Proverbs 10:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
On the lips of him who has understanding, wisdom is found, but a rod is for the back of him who lacks sense.

King James Bible
In the lips of him that hath understanding wisdom is found: but a rod is for the back of him that is void of understanding.

American Standard Version
In the lips of him that hath discernment wisdom is found; But a rod is for the back of him that is void of understanding.

Douay-Rheims Bible
In the lips of the wise is wisdom found: and a rod on the back of him that wanteth sense.

English Revised Version
In the lips of him that hath discernment wisdom is found: but a rod is for the back of him that is void of understanding.

Webster's Bible Translation
In the lips of him that hath understanding wisdom is found: but a rod is for the back of him that is void of understanding.

Proverbs 10:13 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Thus, as Proverbs 10:6 says how it goes with the righteous and the wicked in this life, so this verse tells how it fares with them after death:

The memory of the righteous remains in blessings,

And the name of the godless rots.

The tradition regarding the writing of זכר with five (זכר) or six points (זכר) is doubtful (vid., Heidenheim in his ed. of the Pentateuch, Mer Enajim, under Exodus 17:14); the Cod. 1294 and old printed copies have here זכר. Instead of לברכה, יברך might be used; the phrase היה לברכה (opp. היה לקללה, often used by Jeremiah), subordinate to the substantival clause, paraphrases the passive, for it expresses a growing to something, and thus the entrance into a state of endurance. The remembrance of the righteous endures after his death, for he is thought of with thankfulness (צל''ז equals זכר צדיק לברכה, the usual appendix to the name of an honoured, beloved man who has died), because his works, rich in blessing, continue; the name of the godless, on the contrary, far from continuing fresh and green (Psalm 62:1-12 :17) after his departure, becomes corrupt (רקב, from רק, to be or to become thin, to dissolve in fine parts, tabescere), like a worm-eaten decayed tree (Isaiah 40:20). The Talmud explains it thus, Joma 38b: foulness comes over their name, so that we call no one after their name. Also the idea suggests itself, that his name becomes corrupt, as it were, with his bones; the Mishnah, at least Ohaloth ii. 1, uses רקב of the dust of corruption.

Proverbs 10:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the lips

Proverbs 10:11,21 The mouth of a righteous man is a well of life: but violence covers the mouth of the wicked...

Proverbs 15:7,23 The lips of the wise disperse knowledge: but the heart of the foolish does not so...

Proverbs 20:15 There is gold, and a multitude of rubies: but the lips of knowledge are a precious jewel.

Proverbs 26:3 A whip for the horse, a bridle for the donkey, and a rod for the fool's back.

Exodus 10:12 And the LORD said to Moses, Stretch out your hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, that they may come up on the land of Egypt...

Isaiah 50:4 The Lord GOD has given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to him that is weary...

Luke 4:22 And all bore him witness, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And they said, Is not this Joseph's son?

a rod

Proverbs 10:10 He that winks with the eye causes sorrow: but a prating fool shall fall.

Proverbs 7:22 He goes after her straightway, as an ox goes to the slaughter, or as a fool to the correction of the stocks;

Proverbs 17:10 A reproof enters more into a wise man than an hundred stripes into a fool.

Proverbs 26:3 A whip for the horse, a bridle for the donkey, and a rod for the fool's back.

Proverbs 27:22 Though you should bray a fool in a mortar among wheat with a pestle, yet will not his foolishness depart from him.

Psalm 32:9 Be you not as the horse, or as the mule, which have no understanding: whose mouth must be held in with bit and bridle...

understanding

Proverbs 6:32 But whoever commits adultery with a woman lacks understanding: he that does it destroys his own soul.

Cross References
Psalm 37:30
The mouth of the righteous utters wisdom, and his tongue speaks justice.

Proverbs 6:32
He who commits adultery lacks sense; he who does it destroys himself.

Proverbs 10:31
The mouth of the righteous brings forth wisdom, but the perverse tongue will be cut off.

Proverbs 19:29
Condemnation is ready for scoffers, and beating for the backs of fools.

Proverbs 26:3
A whip for the horse, a bridle for the donkey, and a rod for the back of fools.

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