Proverbs 20:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Unequal weights and unequal measures are both alike an abomination to the LORD.

King James Bible
Divers weights, and divers measures, both of them are alike abomination to the LORD.

American Standard Version
Diverse weights, and diverse measures, Both of them alike are an abomination to Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Diverse weights and diverse measures, both are abominable before God.

English Revised Version
Divers weights, and divers measures, both of them alike are an abomination to the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
Divers weights, and divers measures, both of them are alike abomination to the LORD.

Proverbs 20:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

4 At the beginning of the harvest the sluggard plougheth not;

   And so when he cometh to the reaping-time there is nothing.

Many translators (Symmachus, Jerome, Luther) and interpreters (e.g., Rashi, Zckler) explain: propter frigus; but חרף is, according to its verbal import, not a synon. of קר and צנּה, but means gathering equals the time of gathering (synon. אסיף), from חרף, carpere,

(Note: Vid., Fleischer in Levy's Chald. Wrterbuch, i.426.)

as harvest, the time of the καρπίζειν, the plucking off of the fruit; but the harvest is the beginning of the old Eastern agricultural year, for in Palestine and Syria the time of ploughing and sowing with the harvest or early rains (חריף equals יורה, Nehemiah 7:24; Ezra 2:18) followed the fruit harvest from October to December. The מן is thus not that of cause but of time. Thus rendered, it may mean the beginning of an event and onwards (e.g., 1 Samuel 30:25), as well as its termination and onwards (Leviticus 27:17): here of the harvest and its ingathering and onwards. In 4b, the Chethı̂b and Kerı̂ vary as at Proverbs 18:17. The fut. ישׁאל would denote what stands before the sluggard; the perf. שׁאלו places him in the midst of this, and besides has this in its favour, that, interpreted as perf. hypotheticum, it makes the absence of an object to שׁאל more tenable. The Chethı̂b, ושׁאל, is not to be read after Psalm 109:10 : he will beg in harvest - in vain (Jerome, Luther), to which Hitzig well remarks: Why in vain? Amid the joy of harvest people dispense most liberally; and the right time for begging comes later. Hitzig conjecturally arrives at the translation:

"A pannier the sluggard provideth not;

Seeketh to borrow in harvest, and nothing cometh of it."

But leaving out of view the "pannier," the meaning "to obtain something as a loan," which שׁאל from the connection may bear, is here altogether imaginary. Let one imagine to himself an indolent owner of land, who does not trouble himself about the filling and sowing of his fields at the right time and with diligence, but leaves this to his people, who do only as much as is commanded them: such an one asks, when now the harvest-time has come, about the ingathering; but he receives the answer, that the land has lain unploughed, because he had not commanded it to be ploughed. When he asks, there is nothing, he asks in vain (ואין, as at Proverbs 14:6; Proverbs 13:4). Meri rightly explains מחרף by מתחלת זמן החרישׁה, and 4b by: "so then, when he asks at harvest time, he will find nothing;" on the other hand, the lxx and Aram. think on חרף, carpere conviciis, as also in Codd. here and there is found the meaningless מחרף.

Proverbs 20:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

divers weights and measures or a stone and a stone, an ephah and an ephah

Deuteronomy 25:13 You shall not have in your bag divers weights, a great and a small.

both

Proverbs 20:23 Divers weights are an abomination to the LORD; and a false balance is not good.

Proverbs 11:1 A false balance is abomination to the LORD: but a just weight is his delight.

Proverbs 16:11 A just weight and balance are the LORD's: all the weights of the bag are his work.

Leviticus 19:35 You shall do no unrighteousness in judgment, in length, in weight, or in measure.

Deuteronomy 25:13-15 You shall not have in your bag divers weights, a great and a small...

Amos 8:4-7 Hear this, O you that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail...

Micah 6:10,11 Are there yet the treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked, and the scant measure that is abominable...

abomination

Deuteronomy 7:25,26 The graven images of their gods shall you burn with fire: you shall not desire the silver or gold that is on them, nor take it to you...

Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and fornicators, and sorcerers, and idolaters...

Cross References
Leviticus 19:36
You shall have just balances, just weights, a just ephah, and a just hin: I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt.

Proverbs 11:1
A false balance is an abomination to the LORD, but a just weight is his delight.

Proverbs 20:23
Unequal weights are an abomination to the LORD, and false scales are not good.

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