Proverbs 1:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Such are the ways of everyone who is greedy for unjust gain; it takes away the life of its possessors.

King James Bible
So are the ways of every one that is greedy of gain; which taketh away the life of the owners thereof.

American Standard Version
So are the ways of every one that is greedy of gain; It taketh away the life of the owners thereof.

Douay-Rheims Bible
So the wage of every covetous man destroy the souls of the possessors.

English Revised Version
So are the ways of every one that is greedy of gain; it taketh away the life of the owners thereof.

Webster's Bible Translation
So are the ways of every one that is greedy of gain; who taketh away the life of its owners.

Proverbs 1:19 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Note: Here, in Proverbs 1:14, גורלך is to be written with Munach (not Metheg) in the second syllable; vid., Torath Emeth, p. 20. Accentuationssystem, vii. 2.)

To their invitation, bearing in itself its own condemnation, they add as a lure the splendid self-enriching treasures which in equal and just fellowship with them they may have the prospect of sharing. הון (from הוּן, levem, then facilem esse, tre ais, son aise) means aisance, convenience, opulence, and concretely that by which life is made agreeable, thus money and possessions (Fleischer in Levy's Chald. Wrterbuch, i. 423f.). With this הון with remarkable frequency in the Mishle יקר (from יקר, Arab. waḳar, grave esse) is connected in direct contrast, according to its primary signification; cf. Proverbs 12:27; Proverbs 24:4 : heavy treasures which make life light. Yet it must not be maintained that, as Schultens has remarked, this oxymoron is intended, nor also that it is only consciously present in the language. מצא has here its primitive appropriate signification of attaining, as Isaiah 10:14 of reaching. שׁלל (from שׁלל, to draw from, draw out, from של, cf. שׁלה, שׁלף, Arab. salab, Comm. on Isa. p. 447) is that which is drawn away from the enemy, exuviae, and then the booty and spoil taken in war generally. נמלּא, to fill with anything, make full, governs a double accusative, as the Kal (to become full of anything) governs only one. In Proverbs 1:14, the invitation shows how the prospect is to be realized. Interpreters have difficulty in conceiving what is here meant. Do not a share by lot and a common purse exclude one another? Will they truly, in the distribution of the booty by lot, have equal portions at length, equally much in their money-bags? Or is it meant that, apart from the portion of the booty which falls to every one by lot, they have a common purse which, when their business is ebbing, must supply the wants of the company, and on which the new companion can maintain himself beforehand? Or does it mean only that they will be as mutually helpful to one another, according to the principle τὰ τῶν φίλων κοινά (amicorum omnia communia), as if they had only one purse? The meaning is perfectly simple. The oneness of the purse consists in this, that the booty which each of them gets, belongs not wholly or chiefly to him, but to the whole together, and is disposed of by lot; so that, as far as possible, he who participated not at all in the affair in obtaining it, may yet draw the greatest prize. This view harmonizes the relation between 14b and 14a. The common Semitic כּים is even used at the present day in Syria and elsewhere as the name of the Exchange ("Brse") (plur. akjâs); here it is the purse ("Kasse") (χρημάτων δοχεῖον, Procop.), which is made up of the profits of the business. This profit consists not merely in gold, but is here thought of in regard to its worth in gold. The apparent contradiction between distributing by lot and having a common purse disappears when the distribution by lot of the common property is so made, that the retaining of a stock-capital, or reserve fund, is not excluded.

Proverbs 1:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

every

Proverbs 15:27 He that is greedy of gain troubles his own house; but he that hates gifts shall live.

Proverbs 23:3,4 Be not desirous of his dainties: for they are deceitful meat...

2 Samuel 18:11-13 And Joab said to the man that told him, And, behold, you saw him, and why did you not smite him there to the ground...

2 Kings 5:20-27 But Gehazi, the servant of Elisha the man of God, said, Behold, my master has spared Naaman this Syrian...

Jeremiah 22:17-19 But your eyes and your heart are not but for your covetousness, and for to shed innocent blood, and for oppression, and for violence...

Micah 2:1-3 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil on their beds! when the morning is light, they practice it...

Micah 3:10-12 They build up Zion with blood, and Jerusalem with iniquity...

Habakkuk 2:9 Woe to him that covets an evil covetousness to his house, that he may set his nest on high...

Acts 8:19,20 Saying, Give me also this power, that on whomsoever I lay hands, he may receive the Holy Ghost...

1 Timothy 3:3 Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous;

1 Timothy 6:9,10 But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts...

James 5:1-4 Go to now, you rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come on you...

2 Peter 2:3,14-16 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingers not...

taketh

Job 31:39 If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life:

Ecclesiastes 5:13 There is a sore evil which I have seen under the sun, namely, riches kept for the owners thereof to their hurt.

Cross References
Proverbs 15:27
Whoever is greedy for unjust gain troubles his own household, but he who hates bribes will live.

Proverbs 1:20
Wisdom cries aloud in the street, in the markets she raises her voice;

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