his trading he will get no enjoyment.

Psalm 112:3
Wealth and riches are in his house, and his righteousness endures forever.

Proverbs 8:21
granting an inheritance to those who love me, and filling their treasuries.

Proverbs 14:24
The crown of the wise is their wealth, but the folly of fools brings folly.

Proverbs 22:4
The reward for humility and fear of the LORD is riches and honor and life.

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