Proverbs 20:28
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Steadfast love and faithfulness preserve the king, and by steadfast love his throne is upheld.

King James Bible
Mercy and truth preserve the king: and his throne is upholden by mercy.

American Standard Version
Kindness and truth preserve the king; And his throne is upholden by kindness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Mercy and truth preserve the king, and his throne is strengthened by clemency.

English Revised Version
Mercy and truth preserve the king: and his throne is upholden by mercy.

Webster's Bible Translation
Mercy and truth preserve the king: and his throne is upheld by mercy.

Proverbs 20:28 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

22 Say not: I will avenge the evil;

     Hope in Jahve, so will He help thee.

Men ought always to act toward their neighbours according to the law of love, and not according to the jus talionis, Proverbs 24:29; they ought not only, by requiting good with evil (Proverbs 16:13; Psalm 7:5, Psalm 35:12), not to transgress this law of requital, but they ought to surpass it, by also recompensing not evil with evil (vid., regarding שׁלּם, and synon. to Proverbs 17:13); and that is what the proverb means, for 22b supposes injustice suffered, which might stir up a spirit of revenge. It does not, however, say that men ought to commit the taking of vengeance to God; but, in the sense of Romans 12:17-19; 1 Peter 3:9, that, renouncing all dependence on self, they ought to commit their deliverance out of the distress into which they have fallen, and their vindication, into the hands of God; for the promise is not that He will avenge them, but that He will help them. The jussive וישׁע (write וישׁע, according to Metheg-setzung, 42, with Gaja as העמדה, with the ע to secure distinct utterance to the final guttural) states as a consequence, like, e.g., 2 Kings 5:10, what will then happen (Jerome, Luther, Hitzig) if one lets God rule (Gesen. 128, 2c); equally possible, syntactically, is the rendering: that He may help thee (lxx, Ewald); but, regarded as a promise, the words are more in accordance with the spirit of the proverb, and they round it off more expressively.

Proverbs 20:28 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

mercy

Proverbs 16:6 By mercy and truth iniquity is purged: and by the fear of the LORD men depart from evil.

Psalm 61:7 He shall abide before God for ever: O prepare mercy and truth, which may preserve him.

Psalm 101:1 I will sing of mercy and judgment: to you, O LORD, will I sing.

his

Proverbs 16:12 It is an abomination to kings to commit wickedness: for the throne is established by righteousness.

Proverbs 29:14 The king that faithfully judges the poor, his throne shall be established for ever.

Psalm 21:7 For the king trusts in the LORD, and through the mercy of the most High he shall not be moved.

Psalm 26:1 Judge me, O LORD; for I have walked in my integrity: I have trusted also in the LORD; therefore I shall not slide.

Isaiah 16:5 And in mercy shall the throne be established: and he shall sit on it in truth in the tabernacle of David, judging, and seeking judgment...

Cross References
Psalm 40:11
As for you, O LORD, you will not restrain your mercy from me; your steadfast love and your faithfulness will ever preserve me!

Proverbs 29:14
If a king faithfully judges the poor, his throne will be established forever.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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