Philippians 3:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Look out for the dogs, look out for the evildoers, look out for those who mutilate the flesh.

King James Bible
Beware of dogs, beware of evil workers, beware of the concision.

American Standard Version
Beware of the dogs, beware of the evil workers, beware of the concision:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Beware of dogs, beware of evil workers, beware of the concision.

English Revised Version
Beware of the dogs, beware of the evil workers, beware of the concision:

Webster's Bible Translation
Beware of dogs, beware of evil-workers, beware of the concision.

Weymouth New Testament
Beware of 'the dogs,' the bad workmen, the self-mutilators.

Philippians 3:2 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Beware (βλέπετε)

Lit., look to. Compare Mark 4:24; Mark 8:15; Luke 21:8.

Dogs

Rev., correctly, the dogs, referring to a well-known party - the Judaizers. These were nominally Christians who accepted Jesus as the Messiah, but as the Savior of Israel only. They insisted that Christ's kingdom could be entered only through the gate of Judaism. Only circumcised converts were fully accepted by God. They appeared quite early in the history of the Church, and are those referred to in Acts 15:1. Paul was the object of their special hatred and abuse. They challenged his birth, his authority, and his motives. "'Paul must be destroyed,' was as truly their watchword as the cry for the destruction of Carthage had been of old to the Roman senator" (Stanley, "Sermons and Lectures on the Apostolic Age"). These are referred to in Philippians 1:16; and the whole passage in the present chapter, from Philippians 3:3 to Philippians 3:11, is worthy of study, being full of incidental hints lurking in single words, and not always apparent in our versions; hints which, while they illustrate the main point of the discussion, are also aimed at the assertions of the Judaizers. Dogs was a term of reproach among both Greeks and Jews. Homer uses it of both women and men, implying shamelessness in the one, and recklessness in the other. Thus Helen: "Brother-in-law of me, a mischief devising dog" ("Iliad," vi., 344). Teucer of Hector: "I cannot hit this raging dog" ("Iliad," viii., 298). Dr. Thomson says of the dogs in oriental towns: "They lie about the streets in such numbers as to render it difficult and often dangerous to pick one's way over and amongst them - a lean, hungry, and sinister brood. They have no owners, but upon some principle known only to themselves, they combine into gangs, each of which assumes jurisdiction over a particular street; and they attack with the utmost ferocity all canine intruders into their territory. In those contests, and especially during the night, they keep up an incessant barking and howling, such as is rarely heard in any European city. The imprecations of David upon his enemies derive their significance, therefore, from this reference to one of the most odious of oriental annoyances" ("Land and Book," Central palestine and Phoenicia, 593). See Psalm 59:6; Psalm 22:16. Being unclean animals, dogs were used to denote what was unholy or profane. So Matthew 7:6; Revelation 22:15. The Israelites are forbidden in Deuteronomy to bring the price of a dog into the house of God for any vow: Deuteronomy 23:18. The Gentiles of the Christian era were denominated "dogs" by the Jews, see Matthew 15:26. Paul here retorts upon them their own epithet.

Evil workers

Compare deceitful workers, 2 Corinthians 11:13.

Concision (κατατομήν)

Only here in the New Testament. The kindred verb occurs in the Septuagint only, of mutilations forbidden by the Mosaic law. See Leviticus 21:5. The noun here is a play upon περιτομή circumcision. It means mutilation. Paul bitterly characterizes those who were not of the true circumcision (Romans 2:28, Romans 2:29; Colossians 2:11; Ephesians 2:11) as merely mutilated. Compare Galatians 5:12, where he uses ἀποκόπτειν to cut off, of those who would impose circumcision upon the Christian converts: "I would they would cut themselves off who trouble you;" that is, not merely circumcise, but mutilate themselves like the priests of Cybele.

Philippians 3:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

of dogs.

Proverbs 26:11 As a dog returns to his vomit, so a fool returns to his folly.

Isaiah 56:10,11 His watchmen are blind: they are all ignorant, they are all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber...

Matthew 7:6,15 Give not that which is holy to the dogs, neither cast you your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet...

Matthew 24:10 And then shall many be offended, and shall betray one another, and shall hate one another.

Galatians 5:15 But if you bite and devour one another, take heed that you be not consumed one of another.

2 Timothy 4:14,15 Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil: the Lord reward him according to his works...

2 Peter 2:22 But it is happened to them according to the true proverb, The dog is turned to his own vomit again...

Revelation 22:15 For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and fornicators, and murderers, and idolaters, and whoever loves and makes a lie.

evil.

Philippians 3:19 Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things.)

Psalm 119:115 Depart from me, you evildoers: for I will keep the commandments of my God.

Matthew 7:22,23 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in your name? and in your name have cast out devils...

2 Corinthians 11:13 For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ.

Galatians 5:13 For, brothers, you have been called to liberty; only use not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another.

1 Timothy 1:19 Holding faith, and a good conscience; which some having put away concerning faith have made shipwreck:

2 Timothy 3:1-6 This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come...

2 Timothy 4:3,4 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers...

Titus 1:16 They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and to every good work reprobate.

2 Peter 2:18-20 For when they speak great swelling words of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, through much wantonness...

Jude 1:4,10-13 For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men...

Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and fornicators, and sorcerers, and idolaters...

the.

Philippians 3:3 For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh.

Romans 2:28 For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:

Galatians 2:3,4 But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised...

Galatians 5:1-3,6 Stand fast therefore in the liberty with which Christ has made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage...

Revelation 2:9 I know your works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but you are rich) and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews...

Revelation 3:9 Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold...

Cross References
Psalm 22:16
For dogs encompass me; a company of evildoers encircles me; they have pierced my hands and feet--

Psalm 22:20
Deliver my soul from the sword, my precious life from the power of the dog!

2 Corinthians 11:13
For such men are false apostles, deceitful workmen, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ.

Galatians 5:15
But if you bite and devour one another, watch out that you are not consumed by one another.

Revelation 22:15
Outside are the dogs and sorcerers and the sexually immoral and murderers and idolaters, and everyone who loves and practices falsehood.

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