Proverbs 16:21
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The wise of heart is called discerning, and sweetness of speech increases persuasiveness.

King James Bible
The wise in heart shall be called prudent: and the sweetness of the lips increaseth learning.

American Standard Version
The wise in heart shall be called prudent; And the sweetness of the lips increaseth learning.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The wise in heart shall be called prudent: and he that is sweet in words shall attain to greater things.

English Revised Version
The wise in heart shall be called prudent: and the sweetness of the lips increaseth learning.

Webster's Bible Translation
The wise in heart shall be called prudent: and the sweetness of the lips increaseth learning.

Proverbs 16:21 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

15 In the light on the king's countenance there is life,

     And his favour is as a cloud of the latter rains.

Hitzig regards אור as the inf. (cf. Proverbs 4:18), but one says substantively אור פּני, Job 29:24, etc., and in a similar sense מאור עינים, Proverbs 15:30; light is the condition of life, and the exhilaration of life, wherefore אור החיּים, Psalm 56:14, Job 33:30, is equivalent to a fresh, joyous life; in the light of the king's countenance is life, means that life goes forth from the cheerful approbation of the king, which shows itself in his face, viz., in the showing of favour, which cheers the heart and beautifies the life. To speak of liberality as a shower is so common to the Semitic, that it has in Arab. the general name of nadnâ, rain. 15b conforms itself to this. מלקושׁ (cf. Job 29:23) is the latter rain, which, falling about the spring equinox, brings to maturity the barley-harvest; on the contrary, מורה (יורה) is the early rain, which comes at the time of ploughing and sowing; the former is thus the harvest rain, and the latter the spring rain. Like a cloud which discharges the rain that mollifies the earth and refreshes the growing corn, is the king's favour. The noun עב, thus in the st. constr., retains its Kametz. Michlol 191b. This proverb is the contrast to Proverbs 16:14. Proverbs 20:2 has also the anger of the king as its theme. In Proverbs 19:12 the figures of the darkness and the light stand together as parts of one proverb. The proverbs relating to the king are now at an end. Proverbs 16:10 contains a direct warning for the king; Proverbs 16:12 an indirect warning, as a conclusion arising from 12b (cf. Proverbs 20:28, where יצּרוּ is not to be translated tueantur; the proverb has, however, the value of a nota bene). Proverbs 16:13 in like manner presents an indirect warning, less to the king than to those who have intercourse with him (cf. Proverbs 25:5), and Proverbs 16:14 and Proverbs 16:15 show what power of good and evil, of wrath and of blessing, is given to a king, whence so much the greater responsibility arises to him, but, at the same time also, the duty of all to repress the lust to evil that may be in him, and to awaken and foster in him the desire for good.

Proverbs 16:21 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

wise

Proverbs 16:23 The heart of the wise teaches his mouth, and adds learning to his lips.

Proverbs 10:8 The wise in heart will receive commandments: but a prating fool shall fall.

Proverbs 23:15 My son, if your heart be wise, my heart shall rejoice, even mine.

1 Kings 3:12 Behold, I have done according to your words: see, I have given you a wise and an understanding heart...

Romans 16:19 For your obedience is come abroad to all men. I am glad therefore on your behalf: but yet I would have you wise to that which is good...

James 3:17 But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to be entreated, full of mercy and good fruits...

the sweetness

Proverbs 16:24 Pleasant words are as an honeycomb, sweet to the soul, and health to the bones.

Proverbs 15:7 The lips of the wise disperse knowledge: but the heart of the foolish does not so.

Proverbs 27:9 Ointment and perfume rejoice the heart: so does the sweetness of a man's friend by hearty counsel.

Psalm 45:2 You are fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into your lips: therefore God has blessed you for ever.

Ecclesiastes 12:10 The preacher sought to find out acceptable words: and that which was written was upright, even words of truth.

Isaiah 50:4 The Lord GOD has given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to him that is weary...

Luke 4:22 And all bore him witness, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And they said, Is not this Joseph's son?

John 7:46 The officers answered, Never man spoke like this man.

Cross References
Matthew 11:25
At that time Jesus declared, "I thank you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that you have hidden these things from the wise and understanding and revealed them to little children;

Proverbs 16:22
Good sense is a fountain of life to him who has it, but the instruction of fools is folly.

Proverbs 16:23
The heart of the wise makes his speech judicious and adds persuasiveness to his lips.

Hosea 14:9
Whoever is wise, let him understand these things; whoever is discerning, let him know them; for the ways of the LORD are right, and the upright walk in them, but transgressors stumble in them.

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