Proverbs 18:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
From the fruit of a man’s mouth his stomach is satisfied; he is satisfied by the yield of his lips.

King James Bible
A man's belly shall be satisfied with the fruit of his mouth; and with the increase of his lips shall he be filled.

American Standard Version
A man's belly shall be filled with the fruit of his mouth; With the increase of his lips shall he be satisfied.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Of the fruit of a man's mouth shall his belly be satisfied: and the offspring of his lips shall fill him.

English Revised Version
A man's belly shall be filled with the fruit of his mouth; with the increase of his lips shall he be satisfied.

Webster's Bible Translation
A man's belly shall be satisfied with the fruit of his mouth; and with the increase of his lips shall he be filled.

Proverbs 18:20 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

14 The spirit of a man beareth his sickness;

     But a broken spirit, who can bear it?

The breath of the Creator imparting life to man is spoken of as spiritus spirans, רוּח (רוּח חיּים), and as spiritus spiratus, נפשׁ (נפשׁ חיּה); the spirit (animus) is the primary, and the soul (anima) the secondary principle of life; the double gender of רוח is accounted for thus: when it is thought of as the primary, and thus in a certain degree (vid., Psychol. p. 103ff.) the manly principle, it is mas. (Genesis 6:3; Psalm 51:12, etc.). Here the change of gender is in the highest degree characteristic, and אישׁ also is intentionally used (cf. 1 Samuel 26:15) instead of אדם, 16a: the courageous spirit of a man which sustains or endures (כּלכּל R. כל, comprehendere, prehendere; Luther, "who knows how to contain himself in his sufferings;" cf. Psalm 51:12, "may the free Spirit hold me") the sickness [Siechthum] (we understand here "siech" in the old meaning equals sick) with self-control, is generis masculini; while, on the contrary, the רוּח נכאה (as Proverbs 15:13; Proverbs 17:22), brought down from its manliness and superiority to disheartened passivity, is genere feminino (cf. Psalm 51:12 with Proverbs 18:19). Fleischer compares the Arab. proverb, thbât âlnfs bâlghdhâ thbât alrwh balghnâ, the soul has firmness by nourishment, the spirit by music.

(Note: In the Arab. language, influenced by philosophy, rwh, the anima vitalis, and nfs, the anima rationalis, are inverted; vid., Baudissin's Translationis antiquae Arab. libri Jobi quae supersunt (1870), p. 34.)

The question מי ישּׂאנּה is like Mark 9:50 : if the salt becomes tasteless, wherewith shall one season it? There is no seasoning for the spice that has become insipid. And for the spirit which is destined to bear the life and fortune of the person, if it is cast down by sufferings, there is no one to lift it up and sustain it. But is not God the Most High the lifter up and the bearer of the human spirit that has been crushed and broken? The answer is, that the manly spirit, 14a, is represented as strong in God; the discouraged, 14b, as not drawing from God the strength and support he ought to do. But passages such as Isaiah 66:2 do not bring it near that we think of the רוח נכאה as alienated from God. The spirit is נשׂא, the bearer of the personal and natural life with its functions, activities, and experiences. If the spirit is borne down to powerless and helpless passivity, then within the sphere of the human personality there is no other sustaining power that can supply its place.

Proverbs 18:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Proverbs 12:13,14 The wicked is snared by the transgression of his lips: but the just shall come out of trouble...

Proverbs 13:2 A man shall eat good by the fruit of his mouth: but the soul of the transgressors shall eat violence.

Proverbs 22:18,21 For it is a pleasant thing if you keep them within you; they shall with be fitted in your lips...

Proverbs 25:11,12 A word fitly spoken is like apples of gold in pictures of silver...

Cross References
Proverbs 12:14
From the fruit of his mouth a man is satisfied with good, and the work of a man's hand comes back to him.

Proverbs 14:14
The backslider in heart will be filled with the fruit of his ways, and a good man will be filled with the fruit of his ways.

Proverbs 18:19
A brother offended is more unyielding than a strong city, and quarreling is like the bars of a castle.

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