Proverbs 19:28
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
A worthless witness mocks at justice, and the mouth of the wicked devours iniquity.

King James Bible
An ungodly witness scorneth judgment: and the mouth of the wicked devoureth iniquity.

American Standard Version
A worthless witness mocketh at justice; And the mouth of the wicked swalloweth iniquity.

Douay-Rheims Bible
An unjust witness scorneth judgment: and the mouth of the wicked devoureth iniquity.

English Revised Version
A worthless witness mocketh at judgment: and the mouth of the wicked swalloweth iniquity.

Webster's Bible Translation
An ungodly witness scorneth judgment: and the mouth of the wicked devoureth iniquity.

Proverbs 19:28 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The series makes a new departure with a proverb regarding the poor (cf. Proverbs 19:17):

A man's delight is his beneficence;

And better is a poor man than a liar.

The right interpretation will be that which presses upon תּאות no strange meaning, and which places the two parts of the verse in an inner mutual relation ethically right. In any case it lies nearer to interpret תאות, in relation to man, actively than passively: that which makes man worthy of desire (Rashi), adorns and distinguishes him (Kimchi, Aben-Ezra); or, that which is desired by man, is above all things sought for (Luzzatto); and, in like manner, the Heb. meaning for חסדּו lies nearer than the Aram. (vid., Proverbs 14:34): the pleasure of a man is his disgrace (Ralbag). Thus Bertheau's translation: the desire of a man is his charitas, must mean: that which brings to a man true joy is to act amiably. But is that, thus generally expressed, true? And if this were the thought, how much more correctly and distinctly would it be expressed by שׂמחה לאדם עשׂות חסד (cf. Proverbs 21:15)! Hitzig so rightly reminded by חסדו of the Pharisee who thanks God that he is not as other men; the word ought to have been חסד to remove every trace of self-satisfaction. Hitzig therefore proposes from the lxx and the Vulgate the text-correction מתּבוּאת no, and translates, "from the revenue of a man is his kind gift;" and Ewald, who is satisfied with תּבוּאת, "the gain of a man is his pious love." The latter is more judicious: חסד (love) distributed is in reality gain (according to Proverbs 19:17); but 22b corresponds rather with the former: "better is he who from want does not give תבואה, than he who could give and says he has nothing." But was there then need for that καρπός of the lxx? If a poor man is better than a lord given to lying - for אישׁ with רשׁ is a man of means and position - i.e., a poor man who would give willingly, but has nothing, than that man who will not give, and therefore lies, saying that he has nothing; then 22a means that the will of a man (cf. תאות, Proverbs 11:23) is his doing good (vid., regarding חסד, ad Proverbs 3:3), i.e., is its soul and very essence. Euchel, who accordingly translates: the philanthropy of a man consists properly in his goodwill, rightly compares the Rabbinical proverb, אחד המרבה ואחד הממעיט ובלבד שׁיתבוון, i.e., one may give more or less, it all depends on the intention, the disposition.

Proverbs 19:28 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

an ungodly witness or a witness of Belial

1 Kings 21:10,13 And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against him, saying, You did blaspheme God and the king...

Acts 6:11-13 Then they suborned men, which said, We have heard him speak blasphemous words against Moses, and against God...

scorneth

Psalm 10:5,11 His ways are always grievous; your judgments are far above out of his sight: as for all his enemies, he puffs at them...

Isaiah 28:14-18 Why hear the word of the LORD, you scornful men, that rule this people which is in Jerusalem...

Luke 18:2-4 Saying, There was in a city a judge, which feared not God, neither regarded man...

the

Proverbs 15:14 The heart of him that has understanding seeks knowledge: but the mouth of fools feeds on foolishness.

Job 15:16 How much more abominable and filthy is man, which drinks iniquity like water?

Job 20:12,13 Though wickedness be sweet in his mouth, though he hide it under his tongue...

Job 34:7 What man is like Job, who drinks up scorning like water?

Hosea 4:8 They eat up the sin of my people, and they set their heart on their iniquity.

Cross References
Job 15:16
how much less one who is abominable and corrupt, a man who drinks injustice like water!

Job 20:12
"Though evil is sweet in his mouth, though he hides it under his tongue,

Job 20:13
though he is loath to let it go and holds it in his mouth,

Job 34:7
What man is like Job, who drinks up scoffing like water,

Proverbs 19:27
Cease to hear instruction, my son, and you will stray from the words of knowledge.

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